Harvard State Airport
|Harvard State Airport
Harvard Army Airfield
1999 USGS Photo
|Owner||Nebraska Department of Aeronautics|
|Location||Harvard Township, Clay County, near Harvard, Nebraska|
|Elevation AMSL||1,815 ft / 553 m|
Harvard Army Airfield was built in 1942 as a United States Army Air Forces training airfield. It is in a farming area, and covered 1,704 acres (6.90 km2). It was one of eleven training airfields in Nebraska during World War II.
On 2 September 1942, an announcement was made to the community that a satellite Army Airfield would be built just northeast of Harvard. By September 17 construction began, farmers were removed from their properties, and by November 19, the work was nearly completed with 277 buildings and structures were built. It was a major World War II training center for bomber crews of the 2nd Air Force. Complete engine and air-frame repairs were available for B-17, B-24 and B-29 bombers at the five hangars on the field. Between August 1943 and December 1945, twenty six bombardment squadrons received proficiency training at Harvard AAF
The airfield was under the command of Second Air Force Headquarters, Colorado Springs, Colorado. The 521st Army Air Force Base Unit commanded the support elements at Harvard as part of Air Technical Service Command. The 521st was assigned to the 15th Bombardment Training Wing (September 1943 – March 1944), then transferred to the 17th Bombardment Training Wing in March 1944 for B-29 training.
The airfield was opened as a satellite base for Kearney AAF, but was soon scheduled for full-time operation as independent USAAF airfield. By early 1943, the base was on a 24-hour program of training Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress and Consolidated B-24 Liberator and crews for the European theater against the German Luftwaffe.
In March 1944, the Boeing B-29 Superfortress made its way to Harvard Airfield for training. From mid-1944 until May 1946, Super Fortresses from the airfield trained aircrews over Nebraska's countryside before they were sent to the Pacific theater.
At its peak about 6,000 officers and enlisted men were stationed at the base for training purposes, and many civilian workers from Harvard and surrounding communities worked at the base in support of this gigantic undertaking.
Known groups which trained at Harvard were:
- 512th, 513th, 514th, and 515th Bombardment Squadrons
- Inactivated November 1945
- 720th, 721st, 722nd, and 723rd Bombardment Squadrons
- Inactivated 15 October 1945
- 788th, 789th, 790th and 791st Bombardment Squadrons
- Inactivated 4 October 1946
Even after the surrender of the Japanese in September 1945, the Harvard base remained active for a period, until the base was declared surplus property on 21 May 1946 and turned over to the State. All Army material was packed and shipped out. Other than the four hangars, most of the buildings, including barracks, gymnasium, picture show, Service Club, chapel, weather station, post exchange and many other building were moved away or dismantled and sold for the lumber.
Most of the area that was once the Harvard Army Airfield has reverted to agriculture and the hangars are used for grain storage. In 1983, three of the hangars were destroyed by fire, which was started by careless use of a cutting torch by a pair of teenagers who were dismantling the first hangar for salvage. A handful of wartime buildings still exist on the former military airfield.
The housing erected by the federal government on the northeast edge of Harvard for personnel stationed at the base, most commonly referred to by Harvardites as "The Courts" or "Courts Addition," has been a residential village for the citizens of Harvard for many years.
Harvard State Airport covers 1,102 acres (446 ha) at an elevation of 1,815 feet (553 m). It has two runways: 17/35 is 3,745 by 60 feet (1,141 x 18 m) asphalt; 14/32 is 3,900 by 150 feet (1,189 x 46 m) turf. In the year ending July 24, 2008 the airport had 1,570 aircraft operations, 99% general aviation and 1% military.
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- Harvard Army Airfield historical website
- FAA Terminal Procedures for 08K, effective March 30, 2017
- Resources for this airport: