|Chairman and CEO of Sberbank|
|Assumed office |
|Preceded by||Andrey Kazmin|
|Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Russian Federation|
18 May 2000 – 21 September 2007
|Preceded by||Andrei Shapovalyants|
|Succeeded by||Elvira Nabiullina|
February 8, 1964
Panfilovo, Pavlodar Region, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||No affiliation|
|Alma mater||Omsk State University|
Hermann Gräf (Russian: Герман Оскарович Греф, romanized: German Oskarovich Gref, born February 8, 1964), better known as Herman Gref, is a Russian politician and businessman. He was the Minister of Economics and Trade of Russia from May 2000 to September 2007. He is the CEO and chairman of the executive board of Sberbank, the largest Russian bank.
Education and early career
Herman Gref was born in the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic (now Kazakhstan) into a family of German deportees who were exiled there in 1941. Later Gref was involved in the return of exiled Germans to Russia - with his assistance an entire German village called Strelna was built near St. Petersburg.
There are two versions of what Gref did after graduation. According to one of them, Gref entered the faculty of international economic relations at MGIMO of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, but after the first year he was expelled from the university. According to the other version, after school Gref and his first wife, Elena Velikanova, entered Omsk State University, but failed the exams.
From 1982 to 1984, Gref served in the army.
After that he enrolled in the post-graduate program at the Law Department of St. Petersburg State University. He graduated in 1993 under the guidance of Anatoly Sobchak. However, he did not defend his dissertation until 2011. In 1992 – 1998 Gref worked on several positions at the Saint Petersburg City Administration. From 1997 to 1998, as vice-governor. This period brought him acquaintances with Vladimir Putin, Alexei Kudrin, Dmitry Kozak, Dmitry Medvedev.
Work for the Russian government
In August 1998, Gref was appointed First Deputy Minister of State Property of the Russian Federation, and was a member of its board until 2000. He was also appointed to the board of the Federal Commission for the Securities Market of the Russian Federation and the board of state-owned Svyazinvest and Gazprom in 1999.
Gref was first appointed as Minister of the newly formed Ministry of Economic Development and Trade on May 18, 2000 and was reappointed to the position in the succeeding Cabinet in 2004.
Gref was considered as one of the liberal reformers in Vladimir Putin's administration of the early and mid-2000s, besides Alexei Kudrin. Gref has repeatedly spoken out against the monopolization of the oil and gas sector of the economy.
Gref resigned as minister in 2007 along with Mikhail Fradkov's government.
In January 2018, Gref was added to the US Treasury's "Kremlin list", a list of 210 officials, politicians and businessmen believed to be close to Vladimir Putin. According to the US Department of Treasury, the list is not a sanctions list and no restrictions are automatically imposed on its subjects. He was later subjected to full U.S. Treasury sanctions following the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.
In April 2022, Gref was added to the European Union sanctions list "in response to the ongoing unjustified and unprovoked Russian military aggression against Ukraine and other actions undermining or threatening the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine".
Work as CEO of Sberbank
In November 2007 Gref was elected as president of the state-owned savings bank Sberbank at an extraordinary general meeting. Under Gref's leadership, the bank has undergone a number of radical changes aimed at improving its efficiency and corporate culture.
In 2010, speaking at the Davos Economic Forum, Gref spoke in favor of reducing the state's stake in the capital of Russian banks; in particular, he proposed reducing the state stake in Sberbank from 57.6 percent to 50 percent plus one share. In March of the following year, the sale of a 7.58 percent stake in Sberbank was approved by the National Banking Council, and in September 2012 the shares were sold on the stock exchange for $5.22 billion.
In 2019 the shareholders of Sberbank re-elected Herman Gref for a fourth term. He will be president and chairman of the bank until 2023.
Gref married the designer Yana on May 1, 2004 in the throne room of Peterhof Palace. His wife has a teenage son from a prior relationship, just as Gref has a son, Oleg, from his marriage with Yelena, who refused to move to Moscow when Gref was called into the government in 1998. Since 2006 the couple has a daughter. Oleg studied jurisprudence in St. Petersburg until 2004 and moved to Germany for further education. Gref speaks German and is an admirer of Goethe and German Expressionism.
After the Russian annexation of Crimea and a raised risk of being sanctioned, Gref used the Singapore firm Asiaciti Trust to restructure a $75 million family trust through a network of offshore companies in 2015. He gave more than $50 million held in the trust to a 24-year old nephew who lived outside of Russia, but remained in control of the assets through the offshore companies.
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- "Profile at the Moscow Times". themoscowtimes.com. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "Pot Of Gold At End Of Stabilization Fund". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- Sheena McKenzie, Nicole Gaouette and Donna Borak (30 January 2018). "Full list of Russian oligarchs released by US". CNN. Retrieved 2021-06-16.
- Office of Foreign Assets Control. "Notice of OFAC Sanctions Actions." Published 31 March 2022. 87 FR 18857
- "EU imposes sanctions against 217 businessmen, politicians, reporters from Russia, Donbass". TASS. 2022-04-09. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
- Catrina Stewart, "Sberbank Approves Gref as New Head", The Moscow Times, November 29, 2007.
- Katya Golubkova, "NEWSMAKER-Super-fit CEO of Russia's Sberbank drives a lean machine", Reuters, March 15, 2012.
- Dominic O’Neill, "Sberbank: Gref's great expectations", Euromoney.
- Anonym. "Gref re-elected head of Sberbank | tellerreport.com". www.tellerreport.com. Retrieved 2021-06-16.
- Steve Gutterman, "Russia search engine Yandex nominates state bank CEO to board", Reuters, May 6, 2014.
- "Греф вышел из совета директоров «Яндекса»". РБК (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-07-15.
- Oliver Carroll (February 14, 2019). "Russians told to 'prepare for the worst' as US proposes new sanctions". The Independent.
- "Herman Gref heiratet im Peterhofer Thronsaal", Russland Aktuell, 5 May 2004, accessed 6 August 2010
- "Герман Греф" [Herman Gref]. Lenta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved February 3, 2018.
- "Russian bankers shuffled personal wealth offshore long before latest sanctions, Pandora Papers show - ICIJ". 2022-04-11. Retrieved 2022-04-11.
- Алеев, Егор (November 18, 2016). "Греф рассказал, как конвертировал биткоины в реальную валюту: По словам главы Сбербанка, ему нравятся виртуальные валюты как игра, "но в этом будет скоро вся наша жизнь"" [Gref told how he converted bitcoins into real currency: According to the head of Sberbank, he likes virtual currency as a game, "but this will soon be our whole life"] (in Russian). Retrieved February 3, 2018.