Indigenous peoples in Bolivia

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Indigenous Bolivians
Aymara ceremony copacabana 1.jpg
Aymara ceremony with wiphalas in Copacabana, near Lake Titicaca in Bolivia, 2010
Regions with significant populations
 Bolivia Approx. 6,485,853
62% of Bolivia's population[1]
Aymara, Quechua, Guarani, Spanish, and other Indigenous languages
Roman Catholicism, Evangelicalism, Irreligion, Native religions
Related ethnic groups
Mestizos in Bolivia, other Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní peoples

Indigenous peoples in Bolivia, or Native Bolivians, are Bolivian people who are of indigenous ancestry. They constitute approximately 62% of Bolivia's population of 10,461,053[2] and belong to 36 recognized ethnic groups. Aymara and Quechua are the largest groups.[1] The geography of Bolivia includes the Andes, the Gran Chaco, and the Amazon Rainforest.

Indigenous Bolivians are the majority ethnic group in Bolivia, accounting for 62% of the country's population. An additional 30% of the population is mestizo, having mixed European and indigenous ancestry.[2]


Lands collectively held by Indigenous Bolivians are Native Community Lands or Tierras Comunitarias de Origen (TCOs). These lands encompass 11 million hectares,[1] and include communities such as Kaa-Iya del Gran Chaco National Park and Integrated Management Natural Area, Isiboro Sécure National Park and Indigenous Territory, Pilón Lajas Biosphere Reserve and Communal Lands, and the Yuki-Ichilo River Native Community Lands.


In 1991, the Bolivian government signed Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989, a major binding international convention protecting indigenous rights. On 7 November 2007, the government passed Law No. 3760 which approved of UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.[1]



Precolumbian cultures[edit]

Contemporary groups[edit]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d "Indigenous peoples in Bolivia." International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs. Retrieved 2 Dec 2013.
  2. ^ a b "CIA - The World Factbook -- Bolivia". CIA. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao "Languages of Bolivia." Ethnologue. Retrieved 2 Dec 2013.