Iraqi Accord Front

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Iraqi Accord Front
Jabhet Al-Tawafuq Al-'Iraqiyah
جبهة التوافق العراقية
Founded2005 (2005)
Ideology(Sunni) Islam
Seats in the Council of Representatives of Iraq:
6 / 328
Seats in the local governorate councils:
32 / 440
Official website

The Iraqi Accord Front or Iraqi Accordance Front (Arabic: جبهة التوافق العراقية Jabhet Al-Tawafuq Al-'Iraqiyah) also known as Tawafuq is an Iraqi Sunni political coalition created on October 26, 2005 by the Iraqi Islamic Party to contest the December 2005 general election. As a large section of Iraq's Sunnis are composed by the populous Kurds, situated in northern Iraq and locally autonomous, the party's members are mostly Arab, and as such, its political efforts have largely been focused on protecting this community's interests as opposed to Iraq's non-Sunni population. In the 2005 election, its platform called for ending the US occupation of Iraq, revision of the new Iraqi constitution, repeal of the de-Ba'athification laws that had cost many Sunnis their government jobs and the restoration of the Iraqi Army, which was dissolved after the US overthrow of Saddam Hussein and which had a Sunni dominated officer corps. Despite this, the party has maintained that it is non-secular, even though the Ba'ath Party contained many prominent Sunnis.[1]


The Accordance Front was initially led by Adnan al-Dulaimi of the General Council for the People of Iraq. Ayad al-Samarrai replaced Adnan al-Dulaimi as leader in July 2007.[2] In May 2009 Harith al-Obeidi was elected leader but was assassinated by terrorists weeks later.[3]


In April 2010 Taha al-Liheibi a member of the Accordance Front was injured in the Green Zone in Baghdad.[4]

The Accordance Front withdrew from Nouri al-Maliki's government in August 2007 but rejoined in April 2008.[5]

In December 2008 the Iraqi National Dialogue Council withdrew from the Accordance Front.[6]

December 2005 Parliamentary Election[edit]

In the December 2005 parliamentary election the Accordance Front consisted of:


The Accordance Front received 15.1% of the vote and 44 out of 275 seats, coming third overall to the United Iraqi Alliance and the Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan.

March 2010 Parliamentary Election[edit]

Prior to the 2010 Iraqi parliamentary election, a number of components left the Front to join other political coalitions. In particular:[7]

The remaining Front parties were:[8][9]


Tawafuq's overall performance was disappointing as they dropped from Iraq's third biggest list, in 2005 with 1,840,216 (14.85%) votes to Iraq's seventh list in 2010, with 298,226 (2.59%) and from 44 (out of 275) seats in 2005 to a mere 6 (out of 325) seats in 2010. They remained the second largest list in Sunni Arab areas, after Ayad Allawi's secular al-Iraqiyya List.

Governorate Votes Percentage Seats Won Total Seats
Anbar 56,171 11.89% 2 14
Babil 8,520 1.45% 0 16
Baghdad 53,413 2.10% 1 68
Basra 16,511 2.03% 0 24
Diyala 23,463 4.67% 0 13
Kerkuk 15,037 2.70% 0 12
Muthanna 666 0.29% 0 7
Ninawa 64,204 6.09% 1 31
Salah ad-Din 60,241 12.32% 2 12
Total: 298,226 2.59% 6 325


  1. ^ BBC | Guide to Iraqi Political Parties
  2. ^ Iraqi Political Crisis Near End as Tawafuq Chief Quits, New York Sun, 2007-07-06
  3. ^ Campaigning Iraqi MP Harith al Obeidi shot dead outside Baghdad mosque, The Times, 2009-06-12
  4. ^ US admits Green Zone is no longer safe
  5. ^ Iraq Sunni bloc quits coalition, Al-Jazeera, 2007-08-01
  6. ^ Iraq's Main Sunni Arab Bloc Splinters
  7. ^ The biggest loser Archived 2012-04-20 at the Wayback Machine, Niqash, 4 April 2010, accessed on 1 January 2012.
  8. ^ Political alliances ahead of Iraq's 2010 election
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-09. Retrieved 2010-03-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)