Irish general election, 1943

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Irish general election, 1943

← 1938 23 June 1943 1944 →

137 of 138 seats in Dáil Éireann
70 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 74.2%

  First party Second party
  Eamon de Valera c 1922-30.jpg William Thomas Cosgrave.jpg
Leader Éamon de Valera W. T. Cosgrave
Party Fianna Fáil Fine Gael
Leader since 26 March 1926 September 1934
Leader's seat Clare Cork Borough
Last election 77 seats, 51.9% 45 seats, 33.3%
Seats before 77 44
Seats won 67 32
Seat change Decrease10 Decrease12
Popular vote 557,525 307,490
Percentage 41.9% 23.1%
Swing Decrease10.0% Decrease10.2%

  Third party Fourth party
  No image.svg No image.svg
Leader William Norton Michael Donnellan
Party Labour Party Clann na Talmhan
Leader since 1932 1938
Leader's seat Kildare Galway East
Last election 9 seats, 10.0% Did not stand
Seats before 9 N/A
Seats won 17 10
Seat change Increase8 Increase10
Popular vote 208,812 130,452
Percentage 15.7% 9.0%
Swing Increase5.7% New party

Irish general election 1943.png
Percentage of seats gained by each of the three major parties, and number of seats gained by smaller parties and independents.

Taoiseach before election

Éamon de Valera
Fianna Fáil

Subsequent Taoiseach

Éamon de Valera
Fianna Fáil

The Irish general election of 1943 was held on 23 June 1943, having been called on 31 May by proclamation of President Douglas Hyde on the instruction of Taoiseach Éamon de Valera. It took place in 34 parliamentary constituencies for 138 seats in Dáil Éireann the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament). Fianna Fáil lost its overall majority of seats. The newly elected members of the 11th Dáil assembled on 1 July when the Éamon de Valera was re-elected Taoiseach at the head of a minority Fianna Fáil government.

Exceptionally, because of the state of emergency arising from the Second World War, the outgoing Dáil was not dissolved until after the election, although it did not meet after 26 May.[1] The Emergency Powers Act 1939 was in force, and concomitant press censorship affected the campaign.

Result[edit]

11th Irish general election – 23 June 1943[2][3][4][5]
Party Leader Seats ± % of
seats
First Pref
votes
% FPv ±%
Fianna Fáil Éamon de Valera 67 –10 48.6 557,525 41.9 –10.0
Fine Gael W. T. Cosgrave 32 –13 23.2 307,490 23.1 –10.2
Labour Party William Norton 17 +8 12.3 208,812 15.7 +5.7
Clann na Talmhan Michael Donnellan 10 New 7.2 130,452 9.8
Monetary Reform Party Oliver J. Flanagan 1 New 0.7 4,377 0.3
Córas na Poblachta Simon Donnelly 0 New 0 3,892 0.3
Ailtirí na hAiséirghe 0 New 0 3,137 0.2
Independent N/A 11 +4 7.3 116,024 8.7 +4.0
Spoilt votes 16,198
Total 138 0 100 1,347,907 100
Electorate/Turnout 1,816,142 74.2%

Voting summary[edit]

First preference vote
Fianna Fáil
41.86%
Fine Gael
23.09%
Labour
15.68%
Clann na Talmhan
9.80%
Others
0.86%
Independent
8.71%

Seats summary[edit]

Assembly seats
Fianna Fáil
48.55%
Fine Gael
23.19%
Labour
12.32%
Clann na Talmhan
7.25%
Monetary Reform
0.72%
Independent
7.97%

First time TDs[edit]

Outgoing TDs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ de Valera, Éamon (26 May 1943). "The General Election: Announcement by Taoiseach". pp. Vol.90 No.5 p.19 c.562. Retrieved 27 March 2018. the Dáil will rise to–day. ... It is my intention to advise the President so that on the 31st May he may issue his direction for the holding of a general election. His proclamation may be issued on the 31st May. ... the 22nd June [sic] will be the polling day and then the outgoing Dáil, the present Dáil, would have to be dissolved not later than 8th July. The House is aware that it will be dissolved as soon as the Clerk of the Dáil is able to inform us that he has got returns for all the writs. 
  2. ^ "11th Dáil 1943 General Election". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  3. ^ "Dáil elections since 1918". ARK Northern Ireland. Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  4. ^ Manning (1972) notes that the Clann na Talmhan figure is often listed in error as 14, due to the inclusion of Independent Farmer TDs in the CnaT total.
  5. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, pp1009-1017 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7

Sources[edit]

  • Manning, Maurice, 1972. Irish Political Parties: An Introduction. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-7171-0536-6