Invasion U.S.A. (1985 film)
|Directed by||Joseph Zito|
|Screenplay by||James Bruner|
|Story by||Aaron Norris|
|Produced by||Menahem Golan|
|Edited by||Daniel Loewenthal|
|Music by||Jay Chattaway|
|Distributed by||Cannon Releasing Corporation|
|Box office||$17.5 million (US)|
Invasion U.S.A. is a 1985 American action film produced by Cannon Films, and starring Chuck Norris. It was directed by Joseph Zito. It involves the star fighting off a force of Soviet/Cuban-led guerrillas.
Both Chuck Norris and his brother, Aaron, were involved in the writing. It was made in the greater Atlanta area of Georgia, and Fort Pierce, Florida. Miami landmarks such as Dadeland Mall and Miracle Mile can also be seen in the film. The 1986 film Avenging Force was originally intended as a sequel until Chuck Norris turned it down. It was instead made as a standalone film starring Michael Dudikoff, sharing only the protagonist's name.
A group of Cuban refugees is on a boat sailing for the United States and is at first met by what appears to be a US Coast Guard boat with armed personnel. The captain of the vessel declares that the refugees are welcomed to the United States, but the Guardsmen open fire on them and take several bags of cocaine hidden in the boat. It is revealed that the armed personnel were Latin American guerrillas disguised as Guardsmen on board a hijacked Coast Guard vessel.
Eventually, the Coast Guard finds the boat with the murdered American Coast Guardsmen off the coast of Florida. The FBI and the Miami Police Department arrive at the docks to investigate the murders. The guerrillas land in Florida and exchange the drugs for weaponry from a drug dealer. They are led by the Soviet operative Mikal Rostov (Richard Lynch), the fake Coast Guard captain who opened fire on the Cuban refugees. Former CIA agent Matt Hunter (Norris) is asked to come out of retirement, but he declines. When Rostov and a team of guerrillas destroy Hunter's residence in the Everglades and kill his friend, John Eagle (Dehl Berti) in a failed assassination attempt, Hunter is convinced to reconsider.
Later that day, hundreds of additional guerrillas land on the beaches of Southern Florida and move inland using several pre-positioned trucks. The guerrillas begin their assault by destroying suburban homes. Another group of guerrillas impersonating Miami police officers attacks a community center full of Cuban expatriates in Miami. When a squad car with genuine Miami policemen drives by to investigate the gunfire, the survivors angrily start vandalizing their car and leave the police perplexed. The FBI has no idea who is behind the attacks, but Hunter and the CIA believe that Rostov is behind the attacks. As terrorist acts continue in Miami, race riots and general chaos develop within the city, just as the terrorists planned.
Later that night, the guerrillas start a shootout and bomb threat at a mall at which people are doing their Christmas shopping. During the attack, Hunter, having shaken down an informant, comes into the mall and takes down the guerrillas one by one. US National Guard troops are called up, martial law is declared, and armed civilians organize to protect their communities from further guerrilla attacks. Hunter continues pursuing the terrorists, stops their plans to bomb a church, kills Rostov's right-hand man Nikko (Alexander Zale) right before the latter can initiate a public massacre, and saves a school bus full of children from a bomb. However, after arriving at a carnival bombed by the terrorists, Hunter realizes that they are spread out too far for him to stem the tide of their attacks effectively and so devises an alternative plan.
Alarmed by the threat, the government establishes a special theater command for the Southeastern United States with the headquarters at the Georgia-Pacific Tower in Atlanta. At the command center, all 50 state governors and military officials meet to stop the terror attacks. The FBI takes Hunter into custody for vigilantism against the terrorists, and he is taken to the command center, where he goads Rostov on national television to come out and kill him. Rostov orders all the guerrillas to assault the center in a mass attack, but they find no one inside. Hunter's arrest was a trap, and the National Guard arrives with tanks and troops, which hems the assailants in. While the battle rages outside, Hunter finally comes face-to-face with Rostov and kills him with an M72 LAW. The terror crisis ends when the few remaining guerrillas on the street surrender to the National Guard.
- Chuck Norris as CIA Agent Matt Hunter
- Richard Lynch as Mikal Rostov
- Melissa Prophet as Dahlia McGuire
- Alexander Zale as Nikko Kador
- Alex Colon as Tomas
- Eddie Jones as FBI Agent-In-Charge Cassidy
- Jon DeVries as FBI Agent Johnston
- James O'Sullivan as FBI Agent Harper
- Billy Drago as Mickey Seidman
- Jaime Sánchez as Castillo
- Dehl Berti as John Eagle
- Stephen Markle as Flynn
- Shane McCamey as Kurt Schnell
- Martin Shakar as CIA Agent Adams
- James Pax as Koyo Gotoda
The film was the first in a six-film contract Chuck Norris signed with Cannon Films following the success of the Missing in Action films.
Norris said he got the idea to make the film after reading an article in Reader's Digest that said hundreds of terrorists were running loose in the United States. "I thought, 'Boy, that's scary,' " he said. " 'What if some guy on the order of a Khomeini or a Khadafi mobilized those guys and started sending them out to every major city?'... I know it's going to happen, and even in the movie, the head terrorist says, 'It's so easy because of the freedom of movement in this country.' So we're really accessible to this. The movie is not meant to scare people, but to make us aware of a potential problem."
"We're trying to make a statement here", he added. "This is about the people of the United States."
The film was given a $12 million budget, twice what Norris films had normally gotten before. There was a sequence in the everglades costing $2 million. Norris' fee was almost $2 million. Shooting took ten weeks.
