Soorts-Hossegor

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Soorts-Hossegor
Hossegor June 2006.jpg
Coat of arms of Soorts-Hossegor
Coat of arms
Location of Soorts-Hossegor
Soorts-Hossegor is located in France
Soorts-Hossegor
Soorts-Hossegor
Soorts-Hossegor is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Soorts-Hossegor
Soorts-Hossegor
Coordinates: 43°39′34″N 1°25′36″W / 43.6594°N 1.4267°W / 43.6594; -1.4267Coordinates: 43°39′34″N 1°25′36″W / 43.6594°N 1.4267°W / 43.6594; -1.4267
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentLandes
ArrondissementDax
CantonMarensin Sud
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2013) Xavier Gaudio
Area
1
14.51 km2 (5.60 sq mi)
Population
(2013)2
3,826
 • Density260/km2 (680/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
40304 /40150
Elevation0–55 m (0–180 ft)
(avg. 10 m or 33 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Soorts-Hossegor (Sòrts e Òssagòr in Occitan) is a commune in the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France, 20 km (12 miles) north of Biarritz.

It is a well known seaside resort that is considered to have some of the best surfing in the world. The city's economy is centered around surfing. Its inhabitants are called Hossegoriens.

Name[edit]

In 1913, the town associates with its name of Soorts the toponym of Hossegor, came from the name of its marine lake.

The root of Soorts is probably closer to that of « Sorde », the verb gascon sórder or sordar, sourdre, meaning "where there are sources".

We also compare with Sor (Ariège, Sort) and Sort-en-Chalosse (Landes) from the same Gascon etymon.

Hossegor is more obscure: it may be an Aquitain or Basque name to be attached to the hydronyms « osse », and the adjective «gorri »,meaning "dry water".

History[edit]

Hossegor became seaside resort in the early twentieth century. It is located between the cities of Biarritz and Arcachon.

Initially, it attracted wealthy visitors from large cities like Paris.

Some noteworthy visitors to Soorts-Hossegor include the J.-H. Rosny in 1903 and Paul Margueritte in 1909.

Other personalities will later join them, like Charles Derennes in 1913, then Maxime Leroy, Gaston Chérau, Pierre Benoit, Tristan Dereme or Leon Blum in 1920.

After the Second World War, the town attracted a wider selection of visitors, including industrialists, academics and doctors. From the 1920s, real estate programs increased the arrival of tourists in the resort.

Some architects of the time became famous and embarked on many architectural projects. For example In the early 1930s, the Gomez brothers built the « Place des Landais », it was the first development of the waterfront in the town.

This seafront was very original for the time. Indeed, the two architects with a néo basque architectural style build aligned villas called "en bande".

Many hotels were built at that time, such as « Les Hortensias du Lac », a four-star luxury hotel with an extraordinary view on the marine lake, and « the Mercedes », a three-star hotel near the city center overlooking the canal.

The Sporting Casino was built in those years, it attracted an elegant and wealthy clientele. Today, it hosts various exhibitions and events. It has also become an influential sports complex with its swimming pool, tennis courts and a miniature golf.

Since the late 1990s, ultra-modern villas have been built in the resort.

Privileged individuals build huge villas near the lake and golf in the same architectural style.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Soorts-Hossegor (1981–2010 averages, extremes 1954–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
28.9
(84)
30.0
(86)
34.0
(93.2)
36.5
(97.7)
40.6
(105.1)
41.0
(105.8)
40.5
(104.9)
39.0
(102.2)
33.9
(93)
29.0
(84.2)
24.2
(75.6)
41.0
(105.8)
Average high °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
13.3
(55.9)
16.1
(61)
17.6
(63.7)
21.1
(70)
23.6
(74.5)
25.8
(78.4)
26.3
(79.3)
24.5
(76.1)
20.6
(69.1)
15.2
(59.4)
12.3
(54.1)
19.1
(66.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.8
(46)
8.7
(47.7)
11.1
(52)
12.9
(55.2)
16.4
(61.5)
19.2
(66.6)
21.3
(70.3)
21.6
(70.9)
19.3
(66.7)
15.9
(60.6)
11.1
(52)
8.4
(47.1)
14.5
(58.1)
Average low °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
4.0
(39.2)
6.1
(43)
8.1
(46.6)
11.7
(53.1)
14.7
(58.5)
16.8
(62.2)
16.9
(62.4)
14.0
(57.2)
11.1
(52)
6.9
(44.4)
4.6
(40.3)
9.9
(49.8)
Record low °C (°F) −13.3
(8.1)
−12.9
(8.8)
−8.0
(17.6)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.0
(33.8)
5.1
(41.2)
7.5
(45.5)
8.3
(46.9)
3.8
(38.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
−6.6
(20.1)
−10.2
(13.6)
−13.3
(8.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 105.8
(4.165)
85.2
(3.354)
75.6
(2.976)
97.4
(3.835)
83.6
(3.291)
67.6
(2.661)
56.2
(2.213)
74.6
(2.937)
91.6
(3.606)
116.9
(4.602)
154.0
(6.063)
116.6
(4.591)
1,125.1
(44.295)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 13.0 11.0 11.1 12.8 11.2 8.7 7.3 7.9 9.0 11.8 13.2 12.8 129.9
Source: Météo France[1]

Sports and Events[edit]

Municipal Stadium Soorts-Hossegor.

Every year, at the end of September, the greatest surfers of the world meet on the beaches of Hossegor to compete in a race counting for the pro world championships: the Quiksilver Pro France. The French Surf Federation has its headquarters in Hossegor. Surfing is a big attraction for visitors and a very important tourist activity for Hossegor.

It has long been one of the premier surfing locations in Europe, with a series of world-class beach breaks such as Gravière and La Nord, and with nearby beach breaks in Capbreton and Seignosse such as La Piste and Bourdaines.

In Hossegor there is also a large lake where many water activities can be enjoyed. The Landes forest is popular with nature lovers and cyclists.

Each summer also takes place the « Grand Prix des Landes golf » on Hossegor golf. The Hossegor Golf Club is in the national league for both men's and women's golfers.

Golf is a popular activity in the Soorts-Hossegor region (and elsewhere on the Atlantic coast around Biarritz). Other sports available in the town are diving, tennis, horse riding and Basque pelote.

Another event of the station takes place during the pascal weekend, the sale of clothes "spirit surf"; more than 100,000 people find themselves in the craft zone where the European headquarters of brands such as Rip Curl and Billabong are located, looking to purchase sport clothes.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793197—    
1806217+10.2%
1821224+3.2%
1831246+9.8%
1841266+8.1%
1851294+10.5%
1861308+4.8%
1872339+10.1%
1881381+12.4%
1891414+8.7%
1901386−6.8%
1911400+3.6%
1921404+1.0%
1931921+128.0%
19461,175+27.6%
19541,358+15.6%
19621,755+29.2%
19682,071+18.0%
19752,248+8.5%
19822,544+13.2%
19902,829+11.2%
19993,292+16.4%
20083,672+11.5%
20133,826+4.2%

The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the census of the population carried since 1793. From 2006, this investigation are conducted by INSEE and published annually. In 2015, the town had 3 823 inhabitants, an increase of 2.69% compared to 2010

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Soorts-Hossego (40)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2018.

External links[edit]