Horní Planá

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Horní Planá
View from Lipno reservoir
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region South Bohemian
District Český Krumlov
Commune Český Krumlov
Municipality Horní Planá
Elevation 776 m (2,546 ft)
Coordinates 48°46′2.5″N 14°1′57.27″E / 48.767361°N 14.0325750°E / 48.767361; 14.0325750Coordinates: 48°46′2.5″N 14°1′57.27″E / 48.767361°N 14.0325750°E / 48.767361; 14.0325750
Area 99.26 km2 (38.32 sq mi)
Population 2,287 (2005)
Density 23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Mayor Jiří Hůlka
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 382 26
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Horní Planá
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.horniplana.cz

Horní Planá (German: Oberplan) is a town in Český Krumlov District, in South Bohemia, Czech Republic.


Town centre

The town is situated in the Bohemian Forest on the southeastern rim of the Šumava National Park, located on the northern shore of the Lipno Dam reservoir, south of the Boletice Military Training Area. Its picturesque setting, already perpetuated by the native poet Adalbert Stifter (1805–1868), makes it a popular destination for daytrippers. Beyond the Lipno reservoir, a densely forested area with several abandoned villages stretches up to the Vltava-Danube drainage divide (part of the main European Watershed) and the border with Austria at a distance of about 7 km (4 mi).


Horní Planá was part of the estates of Zlatá Koruna Abbey, founded by the Přemyslid king Ottokar II of Bohemia in 1263. It was vested with market rights by King Charles IV in 1349. Secularised during the Hussite Wars in 1420, it was incorporated into the Lordship of Český Krumlov, then held by the House of Rosenberg (Rožmberkové). The Rosenberg insignia were adopted in the town's coat of arms, awarded by the Holy Roman emperor and King of Bohemia Maximilian II in 1568.

The town received access to the United Bohemian Forest railway line from České Budějovice to the Černý Kříž railhub in 1892. Until 1945 the local population predominantly consisted of Sudeten Germans.

In October 1938, the Donau-Zeitung reported about the German Oberst Schlemmer and his Gebirgsjägerregiment 100 crossing into Glöckelberg, six km from Oberplan. Shortly before 2 pm, Generaloberst Leeb, commander of XIII. Armeekorps, and Ritter von Schubert, commander of VII Armeekorps, arrived by car to cross the border right in front of these men.[1] Oberplan was annexed by Nazi Germany upon the 1938 Munich Agreement and incorporated into the Reichsgau Oberdonau.

In May 1945, US troops under command of Major General Stafford LeRoy Irwin captured the community.[2] After World War II, it was restored to the Czechoslovak Republic, while the remaining German population was expelled.

Notable people[edit]

Adalbert Stifter's birthplace


  1. ^ Anna Rosmus Hitlers Nibelungen, Samples Grafenau 2015, p. 185
  2. ^ Anna Rosmus Hitlers Nibelungen, Samples Grafenau 2015, p. 185

External links[edit]