Provins

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Provins
Subprefecture and commune
Provins from north.jpg
Coat of arms of Provins
Coat of arms
Provins is located in France
Provins
Provins
Location within Île-de-France region
Provins is located in Île-de-France (region)
Provins
Provins
Coordinates: 48°33′37″N 3°17′56″E / 48.5604°N 3.299°E / 48.5604; 3.299Coordinates: 48°33′37″N 3°17′56″E / 48.5604°N 3.299°E / 48.5604; 3.299
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Seine-et-Marne
Arrondissement Provins
Canton Provins
Intercommunality Provinois
Government
 • Mayor (2017–2020) Olivier Lavenka
Area1 14.72 km2 (5.68 sq mi)
Population (2015)2 11,683
 • Density 790/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 77379 /77160
Elevation 86–168 m (282–551 ft)
(avg. 91 m or 299 ft)
Website www.mairie-provins.fr; www.provins.net/en/
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs
Criteria Cultural: (ii)(iv)
Reference 873rev
Inscription 2001 (25th Session)
Area 108 ha (0.42 sq mi)
Buffer zone 1,365 ha (5.27 sq mi)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Provins (French pronunciation: ​[pʁo.vɛ̃]) is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

Provins, a town of medieval fairs, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001.

Administration[edit]

Provins is not the largest city in the arrondissement, but it is the seat. The largest town is Montereau-Fault-Yonne.

The arrondissement has 7 cantons, 125 communes and 112,020 residents. The canton of Provins has 15 communes and 21,000 residents.

History[edit]

Provins was home to one of the Champagne fairs that were crucial to the medieval European economy, when the city was under the protection of Counts of Champagne.

Sights[edit]

Provins is known for its medieval fortifications, such as the Tour César (the Caesar Tower) and well-preserved city walls.

The Saint Quiriace Collegiate Church

The Saint Quiriace Collegiate Church is located here. The Empress Galla Placidia is said to have presented Ancona in Italy with the relics of Judas Cyriacus. However, the saint's head was situated at Provins, brought from Jerusalem by Henry I of Champagne, who built a church in this town to display it. It is still at the Saint Quiriace Collegiate Church, although construction work during the 12th century was never completed due to financial difficulties during the reign of Philippe le Bel. A dome was added in the 17th century, and the old families of Provins who lived in the upper town were called "Children of the Dome." After the addition of the dome, however, no further restoration efforts have been made towards the church. [1]

The police station (2010) is a piece of contemporary architecture designed by Parisian architects Philippe Ameller and Jacques Dubois.

Two sets of caves underlie parts of the town. The first type were probably used to store food in the Middle Ages.[1] The second, deeper, type contains Bronze and Iron Age graffiti.[2]

Economy[edit]

Provins has important rose cultivation. It produces all sorts of foods from roses, and its main specialties are rose petal jam, Provinois rose honey and rose candy. Provins also used to be a large producer of wine, with the medieval methods of wine making still being carried out by residents, and some vineyards are still being used to produce.

Education[edit]

Public preschools (maternelles): Coudoux, Raymond Louis, Terrier Rouge, Ville Haute and Voulzie.[3]

Public primary schools: Coudoux, Désiré Laurent, Marais, Terrier Rouge, Ville Haute and Voulzie.[4]

Public junior high schools (collèges): Jules Verne, Lelorgne de Savigny, and Marie Curie.[5]

Public senior high schools (lycées): Thibaut de Champagne and Les Pannevelles.[6]

There is a private preschool through high school, Institution Sainte-Croix.[3][4][5][6]

Notable people[edit]

Provins is the birthplace of:

Provins is the hometown of:

Twin towns[edit]

Provins is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Provins in the dark". Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Digest, The Reader's (1978). The world's last mysteries. Montréal: Reader's Digest. p. 303. ISBN 089577044X. 
  3. ^ a b "les écoles maternelles." Provins. Retrieved on March 12, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "les écoles primaires." Provins. Retrieved on March 12, 2018.
  5. ^ a b "les collèges." Provins. Retrieved on March 12, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "les lycées." Provins. Retrieved on March 12, 2018.

External links[edit]