2017 Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly election
All 68 seats in the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly
35 seats needed for a majority
The Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 2017 was held on 9 November 2017 to elect all 68 members of the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly.
The term of previous Legislative Assembly ended on 7 January 2018. Since 2013, the Indian National Congress Party was in power in outgoing assembly with 36 seats. The lone opposition party was Bharatiya Janata Party.
The Constitution of India states that the term of Legislative Assemblies is five years, at maximum. The term of current Legislative Assembly ends on 7 January 2018. The previous election, held in 2012 resulted in Congress gaining majority of seats and Virbhadra Singh becoming Chief Minister.
Himachal Pradesh, as a state of India follows Parliamentary system of government similar to other states. The Government is responsible to the Assembly and stays in power only if it has the support of majority members. Elections take place on a first past the post basis, the candidate with the most number of votes wins the seat regardless of absolute majority. Every citizen of the state, who is 18 and above is eligible to vote. The Governor then invites the leader of the largest party or coalition to form the government. As is common in most other first past the post electoral systems, the state's politics are dominated by two parties - the ruling Indian National Congress and the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party.
State elections in India are often fought on central issues, and the results are regarded as a referendum on the central government's policies. This is especially true in the case of states where the two national parties - Congress and BJP are in direct contest with each other. The state units of the parties are not completely independent and the central authority of the parties have a considerable influence over candidate selection and campaigning. However, state issues do tend to dominate the discourse. The Congress party has projected its current Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh as its Chief Ministerial candidate for the elections. BJP announced Prem Kumar Dhumal as their Chief Ministerial candidate. Dhumal lost his seat from Sujanpur constituency.
Preparations for elections
VVPAT-fitted electronic voting machines were used in all of the 7,521 polling stations, the first time that the entire state will see the implementation of VVPAT to ensure greater transparency to the voter. Over 5 million voters are registered in the state. VVPAT slips were counted in 2 polling stations each across all 68 Himachal Pradesh constituencies.
India's first voter, Shyam Saran Negi, has voted for the 29th time at Kalpa polling station in Kinnaur. The state also has India's highest polling station at Hikkim, and the polling station with the least number of voters (six) at Ka in Kinnaur.
|Group of voters||Voters population|
Indian electoral rules allow any citizen of India above 18 years of age to vote in any states and union territories of India, provided he/she is a resident of that state. India has a large Tibetan diaspora that fled from Tibet along with the Dalai Lama. Dharamshala, a city in Himachal Pradesh, is the capital of the Central Tibetan Administration. The Government has allowed Tibetans born in India between 1950 and 1987 to vote in the elections. This however, does not affect their relationship with the CTA.
|Date for nominations||16 Oct 2017||Monday|
|Last date for filing nominations||23 Oct 2017||Monday|
|Date for scrutiny of nominations||24 Oct 2017||Tuesday|
|Last date for withdrawal of candidatures||26 Oct 2017||Thursday|
|Date of poll||9 Nov 2017||Thursday|
|Date of counting||18 Dec 2017||Monday|
|Date before which the election shall be completed||20 Dec 2017||Wednesday|
|Polling firm/Commissioner||Date published|
|India-Today (Axis) Opinion Poll||24 October 2017||49%
|ABP News CSDS||30 October 2017||47%
|C-Voter||7 November 2017||50%
The results were declared on 18 December 2017.
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Seats|
|Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||1,846,432||48.8||10.3||44||18|
|Indian National Congress (INC)||1,577,450||41.7||1.1||21||15|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M))||55,558||1.5||0.1||1||1|
|Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)||18,540||0.5||0.7||0|
|Himachal Lokhit Party (HLP)||N/A||2.4||0||1|
|None of the Above (NOTA)||34,232||0.9||0.9||N/A|
Results by Constituency
|3||Baijnath||Mulkh Raj Premi||BJP|
|4||Balh||Colonel Inder Singh||BJP|
|6||Barsar||Inder Dutt Lakhanpal||INC|
|8||Bhattiyat||Bikram Singh Jaryal||BJP|
|13||Chopal||Balbir Singh Verma||BJP|
|20||Doon||Paramjeet Singh Pammi||BJP|
|21||Fatehpur||Sujan Singh Pathania||INC|
|29||Jawalamukhi||Ramesh Chand Dhawala||BJP|
|31||Jhanduta||Jeet Ram Katwal||BJP|
|34||Kangra||Pawan Kumar Kajal||INC|
|38||Kinnaur||Jagat Singh Negi||INC|
|39||Kullu||Sunder Singh Thakur||INC|
|41||Lahaul & Spiti||Ram Lal Markanda||BJP|
|42||Manali||Govind Singh Thakur||BJP|
|45||Nadaun||Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu||INC|
|48||Nalagarh||Lakhvinder Singh Rana||INC|
|50||Pachhad||Suresh Kumar Kashyap||BJP|
|52||Paonta Sahib||Sukh Ram Chaudhary||BJP|
|54||Rohru||Mohan Lal Brakta||INC|
|55||Sarkaghat||Colonel Inder Singh||BJP|
|56||Seraj||Jai Ram Thakur||BJP|
|60||Shimla Rural||Vikramaditya Singh||INC|
|61||Solan||Colonel(Retd.) Dhani Ram Shandil||INC|
|62||Sri Naina Deviji||Ram Lal Thakur||INC|
|63||Sri Renukaji||Vinay Kumar||INC|
|65||Sullah||Vipin Singh Parmar||BJP|
|66||Sundernagar||Rakesh Kumar Jamwal||BJP|
- "Virbhadra Singh files nomination from Arki constituency". The Economic Times. Press Trust of India. 20 October 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- "Terms of the Houses". eci.nic.in. Election Commission of India/National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "The many firsts in Himachal Pradesh elections: VVPAT, disabled people and women to man 141 booths".
- "In a first, EC to hold mandatory VVPAT count at one polling station of each constituency".
- "At 100, India's first voter Shyam Negi keeps date with V-day". Hindustan Times. 2017-11-09. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
- "Himachal votes: Hikkim, country's highest polling station, records 89% turnout". Hindustan Times. 2017-11-09. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
- "Tibetans living in exile to vote first time in Himachal assembly elections - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-10-14.
- Himachal Pradesh Election Results
- Verma, Gyan (19 October 2017). "BJP releases candidate list for Himachal elections". Mint. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
- "Himachal Pradesh Opinion Poll: BJP all set for a big win, development the key issue". IndiaToday. 24 Oct 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
- "BJP set to sweep Himachal Pradesh, may get 39-45 seats: ABP News opinion poll". ABP Live. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
- "C-Voter survey predicts thumping victory for BJP". Firstpost. 7 November 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2017.