The 2000–01 Iraqi Elite League was the 27th season of the competition since its foundation in 1974. The name of the league was changed from Iraqi First Division to Iraqi Elite League. Instead of relegating teams from the 1999–2000 season and promoting teams from the lower division in order to decide which teams were playing in the competition, the Iraq Football Association decided that every team in the country from every division should play qualifying games in order to decide who participated.
The qualifying rounds saw a total of 135 teams being split into groups based on geographical position, all competing for the 16 places in the league. After all the qualifiers were over, the league competition itself was played and was 30 rounds long. This made it too difficult to schedule the 2000–01 Iraq FA Cup, so that competition was cancelled. In the end, Al-Zawraa won their third league title in a row, finishing a comfortable eight points clear of their rivals.