Helen Taft Manning
Helen Herron Taft
August 1, 1891
|Died||February 21, 1987 (aged 95)|
Frederick Johnson Manning
(m. 1920; died 1966)
Helen Herron Taft Manning (August 1, 1891 – February 21, 1987) was an American professor of history and college dean. She was the middle child and only daughter of U.S. President William Howard Taft and his wife Helen Herron.
Like her older brother Robert and younger brother Charles, Helen Taft was a high achiever. She was able to reach goals that her mother had not been granted access to due to the social restrictions placed on women of her mother's time. She graduated from The Baldwin School in 1908. She earned a scholarship to attend Bryn Mawr College, where she was a student when her father was elected president in 1908.
Taft's studies were interrupted for some time when her mother had a stroke, and was left an invalid. She moved into the White House with her family, and helped her mother to regain body movement and speech. Taft also served as official hostess for many White House functions while her mother was disabled. In December, 1910, she was given a debutante party at the White House.
After her mother recovered, she resumed her studies at Bryn Mawr, graduating in 1915 with a bachelor's degree in history. She was a suffragist,[A] and traveled the country, giving speeches in support of the vote for women and women's rights.
On July 15, 1920, she married Yale history professor Frederick Johnson Manning (1894–1966), who then moved to Swarthmore College. The Mannings had two daughters, who later also pursued careers in teaching:
- Helen Taft Manning Hunter (October 5, 1921 – October 17, 2013)
- Caroline Manning Cunningham (January 18, 1925 - March 23, 2020)
She then attended Yale University, where she earned a doctorate in history. Taft's research interests centered on the history of North America in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. In 1925, she returned to Bryn Mawr as dean and professor of history. She served as dean until 1941, and taught history until she retired in 1957, having become head of the department. She continued to research and to publish during her retirement.
Her papers, which include a collection of personal correspondence, professional work, and her husband's work are stored at Bryn Mawr College.
She was the last surviving child of William Howard Taft, her siblings having died in 1953 and 1983.
- British colonial government after the American Revolution, 1782-1820. (1933)
- The revolt of French Canada, 1800-1835; a chapter in the history of the British Commonwealth. (1962)
- E.G. Wakefield and the Beauharnois Canal. (1967)
- The Oxford English Dictionary has this, "Originally a generic term, suffragist came to refer specifically to those advocates of women's suffrage who campaigned through peaceful, constitutional measures, in distinction to the suffragettes who employed direct action and civil disobedience." Manning was most definitely peaceful, and never practiced civil disobedience.