2017 Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly election

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Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly election, 2017

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All 68 seats in the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly
35 seats needed for a majority
Turnout74%
  Majority party Minority party
  Prem Kumar Dhumal.jpg Virbhadra Singh HP.jpg
Leader Prem Kumar Dhumal Virbhadra Singh
Party BJP INC
Leader since 2017 1983
Leader's seat Sujanpur
(lost)
Arki[1]
Last election 26 36
Seats won 44 21
Seat change Increase18 Decrease15
Popular vote 1,846,432 1,577,450
Percentage 48.8% 41.7%
Swing Increase10.33% Decrease1.11%

Chief Minister before election

Virbhadra Singh
INC

Elected Chief Minister

Jai Ram Thakur
BJP

Wahlkreise zur Vidhan Sabha von Himachal Pradesh.svg

The Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 2017 was held on 9 November 2017 to elect all 68 members of the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly.

The term of previous Legislative Assembly ended on 7 January 2018. Since 2013, the Indian National Congress Party was in power in outgoing assembly with 36 seats. The lone opposition party was Bharatiya Janata Party.

The Constitution of India states that the term of Legislative Assemblies is five years, at maximum. The term of current Legislative Assembly ends on 7 January 2018.[2] The previous election, held in 2012 resulted in Congress gaining majority of seats and Virbhadra Singh becoming Chief Minister.

Himachal Pradesh, as a state of India follows Parliamentary system of government similar to other states. The Government is responsible to the Assembly and stays in power only if it has the support of majority members. Elections take place on a first past the post basis, the candidate with the most number of votes wins the seat regardless of absolute majority. Every citizen of the state, who is 18 and above is eligible to vote. The Governor then invites the leader of the largest party or coalition to form the government. As is common in most other first past the post electoral systems, the state's politics are dominated by two parties - the ruling Indian National Congress and the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party.

State elections in India are often fought on central issues, and the results are regarded as a referendum on the central government's policies. This is especially true in the case of states where the two national parties - Congress and BJP are in direct contest with each other. The state units of the parties are not completely independent and the central authority of the parties have a considerable influence over candidate selection and campaigning. However, state issues do tend to dominate the discourse. The Congress party has projected its current Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh as its Chief Ministerial candidate for the elections. BJP announced Prem Kumar Dhumal as their Chief Ministerial candidate. Dhumal lost his seat from Sujanpur constituency.

Preparations for elections[edit]

VVPAT-fitted electronic voting machines were used in all of the 7,521 polling stations, the first time that the entire state will see the implementation of VVPAT to ensure greater transparency to the voter.[3] Over 5 million voters are registered in the state.[4] VVPAT slips were counted in 2 polling stations each across all 68 Himachal Pradesh constituencies.[5]

India's first voter, Shyam Saran Negi, has voted for the 29th time at Kalpa polling station in Kinnaur.[6] The state also has India's highest polling station at Hikkim, and the polling station with the least number of voters (six) at Ka in Kinnaur.[7]

Group of voters Voters population
Male 2,531,321
Female 2,457,032
Third gender 169
Total voters 5,025,541

Tibetan voters[edit]

Indian electoral rules allow any citizen of India above 18 years of age to vote in any states and union territories of India, provided he/she is a resident of that state. India has a large Tibetan diaspora that fled from Tibet along with the Dalai Lama. Dharamshala, a city in Himachal Pradesh, is the capital of the Central Tibetan Administration. The Government has allowed Tibetans born in India between 1950 and 1987 to vote in the elections. This however, does not affect their relationship with the CTA.[8][9]

Candidate list[edit]

BJP declared list of 68 candidates on 18 October 2017 which includes 14 first timers with 21 new faces.[10]

Schedule[edit]

Event Date Day
Date for nominations 16 Oct 2017 Monday
Last date for filing nominations 23 Oct 2017 Monday
Date for scrutiny of nominations 24 Oct 2017 Tuesday
Last date for withdrawal of candidatures 26 Oct 2017 Thursday
Date of poll 9 Nov 2017 Thursday
Date of counting 18 Dec 2017 Monday
Date before which the election shall be completed 20 Dec 2017 Wednesday

Opinion polls[edit]

Polling firm/Commissioner Date published
BJP INC Others
India-Today (Axis) Opinion Poll[11] 24 October 2017 49%
43-47
38%
21-25
13%
0-2
ABP News CSDS[12] 30 October 2017 47%
39-45
41%
22-28
12%
0-3
C-Voter[13] 7 November 2017 50%
52
37%
15
11%
1

Results[edit]

The results were declared on 18 December 2017.[14]

Summary of the 9 November 2017 Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly election results[15]
Himachal Pradesh Legislature 2017.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Won +/−
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 1,846,432 48.8 Increase10.3 44 Increase18
Indian National Congress (INC) 1,577,450 41.7 Decrease1.1 21 Decrease15
Independents 239,989 6.3 Decrease6.1 2 Decrease3
Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) 55,558 1.5 Decrease0.1 1 Increase1
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 18,540 0.5 Decrease0.7 0 Steady
Himachal Lokhit Party (HLP) N/A Decrease2.4 0 Decrease1
None of the Above (NOTA) 34,232 0.9 Increase0.9 N/A
Total 100.00 68 ±0

