Haribo

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Haribo
TypeGmbH & Co. KG
IndustryConfectionery
FoundedDecember 13, 1920; 100 years ago (1920-12-13)
FounderHans Riegel Sr.
Headquarters,
Germany
ProductsCandy, especially gummy candy
Revenue€1.7–2.0 billion
Number of employees
~7,000 (2018)
Websiteharibo.com

Haribo (/ˈhærɪb/ HARR-i-boh) is a German confectionery company founded by Hans Riegel Sr. It began in Kessenich, Bonn. The name "Haribo" is a portmanteau formed from Hans Riegel Bonn.[1] The company created the first gummy candy in 1922 in the form of little gummy bears called Gummibärchen. The current headquarters are in Grafschaft, Germany.[2][3]

History[edit]

On December 13, 1920, the company was registered in the commercial register by its founder Johannes Riegel. In 1921, his wife Gertrud Riegel was the company's first employee.[4] According to the company, Riegel's seed capital was a sack of sugar, a copper pot, a marble slab, a stool, a stonewalled stove and a roller. In the same year, he bought a house that was located in the Bonn district Kessenich on a street called Bergstraße. The house was Haribo's first production facility.[5] Two years after the company foundation, Hans Riegel invented the precursor of the Goldbear, who was still called Tanzbär (Dancing Bear) at that time. However, it was not only bigger than the present gummy bears, but also softer, due to the use of gum arabic instead of the now common gelatine.

Haribo since expanded its operations, taking over many local confectionery manufacturers in countries all over the world. It began international expansion in the 1960s and entered American markets in the 1980s. As of 2013, it operated 16 factories which produce over 100 million gummy bears per day.[6]

Goldbears[edit]

Goldbears are fruit gums in the shape of stylised bears, that are two centimetres in size and consist of sugar, sugar syrup, colourants and flavourings. They also contain acidifiers, coating agents, water and a gelatine mixture, which gives the bears their rubbery consistency. Since 1960,[7] Haribo calls its gummy bears Goldbears, in order to distinguish them from other manufacturers' products. In 2005, Haribo produced about 100 million Goldbears daily in 15 establishments throughout Europe to ensure the distribution in over 100 countries.The Goldbears account for Haribo's largest revenue share. According to the company, their brand awareness in Germany is 99 percent and the Goldbear stands for childlike joy. [8]

For the German market, they are coloured with natural fruit extracts, in contrast to the use of colourants in the past. Although there are enough possibilities today to create a shade of blue, making the production of blue Goldbears theoretically conceivable, the Haribo management does not want to make any changes to the traditional product.

In August 2007, the product range was partly changed by adding apple as a new flavour and giving it the colour green. The strawberry flavour, which was hitherto assigned to the colour green, was recoloured to light red. Additionally, the shape of the Goldbears was slightly changed, compared to the former generations, by giving them a smiling face.[9]

Haribo-goldbaeren-2007

Devoted to the UEFA Euro in 2008, Haribo produced Schwarz-Rot-Goldbären: a black, red and yellow Goldbear mix. The mix, which was inspired by the colour combination of the German flag, contained the flavours blackcurrant (black), raspberry (red) and lemon (yellow). For the first time ever, Haribo developed black Goldbears, which, besides blackcurrant, also contained elder extract.[citation needed]

On the occasion of the FIFA World Cup in 2014, Haribo produced the Goldbären-Fan-Edition. This mix included gummy bears in cherry (dark red), grapefruit (red), watermelon (green), woodruff (dark green) and apricot (soviet) flavour as well as blue Goldbears in strawberry flavour.[citation needed]

UK presence[edit]

Haribo factory in Pontefract.
New Haribo factory and automated warehouse in Castleford, West Yorkshire, UK.

Haribo entered the UK sweets market by buying Dunhill's in 1992, a manufacturer of licorice Pontefract cakes which was founded in the 18th century.[10][11]

Haribo's key brands in the UK are Starmix, Tangfastics, Supermix, and Maoam, with Maoam being a brand of chewy sweets being bought in 1986 from Edmund Münster, the manufacturer who originally owned Maoam when it was first launched in Germany back in 1931.[12][13] They were once the distributor of Pez products in the United Kingdom, but this is no longer the case. Haribo makes Pontefract Cakes at their factory in Pontefract, West Yorkshire, and other locations. The company owns seven shops in the UK located in Pontefract, West Midlands, York, Cheshire, East Midlands, Somerset and Kent.[14]

US presence[edit]

Haribo had been imported into the United States for many years[when?] in bulk by German food importers and sold at German and other gourmet stores at a large markup. In Germany, Haribo was not an exclusive gourmet product, but a mere candy. When Haribo of America was incorporated in the 1980s in Baltimore, Maryland, Haribo's gummi candies were introduced to the US mass market through retailers such as drugstores, grocery stores, and discount stores. The packaging was translated into English, and package weights were adjusted to match U.S. candy price points and package sizes. A laydown bag was developed for the US supermarket trade, instead of the hanging bag commonly found in German supermarkets, and a boxed product was developed for theaters.