Norris says he wanted the role of the female journalist to be played by Whoopi Goldberg who had been an extra in A Force of One. Goldberg was enthusiastic, she had recently been cast in The Color Purple. However, the director overruled Norris. "Needless to say I have never used that director again", wrote Norris later.
According to the documentary on Cannon Films, Electric Boogaloo: The Wild, Untold Story of Cannon Films, the scene where terrorists destroy homes in a suburb with rocket launchers featured explosions in actual houses. Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport was going to bulldoze an entire suburban neighborhood to extend a runway, so the filmmakers were allowed to destroy the existing homes. Similarly, part of Avondale Mall was being rebuilt, so the filmmakers were allowed to destroy everything in the actual mall.
Norris said this sequence cost $5 million. "There are tanks firing, and helicopters flying among the real buildings", he said. "It's a battle like in Gone with the Wind, one of the best action battle scenes that's ever been done so far."
The film debuted at number one at the box office with $6.9 million.
Roger Ebert gave the film 0.5 stars out of 4 and called it "a brain-damaged, idiotic thriller, not even bad enough to be laughable." Vincent Canby of The New York Times called the film "a 'Wake Up, America!' movie of a goofiness to make one long for the sanity and conviction of John Milius's Red Dawn," adding that though Chuck Norris "seemed on the verge of becoming a kind of benign Clint Eastwood character, he loses all credibility in this awful film. Even though Mr. Norris collaborated on the screenplay and helped to choose the director (Joseph Zito), the movie treats him as if it wanted to prove that he has absolutely no future on the screen." Variety wrote, "A brainless plot would be almost forgivable were it not for the perverse depiction of innocents butchered in Invasion U.S.A. Star Chuck Norris, who co-wrote the script and has recently chiseled a popular niche with his 'Missing in Action' and 'Code of Silence' pictures, hits his nadir with this vicious-minded commodity from the Cannon Group. The 'Rambo' audience will blink at this one. Yes, it will make some money." Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film 1 star out of 4 and wrote that it "has a terrific premise but no script." Michael Wilmington of the Los Angeles Times called it "a brutal, one-note, sadistic affair (though it has, to its credit, non-stop action, a good score and a chilling performance by Lynch)." Paul Attanasio of The Washington Post wrote, "'Invasion USA' might actually be fun in a campy way if it weren't so dourly exploitative", and called Norris "an actor whose most evocative facial expression is his beard."
On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 18% based on 22 reviews. On Metacritic the film has a weighted average score of 29 out of 100, based on 8 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". Like many Cannon films, it developed a cult following.
Norris later said some sequences were "a little . . . too much. You see, when you're making a movie, it takes over five months. Not until you bring it down to an hour and an half do you see just what you've done. It was . . . too much, unfortunately."
- A novelization was released in October 1985 by Pinnacle Books.
- Jay Chattaway's score was released by Varèse Sarabande on LP in 1985. It was later re-released, remastered with many minutes of new material, on CD in 2008 from Intrada Records. This was a limited edition of 1,000 copies.
- SPIN – Google Books. September 1985. Retrieved 2013-09-28.
- Maslin, J. (Apr 26, 1985). "AT THE MOVIES". New York Times. ProQuest 425368258.
- Andrew Yule (1987). Hollywood a Go-Go: The True Story of the Cannon Film Empire. Sphere Books. p. 111.
- Invasion U.S.A. at Box Office Mojo
- "Longtime King Of The Karate Flicks Is Finally Winning Over The Critics". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2010-12-04.
- "Chuck Norris Is An All-out Star, With The Scars To Prove It". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2010-12-04.
- McCormick, James (11 May 2017). "Ninjas, Break Dancing and Filmmaking: An Interview With Director Sam Firstenberg". That's Not Current. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "CHUCK NORRIS SIGNS A 6-MOVIE CONTRACT". Philadelphia Inquirer. Mar 17, 1985. ProQuest 1823063591.
- Klemesrud, J. (Sep 28, 1985). "NORRIS ENJOYING NEWFOUND ACCLAIM FOR ROLES IN ACTION-PACKED MOVIES". Sun Sentinel. ProQuest 389649438.
- BROESKE, P. H. (May 19, 1985). "CHUCK NORRIS--AN ALL-AMERICAN HIT". Los Angeles Times. ProQuest 154169712.
- Norris, Chuck; Abraham, Ken (2006). Against all odds : my story. Broadman & Holman Publishers. p. 137.
- Klemesrud, J. (Sep 5, 1985). "LONGTIME KING OF THE KARATE FLICKS IS FINALLY WINNING OVER THE CRITICS". Orlando Sentinel. ProQuest 276613906.
- "Invasion U.S.A. conquers boxoffice". Toronto Star. AP. Oct 3, 1985. ProQuest 435365834.
- Ebert, Roger (September 27, 1985). "Invasion U.S.A. movie review". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
- Canby, Vincent (September 27, 1985). "Film: 'Invasion U.S.A.'" The New York Times. C6.
- "Film Reviews: Invasion U.S.A.'" Variety. September 25, 1985. 14.
- Siskel, Gene (September 27, 1985). "'Invasion U.S.A.' is not worth repelling". Chicago Tribune. Section 7, page C.
- Wilmington, Michael (September 27, 1985). "Invasion U.S.A." Los Angeles Times. Part VI, p. 8.
- Attanasio, Paul (September 28, 1985). "Fizzled 'Invasion'". The Washington Post. G2.
- "Invasion U.S.A." Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
- "Invasion U.S.A (1985) reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 4, 2020.
- Mike McGrady (Nov 30, 1986). "Chuck Norris: A Hero Hazards Comedy". Newsday. p. 9.