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Vernant at his last conference, October 23, 2006 (Aubervilliers)
January 4, 1914|
|Died||January 9, 2007
Jean-Pierre Vernant (French: [vɛʁnɑ̃]; January 4, 1914 – January 9, 2007) was a French historian and anthropologist, specialist in ancient Greece. Influenced by Claude Lévi-Strauss, Vernant developed a structuralist approach to Greek myth, tragedy, and society which would itself be influential among classical scholars. He was an honorary professor at the Collège de France.
A member of the Young Communists (Jeunes Communistes), Vernant joined the French Resistance during World War II and was a member of Libération-sud (founded by Emmanuel d'Astier). He later commanded the French Forces of the Interior (FFI) in Haute-Garonne under the pseudonym of "Colonel Berthier." He was a Companion of the Liberation. After the war, he remained a member of the French Communist Party until 1969.
He entered the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) in 1948 and, under the influence of Louis Gernet, turned to the study of ancient Greek anthropology. Ten years later, he became director of studies at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS). In 1971 he was professor in the University of São Paulo. This visit was also an act of protest that he made with François Châtelet against the brazilian military government (dictatorship).
He was a member of the French sponsorship committee for the Decade for the Promotion of a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World. He supported the funding organisation Non-Violence XXI.
He was awarded the CNRS gold medal in 1984. In 2002, he received an honorary doctorate at the University of Crete.
Vernant died a few days after his 93rd birthday in Sèvres.
After his death, his name was given to a French highschool in Sèvres, le "Lycee Jean-Pierre Vernant".
The structuralist approach pioneered by Vernant has been influential on a wide range of classical scholars. More specifically, Vernant's reading of the myth of Prometheus was an important influence on philosopher Bernard Stiegler's book, Technics and Time, 1: The Fault of Epimetheus.
Vernant's approach has been heavily criticized, particularly among Italian philologists, even by those of Marxist tendencies. He has been accused of a fundamentally ahistorical approach, allegedly going as far as to manipulate his sources by describing them in categories which do not apply (polysemy and ambiguity).
Awards and prizes
- Médaille d'or du CNRS, 1984
- Premio di Storia, San Marino, 1991
- American Academy Award for Humanistic Studies, 1992
- Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur
- Compagnon de la Libération
- Croix de Guerre
- Grand Officier dans l'Ordre national du Mérite
- Commandeur de l'Ordre de l'Honneur de la République Hellénique
- Officier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
Doctor Honoris Causa
- University of Chicago
- University of Bristol
- Masaryk University of Brno
- University of Naples
- University of Oxford
- University of Crete (2002)
- New Bulgarian University (2004)
- Associate member of the Académie royale de Belgique
- Foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy
- Honorary Member of the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies
- Membre de l'Academia Europaea
- Les origines de la pensée grecque (Paris), 1962 (= Origins of Greek Thought, 1982)
- Mythe et pensée chez les Grecs: Etudes de psychologie historique (Paris), 1965 (= Myth and Thought among the Greeks, 1983)
- With Pierre Vidal-Naquet: Mythe et tragédie en Grèce ancienne, 2 vols. (Paris), 1972, 1986 (= Tragedy and Myth in Ancient Greece, 1981; Myth and Tragedy in Ancient Greece, 1988)
- Mythe et société en Grèce ancienne (Paris), 1974 (= Myth and Society in Ancient Greece, 1978)
- Divination et rationalité, 1974
- With Marcel Detienne: Les ruses de l'intelligence: La mètis des Grecs (Paris), 1974 (= Cunning Intelligence in Greek Culture and Society, 1977)
- Religion grecque, religions antiques (Paris), 1976
- Religion, histoires, raisons (Paris), 1979
- With Marcel Detienne: La cuisine de sacrifice en pays grec (Paris), 1979 (= Cuisine of Sacrifice among the Greeks, 1989)
- With Pierre Vidal-Naquet: Travail et esclavage en Grèce ancienne (Brussels), 1988
- L'individu, la mort, l'amour: soi-même et l'autre en Grèce ancienne (Paris), 1989
- Mythe et religion en Grèce ancienne (Paris), 1990
- Figures, idoles, masques (Paris), 1990
- With Pierre Vidal-Naquet: La Grèce ancienne, 3 vols. (Paris), 1990–92
- Mortals and Immortals: Collected Essays (Princeton), 1991
- With Pierre Vidal-Naquet: Œdipe et ses mythes (Brussels), 1994
- Entre mythe et politique (Paris), 1996
- With Jean Bottéro and Clarisse Herrenschmidt: (in French) L'orient ancien et nous (Paris), 1996. (in English) Ancestor of the West: Writing, Reasoning, and Religion in Mesopotamia, Elam, and Greece, translated by Teresa Lavender Fagan. University of Chicago Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0226067155.
- With Françoise Frontisi-Ducroux: Dans l'œil du miroir (Paris), 1997
- L'univers, les dieux, les hommes: récits grecs des origines Paris, Le Seuil, 1999 (= The Universe, The Gods, and Men: Ancient Greek Myths, 2001)
- La traversée des frontières (Paris), 2004
- http://www.fflch.usp.br/df/site/index.php?pg=hom_jpv.html Official Webpage of the Faculty of Philosophy (University of São Paulo) (in Portuguese)
- Vincenzo Di Benedetto, La tragedia greca di Jean-Pierre Vernant, in: Belfagor 32 (1977), p. 461-468; see also Vincenzo Di Benedetto, L'ambiguo nella tragedia greca: una categoria fuorviante, in: Euripide "Medea", introd. di V. Di Benedetto, trad. di E. Cerbo, p. 62-75, Milan 1997.