|Also known as||Jacky|
December 2, 1947 |
|Origin||Brooklyn, New York, United States|
|Genres||Jewish rock, rock and roll, rhythm and blues, soul, Middle Eastern|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, drums|
|Associated acts||Les Variations, Baal Shem Tov Band, Raaya Mehemna|
Isaac “Jacky” Bitton (born 2 December 1947) is a Moroccan-born French-American Jewish musician. Initially gaining fame as the drummer for secular rock band Les Variations, Bitton became a baal teshuva through Chabad in the late 1970s and subsequently began a career in contemporary Jewish music.
Born in Casablanca, Morocco, Bitton moved from Morocco to France alone at the age of 18. Together with his friends, he formed a rock group and played locally until getting noticed in 1969. Les Variations opened for some of the top billed rockers of the day, such as Bachman–Turner Overdrive, Kiss, The Jimi Hendrix Experience, Cream, Taste and Aerosmith.
Having a close affinity to his Jewish roots, Bitton always wore the Star of David around his neck while performing.
Les Variations' end
By the end of 1975, Les Variations, with their new singer Robert Fitoussi, were nearing a deal to tour with the Rolling Stones. The deal did not come to fruition, however, because the singer soon left the group. Bitton took the opportunity to go to New York, where he met the Lubavitcher Rebbe for the first time.
Music career after Les Variations: crossover into modern Jewish music
In 1977, the Baal Shem Tov Band (BSTB) was formed at the Lubavitch Rabbinical College of America, in Morristown, New Jersey, as part of an outreach program to college students. The regular members included Menachem Schmidt(snare drum), Tzvi Freeman (acoustic guitar), Moshe Morgenstern (cello), and business and equipment manager Shlomo Sawilowsky. They were occasionally complemented by a violinist and a flutist who attended the College. Subsequently, Bitton, who had moved to the nearby Crown Heights section of Brooklyn, New York, joined and completed the group.
With the addition of Bitton, Schmidt was able to move to lead guitar, Freeman to rhythm guitar, and Morgenstern to bass guitar. The combination of Schmidt's creative genius and powerful rock licks with Bitton's Sephardi/Moroccan rhythm and lead vocals produced an electric rock and roll sound. They played traditional Chabad nigunim (songs and melodies) to this beat at Chabad Houses on college campuses and other venues, primarily on the Eastern seaboard of the United States. One of the highlights of each performance was Bitton's drum solo. A four-song demo was cut in a local studio, but the BSTB disbanded in 1978 as the rabbinical students began to graduate.
The experience with the BSTB provided a transition for Bitton. Subsequently, he was the founding member of the Jewish music group "Raaya Mehemna" ("Faithful Servant" – a reference to a Kabbalistic work; the group was later renamed "Raava Mehemna"), which was formed in the early 1980s. Bitton was perhaps the first religious Jew to infuse music on religious Jewish themes with "non-Jewish" styles such as rock and soul. He helped establish the idea of Jewish rock with his heavy hitting style and brought real rock and roll showmanship to the Jewish stage. In the early 80's he released two albums titled "Songs For A Brother Vol 1&2".
Currently, Bitton makes new music, and performs at concerts occasionally. He performed at Yeshiva University on 6 May 2007 at a Lag B'Omer celebration concert. The opening group played with little response. Once Bitton began his set on the drums to the tune of "Im Ein Ani Li Mi Li" the crowd erupted.
Bitton is widely known for his energetic drumming style, soulful powerful voice, and for fusing traditional Moroccan tunes and scales with R&B, blues, and soul. He has served as leader and Cantor for a Sefardi synagogue in Crown Heights since the early 1980s, where his musical signature is evident in his cantorial renditions.
Bitton has played some shows geared toward an Orthodox Jewish audience, but has not rekindled his music career to his former level of a Chart topping rock musician. He has since served as a hotel manager for the Crown Palace Hotel in Crown Heights and as a kosher food supervisor (mashgiach).