Results by Constituency[edit]

No. Constituency Winner Candidate Party
1 Anni Kishori Lal BJP
2 Arki Virbhadra Singh INC
3 Baijnath Mulkh Raj Premi BJP
4 Balh Colonel Inder Singh BJP
5 Banjar Surender Shourie BJP
6 Barsar Inder Dutt Lakhanpal INC
7 Bharmour Jia Lal BJP
8 Bhattiyat Bikram Singh Jaryal BJP
9 Bhoranj Kamlesh Kumari BJP
10 Bilaspur Subhash Thakur BJP
11 Chamba Pawan Nayyar BJP
12 Chintpurni Balvir Singh BJP
13 Chopal Balbir Singh Verma BJP
14 Churah Hans Raj BJP
15 Dalhousie Asha Kumari INC
16 Darang Jawahar Thakur BJP
17 Dehra Hoshyar Singh Independent
18 Dharampur Mahender Singh BJP
19 Dharamshala Kishan Kapoor BJP
20 Doon Paramjeet Singh Pammi BJP
21 Fatehpur Sujan Singh Pathania INC
22 Gagret Rajesh Thakur BJP
23 Ghumarwin Rajinder Garg BJP
24 Hamirpur Narinder Thakur BJP
25 Haroli Mukesh Agnihotri INC
26 Indora Reeta Devi BJP
27 Jaisinghpur Ravinder Kumar BJP
28 Jaswan-Pragpur Bikram Singh BJP
29 Jawalamukhi Ramesh Chand Dhawala BJP
30 Jawali Arjun Singh BJP
31 Jhanduta Jeet Ram Katwal BJP
32 Jogindernagar Prakash Rana Independent
33 Jubbal-Kotkhai Narinder Bragta BJP
34 Kangra Pawan Kumar Kajal INC
35 Karsog Hira Lal BJP
36 Kasauli Rajiv Saizal BJP
37 Kasumpti Anirudh Singh INC
38 Kinnaur Jagat Singh Negi INC
39 Kullu Sunder Singh Thakur INC
40 Kutlehar Virender Kanwar BJP
41 Lahaul & Spiti Ram Lal Markanda BJP
42 Manali Govind Singh Thakur BJP
43 Mandi Anil Sharma BJP
44 Nachan Vinod Kumar BJP
45 Nadaun Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu INC
46 Nagrota Arun Kumar BJP
47 Nahan Dr.Rajeev Bindal BJP
48 Nalagarh Lakhvinder Singh Rana INC
49 Nurpur Rakesh Pathania BJP
50 Pachhad Suresh Kumar Kashyap BJP
51 Palampur Ashish Butail INC
52 Paonta Sahib Sukh Ram Chaudhary BJP
53 Rampur Nand Lal INC
54 Rohru Mohan Lal Brakta INC
55 Sarkaghat Colonel Inder Singh BJP
56 Seraj Jai Ram Thakur BJP
57 Shahpur Sarveen Choudhary BJP
58 Shillai Baldev Singh INC
59 Shimla Suresh Bhardwaj BJP
60 Shimla Rural Vikramaditya Singh INC
61 Solan Colonel(Retd.) Dhani Ram Shandil INC
62 Sri Naina Deviji Ram Lal Thakur INC
63 Sri Renukaji Vinay Kumar INC
64 Sujanpur Rajinder Rana INC
65 Sullah Vipin Singh Parmar BJP
66 Sundernagar Rakesh Kumar Jamwal BJP
67 Theog Rakesh Singha CPI(M)
68 Una Satpal Raizada INC

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Virbhadra Singh files nomination from Arki constituency". The Economic Times. Press Trust of India. 20 October 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  2. ^ "Terms of the Houses". eci.nic.in. Election Commission of India/National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  3. ^ "The many firsts in Himachal Pradesh elections: VVPAT, disabled people and women to man 141 booths".
  4. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/shimla/one-day-poll-in-hp-result-on-december-18/articleshow/61063375.cms
  5. ^ "In a first, EC to hold mandatory VVPAT count at one polling station of each constituency".
  6. ^ "At 100, India's first voter Shyam Negi keeps date with V-day". Hindustan Times. 2017-11-09. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
  7. ^ "Himachal votes: Hikkim, country's highest polling station, records 89% turnout". Hindustan Times. 2017-11-09. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
  8. ^ "Tibetans living in exile to vote first time in Himachal assembly elections - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-10-14.
  9. ^ Himachal Pradesh Election Results
  10. ^ Verma, Gyan (19 October 2017). "BJP releases candidate list for Himachal elections". Mint. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  11. ^ "Himachal Pradesh Opinion Poll: BJP all set for a big win, development the key issue". IndiaToday. 24 Oct 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  12. ^ "BJP set to sweep Himachal Pradesh, may get 39-45 seats: ABP News opinion poll". ABP Live. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  13. ^ "C-Voter survey predicts thumping victory for BJP". Firstpost. 7 November 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  14. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/tale-of-two-states-gujarat-trumps-over-himachal-pradesh-on-nota-votes/articleshow/62122042.cms
  15. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/elections/himachal-pradesh-2017/live-updates-himachal-pradesh-legislative-assembly-election-results/article21830225.ece