Heritiera littoralis

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Heritiera littoralis
Heritiera littoralis Blanco2.341.png
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Heritiera
Species: H. littoralis
Binomial name
Heritiera littoralis
, Aiton
  • Amygdalus litoralis (Dryand.) Kuntze
  • Balanopteris tothila Gaertn.
  • Heritiera minor Bojer
  • Samadera littoralis (Dryander) Oken
  • Sutherlandia littoralis J.F.Gmel. [2]

Heritiera littoralis, the looking-glass mangrove is a large tree with wing shaped nuts, which is most easily recognised by the silvery scales on the underside of its leaves, which therefore appear green from top and white from below, although Litsea mellifera A.C. Smith (in the family Lauraceae), has the same type of leaves. The tree is usually found to grow along the seashore in Bangladesh & Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia and Tropical Africa.

The tree's tough wood has historically been used in boat-building.[3]

Common Names[4][5][edit]

  • Hindi - Sundari (सुंदरी)
  • Bengali - Sundari (সুন্দরী) (সুন্দরি)
  • Sinhala - Etuna (ඇ‍ටුන) / Ho mediriya (හෝ මැදිරිය)



  1. ^ Duke, N., Kathiresan, K., Salmo III, S.G., Fernando, E.S., Peras, J.R., Sukardjo, S. & Miyagi, T. 2010. Heritiera littoralis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 4 March 2012.
  2. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-2846318
  3. ^ "Dungun (Heritiera littoralis) on the Shores of Singapore". WILD Fact Sheets. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  4. ^ http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Looking%20Glass%20Mangrove.html
  5. ^ http://www.instituteofayurveda.org/plants/plants_detail.php?i=1277&s=Family_name