|Industry||Fashion, Crystal, Jewelry|
|Markus Langes-Swarovski, Robert Buchbauer, Nadja Swarovski|
|Products||crystal, genuine gemstones, created stones, and finished products such as accessories and lighting solutions|
Number of employees
|Approx. 32,000 (2016)|
Swarovski (/swɒrˈɒfski/ sworr-off-skee, German pronunciation: [svaˈʀɔfski]) is an Austrian producer of crystal headquartered in Wattens, Austria. The company is split into three major industry areas: the Swarovski Crystal Business, that primarily produces crystal jewelry and accessories; Swarovski Optik, which produces optical instruments of high precision such as telescopes and binoculars; Tyrolit, a leading manufacturer of grinding, sawing, drilling, and dressing tools, as well as a supplier of tools and machines.
Today, Swarovski Crystal Business is the highest grossing business unit with a global reach of approximately 2,800 stores in around 170 countries, more than 27,000 employees, and a revenue of about 2.6 billion euros (in 2016).
Daniel Swarovski was born in northern Bohemia (now the Czech Republic). His father was a glass cutter who owned a small glass factory. It was there that the young Swarovski served an apprenticeship, becoming skilled in the art of glass-cutting. In 1892 he patented an electric cutting machine that facilitated the production of crystal glass.
In 1895, Swarovski financier Armand Kosman and Franz Weis founded the Swarovski company, originally known as A. Kosman, Daniel Swartz & Co.—later shortened to K.S. & Co. The company established a crystal cutting factory in Wattens, Tyrol (Austria), to take advantage of local hydroelectricity for the energy-intensive grinding processes Daniel Swarovski patented.
The Swarovski Crystal range includes crystal glass sculptures and miniature, jewelry and couture, home decor, and chandeliers. It is best known for its small animal figurines, which have loyal and longstanding collectors and fans.
To create crystal glass that lets light refract in a rainbow spectrum, Swarovski coats some of its products with special metallic chemical coatings. For example, Aurora Borealis, or "AB", gives the surface a rainbow appearance. Other coatings are named by the company, including Crystal Transmission, Volcano, Aurum, and Dorado. Coatings may be applied to only part of an object; others are coated twice, and thus are designated AB 2X, Dorado 2X, etc.
In 2004 Swarovski released Xilion, a copyrighted cut designed to optimise the brilliance of Roses (components with flat backs) and Chatons (diamond cut).
The Swarovski Group includes Tyrolit (makers of abrasive and cutting tools); Swareflex (reflective and luminous road markings); Signity (synthetic and natural gemstones); and Swarovski Optik (optical instruments such as binoculars and rifle scopes).
In 2014, Tristan da Cunha issued a five crown Christmas coin where the reverse has a small Swarovski crystal set in the guiding star behind a colour picture of one of the magi.
Swarovski have created a line of liquid and solid perfumes.
The company runs a crystal-themed museum, Swarovski Kristallwelten (Crystal Worlds) at its original Wattens site (near Innsbruck, Austria). The Crystal Worlds Centre is fronted by a grass-covered head, the mouth of which is a fountain. The grass-covered Crystal Worlds Centre houses exhibitions related to, or inspired by, the crystals but do not include explanations of how the designs are made, produced or finished.
Swarovski work was exhibited at Asia's Fashion Jewellery & Accessories Fair based on the concept of a single continuous beam of fragmented light travelling through a crystal.
- Atelier Swarovski
- Fashion and jewellery designers. Viktor Horsting and Rolf Snoeren designed a 2014 fall collection.
- A crystal chandelier manufacturer.
- A road safety products specialist.
- Crystal-based animal and other figurines, ornaments and fashion accessories.
- Swarovski Crystal Palace
- Avant-garde lighting and design (chandeliers etc.)
- Swarovski Entertainment
- Swarovski's movie branch
- Swarovski Gemstone Business
- Gemstone designs.
- Swarovski Kristallwelten
- Museum, Art and Entertainment.
- Swarovski Lighting
- Finished lighting products and solutions with crystal for architecture.
- Swarovski Optik
- Swarovski Professional
- Crystal elements produced by Swarovski
- Touchstone Crystal
- Swarovski's direct sales company for ready-made jewelry
- A manufacturer of bonded grinding and cut-off wheels.
In 2007 Swarovski formed a partnership with electronics giant Philips to produce the "Active-Crystals" consumer electronics range. This includes six USB Memory keys and four in-ear headphones, and in 2008 they included Bluetooth wireless earpieces for the brand, all with some form of Swarovski crystal on them as decoration.
Figurines and collectibles
Swarovski's figurines are collectible, with a stylized mouse being the very first figurine created. A smaller version of this mouse, now labeled the "replica mouse", is still available. The company produces many types of figurines from ladybugs to limited-edition Disney collectibles.
In November 2014, Victoria's Secret revealed its re-design of the Heavenly Luxe perfume bottle. Designed in Italy using many Swarovski® crystals to embellish the ornate angel wings, the $250 bottle of perfume is packaged in a gilded, white lacquered box.
Sponsorship and placement
Since 2004, Swarovski has created the 9-foot-diameter (2.7 m), 550-pound (250 kg) star or snowflake that tops the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree in New York City. The tree ornament now serves as the inspiration for the smaller Annual Edition ornaments that have been sold in the retail stores since 1991.
Swarovski was a sponsor for the 2004 film The Phantom of the Opera, in which the "standing model" of the chandelier was composed of Swarovski crystals. A Swarovski shop window is visible later in the film. However instead of using the edelweiss flower, which would have been the case in the era the film was set, the current swan logo was used.
Swarovski is product-placed in the 2011 J-Lo promo video for the single "On The Floor", alongside Crown Royal Whisky and BMW. It is also product-placed in the 2012 Nelly Furtado's Big Hoops music video.
- Pederson, Jay . (1988). International directory of company histories, St. James Press, p. 422.
- Callan, Georgina O'Hara; Glover, Cat (2008). The Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Fashion and Fashion Designers, Thames & Hudson, p. 248.
- "About Us – The Story". Swarovski. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- Campbell, Gordon (2006). The Grove encyclopedia of decorative arts, Volume 2, Oxford University Press US, p. 407.
- Szmydke, Paulina (28 February 2014). "Viktor & Rolf to Design for Atelier Swarovski". WWD. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- Swarovski Crystal Worlds. Ninemsn. October 25, 2007.
- Dodds, Jo-Ann (November 20, 2004). "A real gem off the beaten path." Toronto Star.
- Coincraft catalogue P473 of 2016
- "Free Swarovski Gift - Special Offers ↓". Archived from the original on 2013-12-13.
- "Swarovski Crystallized Paris". Marmalade London. Retrieved 2014-07-23.
- "Swarovski, Philips, unveil 'Active Crystals'." Press Trust of India. September 24, 2007.
- Royal Canadian Mint 2009 Holiday Gift Guide.
- Victoria's Secret Heavenly Fragrance