Prem Kumar Dhumal

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Prem Kumar Dhumal
12th Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh
In office
1 January 2008 – 25 December 2012
Preceded by Virbhadra Singh
Succeeded by Virbhadra Singh
Constituency Bamsan
In office
24 March 1998 – 5 March 2003
Preceded by Virbhadra Singh
Succeeded by Virbhadra Singh
Constituency Hamirpur
Personal details
Born (1944-04-10) 10 April 1944 (age 73)
Village & P.O. Samirpur, Tehsil Bhoranj, Distt. Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh(earlier Punjab, British India
Nationality Indian
Political party Bharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s) Sheela Dhumal
Children two sons, Arun & Anurag
Alma mater M.A. from Doaba College, Jalandhar
LL.B. from Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
Occupation Politician
Profession Teacher

Prem Kumar Dhumal (pronounced [preːmə kʊmaːrə d̪ʱuːmələ]; born 10 April 1944) was the 12th chief minister of Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. He is an Indian politician who has twice been Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh from March 1998 to March 2003 and again from 1 January 2008 to 25 December 2012. Presently, he holds the designation of Leader of Opposition in state assembly.

Early life[edit]

Prem Kumar Dhumal was born on 10 April 1944 in Samirpur village, Hamirpur district. His father was Mahant Ram. Dhumal holds MA and LL.B. degrees following his education at Doaba College in Jalandhar and Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar.[1] He became a lecturer at a private college in Punjab.[2]

Dhumal married Sheela,[1] with whom he has two sons, Arun Thakur and Anurag Thakur. The latter is also a politician and has been a member of the 14th and 15th Lok Sabhas.

Political career[edit]

Dhumal became vice-president of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha in 1982. In 1984, he was selected as the candidate for the Hamirpur parliamentary constituency when the sitting Member of the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly (MLA), and state stalwart Jagdev Chand, refused to stand. Dhumal lost that election, won in 1989 and 1991, and lost the seat to Vikram Singh Katoch in 1996.[2]

After the sudden death of Jagdev Chand in 1993,[citation needed] Dhumal became active in state politics. He was president of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in Himachal Pradesh from 1993 and became the state's Chief Minister in March 1998 after winning the Bamsan constituency of the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly with a margin of 18,000 votes. He headed the BJP-Himachal Vikas Congress coalition government for its full statutory term of five years and became Leader of the Opposition when the BJP lost power in 2003,[2] winning only 16 seats despite support from the NDA Union government.[3]

The period also saw significant infrastructure developments, particularly of roads, and gave rise to Dhumal being called the Sadak walla Chief Minister.[2]

Dhumal resigned his seat in the Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly upon winning the Hamirpur constituency in a 2007 by-election for the Lok Sabha. The by-election came about because of the expulsion of Suresh Chandel, a BJP Member of Parliament who had been involved in a cash-for-questions scandal.[2][4] A further by-election in May 2008 saw Dhumal replaced as MP by his son, Anurag Thakur.[5]

Dhumal became Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh for a second time after being sworn-in on 30 December 2007 after the BJP won that year's assembly elections.[6] The BJP lost power in the 2012 elections.[7]


  1. ^ a b "Hon'ble Minister, Himachal Pradesh". Archived from the original on 2012-04-14. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Dhumal leads BJP to power in HP". 28 December 2007. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  3. ^ Khare, Harish (2 March 2003). "Why Congress won and BJP lost". Retrieved 2015-07-27. 
  4. ^ "HP ex-CM Dhumal wins Hamirpur LS bypoll". Rediff. 5 June 2007. 
  5. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha Members Bioprofile". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  6. ^ "Dhumal sworn in Chief Minister". The Hindu. 31 December 2007. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  7. ^ Rajalakshmi, T. K. (29 December 2012). "Cautious in victory". Frontline. 29 (26). Retrieved 2015-06-12. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Virbhadra Singh
Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh
30 December 2007 - December 2012
Succeeded by
Virbhadra Singh