In 1991, Bitton made headlines when he was hit by rocks and bottles, during the Crown Heights Riot. Due to the rioting, Bitton called a cab to take him and his son to his house. The driver refused to take them all the way to their house, letting them off one block away. Police were stationed at each end of the street. They informed Bitton it was safe to continue, and no police accompanied them. However, within a block, they were attacked by an angry mob of Caribbean American, West Indian, and African American rioters. The Bittons were removed from the scene by local residents and reporters, including Peter Noel, a West Indian journalist for the Village Voice.
Bitton suffered a torn rotator cuff and required 10 stitches to his head. His son was struck by bottles and bricks, and suffered hearing loss and psychological damage. Riot police saw the attack but failed to respond, choosing instead to radio for reinforcements. This was due to their instructions to remain in fixed positions during the early stages of the rioting. The police reinforcements were also met by an attack of rocks and bottles from the rioters, but none of the rioters were arrested. Subsequently, Bitton sued and was awarded $200,000 by New York City.
Bitton was the subject of news stories and blogs when he challenged the kosher status of a restaurant he was supervising for the Jewish agency, the Orthodox Union (OU). He made allegations that the chef was intentionally making food unkosher, but the OU disagreed with his assessment. Bitton believed he had an obligation to report a cover-up to Jewish consumers. He quit the position, posted his views on his blog, and distributed emails about his account of the debate.
With Les Variations
- Nador (1969)
- Take It Or Leave It (1971)
- Moroccan Roll (1973)
- Cafe De Paris (1975)
With Raava Mehemna
- Songs for a Brother, Vol. I (1982) (as Raya Mehemna)
- Songs for a Brother, Vol. II (1984)
- Generation Redemption (2011, YODI Group)
- "Marc Tobaly". Marc Tobaly. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- "Byline : Published Work » Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute at New York University". Journalism.nyu.edu. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- Runyan, Joshua. "Jewish "Genius" Grant Bestowed on Philadelphia Pioneer of Community Outreach - Chabad-Lubavitch News". Chabad.org. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- "Tzvi Freeman - Authors". Chabad.org. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- "Tzvi FreemanBooks". Judaism.com. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- "Tzvi Freeman: Books, Biography, Blog, Audiobooks, Kindle". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- "– Chabad News, Crown Heights News, Lubavitch News". Crownheights.info. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- "Isaac Bitton AKA Raya Mehemna - Generation Redemption". Jewish Music Review. Dec 2011.
- "Im Ein Ani Li Mi Li". Shazam.
- Performed at Yeshiva University, NY., Lag Baomer, 2007. "Yitzchak Bitton and the Raya Mehemna". iTVideo. Yanky Ascher.
- Ari L. Goldman (1991-09-07). "Warily, Crown Heights Is Awaiting Holy Days". New York City; Crown Heights (Nyc): New York Times. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- Goldman, Ari (9 Aug 2011). "Former Times reporter looks back on coverage of the event, and what went wrong". Jewish Week.
- Goldman, Ari (11 Aug 2011). "1991 Crown Heights Riots: Reporter Admits NY Times was Terribly Wrong" (Iconic photo of Isaac Bitton, attacked in Crown Heights). Jewish Week. The Vicious Babushka.
- Joseph P. Fried (1993-04-03). "Vivid New Court Statements Detail Crown Heights Clash". Brooklyn (NYC); New York City; Crown Heights (NYC): New York Times. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- "University Press of New England | Redirect Page". Upne.com. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- Goodman, Walter (29 Jul 1997). "Of Blacks and Jews, and Calls for Talk". New York Times.
- Shapiro, Edward S. (2006). Crown Heights : Blacks, Jews, and the 1991 Brooklyn riot. Waltham, Mass. [u.a.]: Brandeis Univ. Press [u.a.] pp. 38, 39. ISBN 9781584655619.
- Goldschmidt, Henry (2006). Race and religion among the chosen peoples of Crown Heights. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. pp. 65,69,178. ISBN 9780813544274.
- David W. Chen (1998-01-26). "Hasidic Family Hurt in Unrest Settles Lawsuit". New York City; Crown Heights (Nyc): New York Times. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
- Sanderson, Bill (28 Mar 2007). "OY! IT’S KOSHER COMBAT". New York Post.
- Sanderson, Bill (16 Apr 2007). "ROCKIN’ RABBI". New York Post.