USS Sara Thompson (AO-8)

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USS Sara Thompson
USS Sara Thompson at anchor
History
Name: Gut Heil
Operator:
Builder: William Armstrong, Mitchell and Co., Newcastle, England
Launched: 1888
Fate: sold to United States Navy 1918
Union Navy Jack United States
Name: USS Sara Thompson (ID-3148)
Namesake: named Sara Thompson at request of previous owner
Acquired: 8 August 1918
Commissioned: 17 September 1918 as
Decommissioned: 21 July 1933
Renamed: Sarangani 1934
Reclassified: as AO-8, 17 July 1920
Struck: 12 December 1933
Honors and
awards:
World War I Victory Medal (with Atlantic Fleet clasp)
Captured: May 1942 by Japanese
Fate: sold on 9 August 1934 in Manila, scuttled 1942
Empire of Japan
Name: Sanraku Maru
Acquired: 6 May 1942
In service: 1 January 1943
Out of service: 15 June 1943
Fate: Sunk by USN submarine 15 June 1943
General characteristics
Class and type: none
Type: tanker
Displacement: 2,691 tons dockside
Tons burthen: 5,836 tons fully loaded
Length: 321 ft (98 m)
Beam: 40 ft 3 in (12.27 m)
Draft: 22 ft (6.7 m)
Propulsion: steam engine, one shaft
Speed: 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph)
Complement: 67

USS Sara Thompson (SP-3148/AO-8) was a tanker in the United States Navy. She was purchased at the start of World War I by the U.S. Navy and served as a tanker supporting American troops in Europe. Post-war she operated in the Pacific Ocean, supporting Navy operations in the Guam, China, and the Philippines. Because of her age and deteriorating condition, she spent her final days in the US Navy as a receiving hulk in the Philippines.

Early career and acquisition[edit]

Built in England as Gut Heil[edit]

Sara Thompson was built during 1888 by William Armstrong, Mitchell and Co., Newcastle, England, as the German merchant tanker Gut Heil, and was sold to a United States firm in 1912, retaining her original name. Accidentally lost on the Mississippi River during 1914, Gut Heil was raised during 1917 and repaired.

Acquired by the U.S. Navy[edit]

She was purchased on 8 August 1918 for United States Naval service from J. W. Thompson of New York, and renamed Sara Thompson on 7 September 1918 at the request of her former owner. Sara Thompson was commissioned on 17 September 1918 at New Orleans, Louisiana with Lt. Cmdr. Frederick S. Hayes, USNRF, in command.

World War I service[edit]

Assigned to the Naval Overseas Transportation Service (NOTS), Sara Thompson transported fuel oil from Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Port Arthur, Texas, and Hoboken, New Jersey, to Boston, Massachusetts and Bermuda into February 1919.

Arriving on 4 March 1919 at Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, Azores, she was detached from NOTS on the same day and assigned to the Train, Atlantic Fleet. Sara Thompson remained at Ponta Delgada as station tanker until 7 September 1919 when she sailed for the Philippine Islands. Calling at Gibraltar, Suez, and Colombo, the tanker arrived in Manila Bay on 9 November 1919 for permanent assignment as fuel storage ship at the Cavite Navy Yard.

Post-war service[edit]

1920s deck view of USS Sara Thompson.

Sara Thompson steamed to Apra Harbor, Guam, during April 1920 to refuel units of Destroyer Division 13, before returning to Cavite on 7 May 1920. She was classified AO-8 as an oiler on 17 July 1920. She steamed northward to Chefoo, China, twice during 1920, operating with ships of the U.S. Asiatic Fleet before returning to Manila Bay on 12 October. Sara Thompson continued local operations with Cavite-based destroyer forces into November 1921.

Inspection of her deteriorating engines led to Sara Thompson being placed in reduced commission "in ordinary" on 8 December 1921 for duty only as a floating storage vessel for fuel and diesel oil. She remained in service into the 1930s, being designated the receiving ship at Cavite on 6 January 1930 with her commanding officer also commanding the Receiving Station ashore.

Final decommissioning[edit]

Sara Thompson was decommissioned on 21 July 1933 and struck from the Navy list on 12 December 1933. Her hulk was sold on 9 August 1934 to Alberto Barrette of Manila. Renamed Sarangani. The vessel was used by the US Navy as a bunker ship (storage hulk).

World War II[edit]

Scuttled in 1942 to prevent capture by the Japanese. The ship was renamed Sanraku Maru on 6 May 1942. On 30 September 1942, the hulk was refloated. Repairs were completed in December 1942. The ship was registered with the Imperial Japanese Navy as an auxiliary oiler on 1 January 1943. Conversion to an oiler began 19 January 1943 and finished 3 February 1943. Sanraku Maru was operated by Osaka Shosen Kaisho. The ship was sunk by USS Trout near Cape Lovieanne, Borneo in the Celebes Sea on 15 June 1943.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Japanese Oilers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 

External links[edit]