Italian submarine Barbarigo

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Barbarigo 1.jpg
Barbarigo
Career (Italy)
Name: Barbarigo
Builder: CRDA
Launched: 12 June 1938
Commissioned: 19 September 1938
Fate: Presumed sunk, c. 16 June 1943
General characteristics
Class and type: Marcello-class submarine
Displacement: 1,060 long tons (1,080 t) surfaced
1,313 long tons (1,334 t) submerged
Length: 73 m (239 ft 6 in)
Beam: 7.19 m (23 ft 7 in)
Draught: 5.1 m (16 ft 9 in)
Propulsion: Diesel-electric
2 × CRDA diesels
2 × CRDA electric motors
Speed: 17.4 knots (20.0 mph; 32.2 km/h) surfaced
8 knots (9.2 mph; 15 km/h) submerged
Complement: 58
Armament: 8 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes (4 bow, 4 stern)
2 × 100 mm (3.9 in)/47 guns
4 × 13.2 mm (0.52 in) machine guns

Barbarigo was a World War II Italian Marcello-class submarine built for the Italian Royal Navy (Italian: Regia Marina). It was responsible by the first Brazilian war action at WWII, when after of have failed to sink the Brazilian merchant ship "Comandante Lyra" at May 18, 1942. For five days it was chased by Brazilian aero naval forces, managing to escape for two times of attacks done by Brazilian B-25s.[1]
A curious fact is that its commander of then, Enzo Grossi, had born in São Paulo, Brazil. Used as a "poster boy" by Fascist Italy, he was later relieved of his command and demoted to foot soldier due premeditated error in the identification of ships sunk by him.[2]

After a period for repairs, as well as some replacements and retraining of crew, the submarine was converted into a transport to carry materiel between Germany and Japan in 1943, but disappeared on her first mission in that capacity.

The Italian Government issued a 5 Lira red adhesive revenue stamp featuring Barbarigo. Inscription on the vertical stamp is "Sommergibile BARBARIGO/ INA GIL". The exact purpose of this stamp is uncertain but may have been a tax or a charge for mail carried on board the vessel.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Barone, 2013. Section "Amigos, amigos, guerra à parte (War is war)".
  2. ^ Ibidem, Barone 2013.

References[edit]

  • Bagnasco, Erminio (1977). "Submarines of World War Two". London: Cassell & Co. ISBN 1-85409-532-3. 
  • Barbarigo at regiamarina.net (Italian)
  • Barone, João (2013) "1942: O Brasil e sua guerra quase desconhecida" (1942: Brazil and its almost forgotten war) (Portuguese) Editora Nova Fronteira ISBN 8520933947