It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles
|It's All True: Based on an |
Unfinished Film by Orson Welles
Theatrical release poster
|Narrated by||Miguel Ferrer|
|Edited by||Ed Marx|
|Distributed by||Canal Plus/Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||28,164 admissions (France)|
It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles is a 1993 documentary feature about Orson Welles's ill-fated Pan-American anthology film It's All True, shot in 1941–42 but never completed. Written and directed by Richard Wilson, Bill Krohn and Myron Meisel, the film is narrated by Miguel Ferrer. It was named the year's Best Non-Fiction Film by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association, and its filmmakers received a special citation from the National Society of Film Critics.
It's All True is an unfinished Orson Welles feature film comprising three stories about Latin America. "My Friend Bonito" was supervised by Welles and directed by Norman Foster in Mexico in 1941. "Carnaval" (also known as "The Story of Samba") and "Jangadeiros" (also known as "Four Men on a Raft") were directed by Welles in Brazil in 1942. It's All True was to have been Welles's third film for RKO Radio Pictures, after Citizen Kane (1941) and The Magnificent Ambersons (1942). The project was a co-production of RKO and the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs that was later terminated by RKO.
While some of the footage shot for It's All True was repurposed or sent to stock film libraries, approximately 200,000 feet of the Technicolor nitrate negative, most of it for the "Carnaval" episode, was dumped into the Pacific Ocean in the late 1960s or 1970s. In the 1980s a cache of nitrate negative, largely black-and-white, was found in a vault and presented to the UCLA Film and Television Archive. A 2000 inventory indicated that approximately 50,000 feet of It's All True had been preserved, with approximately 130,045 feet of the deteriorating nitrate not yet preserved.
The driving force behind It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles was Richard Wilson, who collaborated with Welles on It's All True and most of his stage productions, radio shows, and other feature films. In 1986 Wilson, along with Bill Krohn, the Los Angeles correspondent for Cahiers du cinéma, made a 22-minute trailer to raise money for the project. They were joined by film critic Myron Meisel the next year and Catherine Benamou in 1988. Benamou, a Latin American and Caribbean specialist fluent in the dialect spoken by the jangadeiros, performed the field research and conducted interviews with the film's original participants in Mexico and Brazil. Wilson would continue to work despite having been diagnosed with cancer which he only disclosed to family and close friends. It wasn't until after his death in 1991 when the project finally got the funding needed to complete the documentary from Canal Plus.
In terms of cinema history and scholarship, the highlight of this year's New York Film Festival is the presentation of It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles. … This documentary is a long, seductive footnote to a cinema legend.
Film critic Jonathan Rosenbaum called the film "an exemplary, scrupulously researched documentary about the making and unmaking of Orson Welles’s 1942 Latin American documentary feature It’s All True—a project doomed by a change of studio heads at RKO, but also by its radical politics: Welles’s problack stance and his focus on the poorest sectors of Brazilian life upset RKO and the Brazilian dictatorship alike. (His career never fully recovered from the ensuing studio propaganda, and this film represents the first major effort after half a century of obfuscation to set the record straight.)"
"It's been a long time coming," wrote Chicago Tribune film critic Michael Wilmington, "because the It's All True saga has been, until now, the saddest and most frustrating in all of the cinema."
In The Washington Post, Desson Howe reported a succinct history of the original project and its consequences for Welles, then turned to the 1993 documentary and "Jangadeiros" reconstruction: "If nothing else, this brings a chapter of his troubled career to light and tells us of four determined men who—like Welles—fought the current every bit of the way.
"Despite the filmmakers' obvious reverence for Welles, this documentary is marred, ironically, by the very way it presents the original material," wrote TV Guide. "The newly-composed score to 'Four Men on a Raft' has a symphonic, romanticized quality that nearly destroys the quiet dignity of the images. … [The film] illustrates the opposite approach to film reconstruction taken with ¡Que viva México! (1930–32), Sergei Eisenstein's own 'lost' Latin American project: this academic study film eschews the more traditional mediating elements of music and voiceovers, presenting the raw footage without any sound."
It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles was named the year's Best Non-Fiction Film by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association. Its filmmakers received a special citation from the National Society of Film Critics, which also nominated the film as best documentary.
- 2004: Paramount (Full Screen Collection), Region 1 DVD, November 30, 2004
- Orson Welles box office information in France at Box Office Story
- "Movie Review: It's All True Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles (1993)". Canby, Vincent, The New York Times, October 15, 1993. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
- "It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles". Rosenbaum, Jonathan, October 22, 1993. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- "Restoring Orson Welles". Wilmington, Michael, Chicago Tribune, October 31, 1993. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- Howe, Desson, "Welles's 'True' Story Told". The Washington Post, October 29, 1993
- "It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles". TV Guide. Retrieved 2014-04-02.
- "Richard Wilson–Orson Welles Papers 1930–2000". Special Collections Library, University of Michigan. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles at AllMovie
- It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles at the American Film Institute Catalog
- It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles on IMDb
- It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles at Rotten Tomatoes