Once this was done and Haribo products in US-style packaging were introduced at confectionery and fancy food shows, Haribo became a popular item. Sales soared the first year, and gummy bears became so popular in the US, Haribo in Germany could not supply enough products, so the US market was soon flooded with competitors such as German Trolli and American Black Forest.

On 23 March 2017, Haribo announced the opening of its first United States factory, a 500,000 sq ft (46,500 m²), 400 employee manufacturing plant in Kenosha County, Wisconsin, scheduled to start construction in 2020 by Gilbane Building Company.[15]

International distribution[edit]

Gummy & Licorice Mix: "Haribo Color-Rado"

Haribo plans to expand to China and Brazil. In China, it has launched test stores in Shanghai and in Guangdong province. The US headquarters is located in Rosemont, IL. New production facilities opened in Castleford, West Yorkshire,[16] (directly opposite the Normanton M62 Junction (J31)) in 2016 and plans to open in São Paulo, Brazil.[17]

Countries with Haribo factories in Europe

Slogans[edit]

Haribo's German catchphrase is „Haribo macht Kinder froh – und Erwachsene ebenso" ("Haribo makes children happy – and adults as well"). The German advertisements were voiced by Thomas Gottschalk from 1991 until 2015. In English-speaking countries, it uses the slogan "Kids and grown-ups love it so – the happy world of Haribo". In Hungary, it uses the slogan "Gyermek, felnőtt kedve jó – édes élet, Haribo" ("Child and adult is happy – sweet life, Haribo"). "Haribo c'est beau la vie, pour les grands et les petits" ("Haribo life is beautiful, for big ones and little ones") is used in France, while in Italy the song used during commercials is: "Haribo è la bontà, che si gusta ad ogni età" ("Haribo is the delicacy that one can taste at any age"). In Turkey, it uses the slogan "Çocuk ya da büyük ol, Haribo'yla mutlu ol" ("Be a kid or a grown up, be happy with Haribo"). In Denmark, it uses the slogan "Luk op for noget godt! Luk op for Haribo! Den er go'" ("Open for something good! Open for Haribo! It is good"). Similar slogans are used in other languages. The Haribo jingle music was created by UK composer Stephen Lee Vickers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roberts, Emma. "Why is Haribo Called Haribo | Rewind & Capture". Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  2. ^ Myers, Dan (6 November 2015). "5 Things You Didn't Know About Haribo Gummy Bears". The Daily Meal.
  3. ^ "Milestones throughout HARIBO's unique success story". HARIBO.
  4. ^ "100 Jahre Haribo: Von der Hinterhof-Waschküche zum Weltmarktführer". Haribo. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Firmengeschichte von Haribo". berufsstart.de.
  6. ^ Oltermann, Philip (13 October 2013). "Haribo: the confessions of a confectionery addict". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  7. ^ Opdenhövel, Matthias; Hugendubel-Doll, Steffi (2012). Flipflops, iPod, Currywurst: Wer hat's erfunden?. Munich: cbj Kinderbücher Verlag. pp. 124–125. ISBN 978-3-570-13621-8.
  8. ^ Amann, Susanne; Kühn, Alexander (2018). "Haribo ist ein demokratisches Produkt, es muss aber nicht politisch sein". Der Spiegel (36): 62–64.
  9. ^ "Haribo Produkte: Da steckt viel Freude drin". Haribo. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Sweet deal for Yorkshire as Haribo announces new factory in Castleford". 10 October 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Liquorice companies in Pontefract and Castleford" (PDF). Wakefield Council. n.d. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  12. ^ "MAOAM". maoam.com. Archived from the original on 19 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  13. ^ "Haribo's Maoam Website that includes the history of Maoam".
  14. ^ "Our Stores". HARIBO. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  15. ^ "HARIBO selects Milwaukee firm as general contractor for Wisconsin factory". www.candyindustry.com. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  16. ^ "Castleford Haribo plant to create 286 jobs". BBC News. 10 October 2013.
  17. ^ Best, Dean. "Haribo to expand in China, US, UK and Brazil". just-food.com. just-food.com. Retrieved 28 July 2015.

External links[edit]