Hohe Weg (lighthouse)
|Location||offshore, Weser estuary|
|Year first constructed||1856|
|Year first lit||1856|
|Focal height||29 metre|
|Current lens||Fresnel lens|
|Range||19.5 nautical mile, 16.2 nautical mile, 15 nautical mile|
Hohe Weg is an offshore lighthouse in the German Bight, located 25km northwest of Bremerhaven, Germany. It is the oldest fixed offshore lighthouse of the Weser estuary in the Wadden Sea, having been in operation since 1856.
The lighthouse is located on the sandbank of the same name on the left bank of the outer Weser. It is 3km south of the island Mellum and about 20km north of the main land. At high tide, the lighthouse is fully surrounded by water. At low tide, the sandbank emerges which it is part of.
Coastal maps from 1757 indicate the existence of a shipping signal at the location of today’s lighthouse. In 1783 a wooden structure, the Bremer Bake, was built. Due to the increasing shipping traffic to the Weser, initial consultations started in 1824 to explore the construction of a fixed offshore lighthouse. Work started in 1854 and was completed in 1856. The offshore location posed a challenge and work was only possible during low tide, when the sand bank was exposed.
In order to optimize the safety, the lighthouse saw further upgrades between 1960 and 1961 with the installation of a radar system, directional radio antennas and a new casing for the light. In 1973 operation was fully automated and the lighthouse keeper withdrawn.
In 2006, the German post office issued a special 55ct stamp to commemorate its 150th anniversary.
The lighthouse contains some space that can be used as emergency shelter by hikers in the Wadden sea in case of a rising tide.
- "Hoheweg". www.wsa-bremerhaven.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-03-05.
- Lang, Arend Wilhelm (1965). Geschichte des Seezeichenwesens. Entwicklung, Aufbau und Verwaltung des Seezeichenwesens an der deutschen Nordseeküste bis zur Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Bonn: Bundesministerium für Verkehr. p. 10.
- "Hohe Weg". www.wsv.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-03-05.
- Bartl, Andreas. "Leuchttürme: Neuland und Hohe Weg - briefmarken-archiv.de". www.briefmarken-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-03-05.