Homelessness in Israel
Homelessness in Israel is a phenomenon that mostly developed after the mid-1980s. As of 2014, there are an estimated 1,831 homeless individuals in Israel, about 600 of them living on the streets of Tel Aviv. This makes up 0.02% of the country's population, a low figure compared to other developed nations.
Some 2,000 families in Israel lose their homes every year after defaulting on their mortgage loans. However, a law amendment passed in 2009 protects the rights of mortgage debtors and insures that they are not evicted after failing to meet mortgage payments. The amendment is part of a wider reform in the law in the wake of a lengthy battle by the Association for Civil Rights in Israel and other human rights groups. 
The number of homeless youngsters is on the rise. More than 25% of all homeless youth in 2007 were girls, compared to 15% in 2004. A report by Elem, a non-profit organization that helps youth at risk, pointed to a 5% rise in the number of youths either homeless or wandering the streets late at night while their parents worked or due to strained relations at home. The organization estimated that in 2007 it provided programs or temporary shelter to roughly 32,000 youths in some 30 locations countrywide. 
Homelessness has increased since the wave of Soviet immigration in 1991. As many as 70 percent of homeless people in Tel Aviv are immigrants from the former Soviet Union, nearly all of them men. According to homeless shelter founder Gilad Harish, "when the recession hit Israel in the early 90s, the principle of 'last in, first out' kicked in, and many Russian immigrants lost their jobs. Being new to the country, they didn't have a strong family support system to fall back on like other Israelis do. Some ended up on the street with nowhere to go."
- Willem Van Vliet (1990). International Handbook of Housing Policies and Practices. Greenwood Press. p. 529.
- http://www.molsa.gov.il/CommunityInfo/ResearchAndEvaluation/tb_ResearchesAndPublications/2015%20-דוח%20סופי%20מיפוי%20דרי%20רחוב.pdf, p. 97
- Yael Branovsky (2009-05-05). "Report: Israel fails to care for homeless". Ynetnews.
- Mortgage debtors will not remain homeless
- Number of homeless female teenagers soar
- Israeli cultural critic takes homeless problem into his own hands
- Toby Appleton Perl (11-05-07). "Israeli Artists Zoom In on Commercial Success". The Jewish Daily Forward. Check date values in: