Jack Sharkey

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Jack Sharkey
Jack Sharkey - El Gráfico 556.jpg
Sharkey in 1930
Statistics
Real nameJoseph Paul Zukauskas
Nickname(s)Boston Gob, Sharkboy
Weight(s)Heavyweight
Height6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)
Reach72 in (183 cm)
NationalityAmerican
Born(1902-10-26)October 26, 1902
Binghamton, New York
DiedAugust 17, 1994(1994-08-17) (aged 91)
Beverly, Massachusetts
StanceOrthodox
Boxing record
Total fights55
Wins38
Wins by KO13
Losses14
Draws3
Juozas Žukauskas ("Jack Sharkey") when he was 78 years old.

Jack Sharkey (born Joseph Paul Zukauskas, Lithuanian: Juozas Povilas Žukauskas, October 26, 1902 – August 17, 1994) was a Lithuanian-American world heavyweight boxing champion.

Boxing career[edit]

He took his ring name from his two idols, heavyweight contender Tom Sharkey and heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey, to gain acceptance in the Irish-dominated boxing world of Boston.[1] He won an important fight in 1926 over black heavyweight contender Harry Wills, but his first big year was 1927, when he defeated former light heavyweight champ Mike McTigue in twelve rounds and Boston rival Jim Maloney in five. That put him in the ring on July 21, 1927, with his idol Dempsey, the winner to meet heavyweight champion Gene Tunney for the title. For six rounds Sharkey out-boxed Dempsey, who probed low with his punches. In the seventh round, Sharkey turned his head to complain to the referee about Dempsey's low punches and Dempsey landed a classic left hook that knocked Sharkey out.

In 1928 Sharkey defeated heavyweight contender Tom Heeney and former light-heavyweight champion Jack Delaney. Early in 1929, he signed in a Tex Rickard promotion to fight Young Stribling in Miami, Sharkey and all involved suffered a scare when Rickard died unexpectedly. All preparations ceased as Rickard was laid to rest in New York. Unhappy with the uncertainty of it all, Jack complained to sportswriter Dan Parker, "That man isn't in his grave yet, and already they're trying to break my contract."[2] In fact Bill Carey, president of Madison Square Garden saved the day by appointing Jack Dempsey himself to the task. Dempsey, a close personal friend of Rickard, had never handled a promotion before, but did so now with what might be called "large and largesse". Between leasing the Carl Fisher mansion on Miami Beach as well as the George Washington Hotel, the latter of which was equipped for the press with a 24-hour bar, the Sharkey-Stribling fight at the old Flamingo Park drew 40,000 fans, including 423 writers, and did $405,000 at the box office, an amount unsurpassed in the South until television receipts for Clay vs. Liston in 1964 managed a richer gate.[3]

A fight held in Yankee Stadium later that year gave Sharkey the United States heavyweight title when he knocked out former light heavyweight champion Tommy Loughran. This victory earned him the opportunity to fight for the vacant world title against the German contender Max Schmeling on June 12, 1930. Sharkey was disqualified in the fourth round after delivering a punch that landed below Schmeling's belt. This was the first time in boxing history that the heavyweight championship was won on a foul since Joe Goss in 1876.

In October 1931, Sharkey defeated Italian heavyweight, Primo Carnera and was then given another chance to fight for the title. On June 21, 1932, at the Madison Square Garden Bowl in Long Island City, New York, Sharkey defeated Schmeling in a controversial split decision to win the championship. Sharkey lost the title on June 29, 1933, in his second fight with Primo Carnera. This meant that Sharkey was the first heavyweight champion in history to both win and lose the championship against a European fighter. Floyd Patterson repeated this feat when regaining the title against Ingemar Johansson, having lost it to the Swede in their first fight. Oliver McCall then became the third such heavyweight champion when he beat Lennox Lewis for the WBC title in 1994 before losing it to Lewis's countryman Frank Bruno the following year. In recent years, with the proliferation of European-born world heavyweight champions, fighters such as Chris Byrd and Hasim Rahman have also won and lost their championships against European opposition. Sharkey's distinction is noteworthy, however, as Schmeling and Carnera were, respectively, only the third and fourth Europeans to win the world heavyweight championship.

Later in life, Sharkey would allege that his second fights with both Schmeling and Carnera were fixed.[citation needed] He took a year off, fought four mediocre fights, and then fought Joe Louis on August 18, 1936, losing by knockout in the third round. This made him the only man to fight both Dempsey and Louis.

Sharkey then retired with a record of 38-14-3 with 13 knockouts. As the Cyber Boxing Zone website describes him, "Sharkey had good skills, could hit with power, box well and take punishment when he set his mind to fight; But, he was an erratic, 'up-and-down' boxer who never seemed to put all his skills together consistently; when he was good, he was very good but when he was bad, he was awful."[4]

Notable bouts refereed[edit]

Ex-world heavyweight champion Jack Sharkey refereed the world light heavyweight title defense by Archie Moore against Yvon Durelle on December 10, 1958, at The Forum, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, one of boxing's first championship televised bouts. Moore came off the canvas three times in the first round, and again in the fifth round, to knock out Durelle in the eleventh round. Sharkey also refereed the rematch at The Forum, in which Moore knocked down Durelle four times in the third round before knocking him out on August 12, 1959.[5][6] Both bouts were world televised in black and white from Canada, with commentary and post-fight interviews.

Professional boxing record[edit]

All information in this section is derived from BoxRec, unless otherwise stated.

Official Record[edit]

55 fights 37 wins 13 losses
By knockout 13 4
By decision 20 8
By disqualification 4 1
Draws 3
Newspaper decisions/draws 2

All newspaper decisions are officially regarded as “no decision” bouts and are not counted in the win/loss/draw column.

No. Result Record Opponent Type Round Date Age Location Notes
55 Loss 37–13–3 (2) Joe Louis KO 3 (10) Aug 18, 1936 33 years, 297 days Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S.
54 Win 37–12–3 (2) Phil Brubaker UD 10 Jun 25, 1936 33 years, 243 days Fenway Park, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
53 Draw 36–12–3 (2) Tony Shucco PTS 10 Apr 14, 1936 33 years, 171 days Boston Garden, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
52 Loss 36–12–2 (2) Tony Shucco UD 10 Feb 7, 1936 33 years, 104 days Boston Garden, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
51 Win 36–11–2 (2) Unknown Winston KO 2 (10) Nov 22, 1935 33 years, 27 days Boston Garden, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
50 Loss 35–11–2 (2) Tommy Loughran SD 15 Sep 27, 1933 30 years, 336 days Shibe Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
49 Loss 35–10–2 (2) King Levinsky UD 10 Sep 18, 1933 30 years, 327 days Comiskey Park, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
48 Loss 35–9–2 (2) Primo Carnera KO 6 (15) Jun 29, 1933 30 years, 246 days Madison Square Garden Bowl, Long Island City, New York City, New York, U.S. Lost NYSAC, NBA, and The Ring heavyweight titles
47 Win 35–8–2 (2) Max Schmeling SD 15 Jun 21, 1932 29 years, 239 days Madison Square Garden Bowl, Long Island City, New York City, New York, U.S. Won NYSAC, NBA, and The Ring heavyweight titles
46 Win 34–8–2 (2) Primo Carnera UD 15 Oct 12, 1931 28 years, 351 days Ebbets Field, New York City, New York, U.S. Retained ABA heavyweight title
45 Draw 33–8–2 (2) Mickey Walker PTS 15 Jul 22, 1931 28 years, 269 days Ebbets Field, New York City, New York, U.S.
44 Loss 33–8–1 (2) Max Schmeling DQ 4 (15) Jun 12, 1930 27 years, 229 days Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S. For vacant NYSAC, NBA, and The Ring heavyweight titles;
Schmeling down from a low blow and unable to continue
43 Win 33–7–1 (2) Phil Scott TKO 3 (15) Feb 27, 1930 27 years, 124 days Madison Square Garden Stadium, Miami, Florida, U.S.
42 Win 32–7–1 (2) Tommy Loughran TKO 3 (15) Sep 26, 1929 26 years, 335 days Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S. Won vacant ABA heavyweight title
41 Win 31–7–1 (2) Young Stribling PTS 10 Feb 27, 1929 26 years, 124 days Flamingo Park, Miami Beach, Florida, U.S.
40 Win 30–7–1 (2) Meyer Christner MD 10 Jan 25, 1929 26 years, 91 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
39 Win 29–7–1 (2) Arthur De Kuh PTS 10 Dec 10, 1928 26 years, 45 days Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
38 Win 28–7–1 (2) Leo Gates KO 3 (10) Jun 21, 1928 25 years, 239 days Battery A Arena, Saint Louis, Missouri, U.S.
37 Win 27–7–1 (2) Jack Delaney KO 1 (15) Apr 30, 1928 25 years, 187 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
36 Loss 26–7–1 (2) Johnny Risko SD 15 Mar 12, 1928 25 years, 138 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
35 Draw 26–6–1 (2) Tom Heeney SD 12 Jan 13, 1928 25 years, 79 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
34 Loss 26–6 (2) Jack Dempsey KO 7 (15) Jul 21, 1927 24 years, 268 days Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S.
33 Win 26–5 (2) Jim Maloney TKO 5 (15) May 20, 1927 24 years, 206 days Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S.
32 Win 25–5 (2) Mike McTigue TKO 12 (15) Mar 3, 1927 24 years, 128 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
31 Win 24–5 (2) Homer Smith TKO 7 (10) Dec 15, 1926 24 years, 50 days Arena, Syracuse, New York, U.S.
30 Win 23–5 (2) Harry Wills DQ 13 (15) Oct 12, 1926 23 years, 351 days Ebbets Field, New York City, New York, U.S. Wills DQ'd for illegal use of a backhand blow
29 Win 22–5 (2) George Godfrey PTS 10 Sep 21, 1926 23 years, 330 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
28 Win 21–5 (2) Orlando Reverberi TKO 3 (10) Sep 13, 1926 23 years, 322 days Laurel Garden, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
27 Win 20–5 (2) Bud Gorman DQ 1 (10) Jun 25, 1926 23 years, 242 days Braves Field, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. Gorman was DQ'd for a low blow
26 Win 19–5 (2) Pat McCarthy PTS 10 Apr 19, 1926 23 years, 175 days Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
25 Win 18–5 (2) Emilio Solomon PTS 10 Apr 1, 1926 23 years, 157 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
24 Win 17–5 (2) Eddie Huffman PTS 10 Feb 12, 1926 23 years, 109 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
23 Win 16–5 (2) Mexican Joe Lawson KO 2 (10) Jan 18, 1926 23 years, 84 days Foot Guard Hall, Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.
22 Win 15–5 (2) Jim Maloney PTS 10 Dec 11, 1925 23 years, 46 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. Sharkey's corner claimed a foul when Maloney put him down in the 9th
21 Win 14–5 (2) Johnny Risko PTS 10 Sep 17, 1925 22 years, 326 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
20 Loss 13–5 (2) Bud Gorman PTS 10 Aug 17, 1925 22 years, 295 days Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
19 Win 13–4 (2) Emilio Solomon PTS 10 Jul 31, 1925 22 years, 278 days Braves Field, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
18 Win 12–4 (2) Jim Maloney DQ 9 (10) Jun 5, 1925 22 years, 222 days Braves Field, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
17 Win 11–4 (2) George Cook SD 10 May 25, 1925 22 years, 211 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
16 Win 10–4 (2) Jack Renault PTS 10 Apr 6, 1925 22 years, 162 days Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
15 Loss 9–4 (2) Charley Weinert PTS 10 Feb 10, 1925 22 years, 107 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
14 Win 9–3 (2) Sully Montgomery UD 10 Jan 20, 1925 22 years, 86 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
13 Win 8–3 (2) Jack DeMave PTS 10 Jan 8, 1925 22 years, 74 days Manhattan Casino, New York City, New York, U.S.
12 Loss 7–3 (2) Charley Weinert NWS 12 Dec 15, 1924 22 years, 50 days 113th Regiment Armory, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
11 Loss 7–3 (1) Jim Maloney PTS 10 Nov 5, 1924 22 years, 10 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
10 Loss 7–2 (1) Quintin Romero Rojas TKO 9 (10) Aug 29, 1924 21 years, 308 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
9 Win 7–1 (1) Young Jack Johnson NWS 6 Aug 20, 1924 21 years, 299 days Fair Grounds Auditorium, Bangor, Maine, U.S.
8 Win 7–1 Al Roberts PTS 10 Jul 23, 1924 21 years, 271 days Kinsley Park, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.
7 Win 6–1 Homer Smith PTS 10 Jul 15, 1924 21 years, 263 days Braves Field, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
6 Win 5–1 Floyd Johnson PTS 10 Jun 23, 1924 21 years, 241 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
5 Win 4–1 Eddie Ricord KO 7 (10) Apr 25, 1924 21 years, 182 days Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
4 Loss 3–1 Eddie Ricord PTS 10 Mar 18, 1924 21 years, 144 days Grand Opera House, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
3 Win 3–0 Dan Lucas KO 2 (8) Feb 26, 1924 21 years, 123 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
2 Win 2–0 Pat Hance DQ 2 (10) Feb 8, 1924 21 years, 105 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. Hance DQ'd for going down twice without being hit
1 Win 1–0 Billy Muldoon TKO 1 (8) Jan 29, 1924 21 years, 95 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.

Unofficial record[edit]

55 fights 38 wins 14 losses
By knockout 13 4
By decision 21 9
By disqualification 4 1
Draws 3

Record with the inclusion of newspaper decisions in the win/loss/draw column.

No. Result Record Opponent Type Round Date Age Location Notes
55 Loss 38–14–3 Joe Louis KO 3 (10) Aug 18, 1936 33 years, 297 days Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S.
54 Win 38–13–3 Phil Brubaker UD 10 Jun 25, 1936 33 years, 243 days Fenway Park, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
53 Draw 37–13–3 Tony Shucco PTS 10 Apr 14, 1936 33 years, 171 days Boston Garden, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
52 Loss 37–13–2 Tony Shucco UD 10 Feb 7, 1936 33 years, 104 days Boston Garden, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
51 Win 37–12–2 Unknown Winston KO 2 (10) Nov 22, 1935 33 years, 27 days Boston Garden, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
50 Loss 36–12–2 Tommy Loughran SD 15 Sep 27, 1933 30 years, 336 days Shibe Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
49 Loss 36–11–2 King Levinsky UD 10 Sep 18, 1933 30 years, 327 days Comiskey Park, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
48 Loss 36–10–2 Primo Carnera KO 6 (15) Jun 29, 1933 30 years, 246 days Madison Square Garden Bowl, Long Island City, New York City, New York, U.S. Lost NYSAC, NBA, and The Ring heavyweight titles
47 Win 36–9–2 Max Schmeling SD 15 Jun 21, 1932 29 years, 239 days Madison Square Garden Bowl, Long Island City, New York City, New York, U.S. Won NYSAC, NBA, and The Ring heavyweight titles
46 Win 35–9–2 Primo Carnera UD 15 Oct 12, 1931 28 years, 351 days Ebbets Field, New York City, New York, U.S. Retained ABA heavyweight title
45 Draw 34–9–2 Mickey Walker PTS 15 Jul 22, 1931 28 years, 269 days Ebbets Field, New York City, New York, U.S.
44 Loss 34–9–1 Max Schmeling DQ 4 (15) Jun 12, 1930 27 years, 229 days Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S. For vacant NYSAC, NBA, and The Ring heavyweight titles;
Schmeling down from a low blow and unable to continue
43 Win 34–8–1 Phil Scott TKO 3 (15) Feb 27, 1930 27 years, 124 days Madison Square Garden Stadium, Miami, Florida, U.S.
42 Win 33–8–1 Tommy Loughran TKO 3 (15) Sep 26, 1929 26 years, 335 days Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S. Won vacant ABA heavyweight title
41 Win 32–8–1 Young Stribling PTS 10 Feb 27, 1929 26 years, 124 days Flamingo Park, Miami Beach, Florida, U.S.
40 Win 31–8–1 Meyer Christner MD 10 Jan 25, 1929 26 years, 91 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
39 Win 30–8–1 Arthur De Kuh PTS 10 Dec 10, 1928 26 years, 45 days Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
38 Win 29–8–1 Leo Gates KO 3 (10) Jun 21, 1928 25 years, 239 days Battery A Arena, Saint Louis, Missouri, U.S.
37 Win 28–8–1 Jack Delaney KO 1 (15) Apr 30, 1928 25 years, 187 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
36 Loss 27–8–1 Johnny Risko SD 15 Mar 12, 1928 25 years, 138 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
35 Draw 27–7–1 Tom Heeney SD 12 Jan 13, 1928 25 years, 79 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
34 Loss 27–7 Jack Dempsey KO 7 (15) Jul 21, 1927 24 years, 268 days Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S.
33 Win 27–6 Jim Maloney TKO 5 (15) May 20, 1927 24 years, 206 days Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S.
32 Win 26–6 Mike McTigue TKO 12 (15) Mar 3, 1927 24 years, 128 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
31 Win 25–6 Homer Smith TKO 7 (10) Dec 15, 1926 24 years, 50 days Arena, Syracuse, New York, U.S.
30 Win 24–6 Harry Wills DQ 13 (15) Oct 12, 1926 23 years, 351 days Ebbets Field, New York City, New York, U.S. Wills DQ'd for illegal use of a backhand blow
29 Win 23–6 George Godfrey PTS 10 Sep 21, 1926 23 years, 330 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
28 Win 22–6 Orlando Reverberi TKO 3 (10) Sep 13, 1926 23 years, 322 days Laurel Garden, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
27 Win 21–6 Bud Gorman DQ 1 (10) Jun 25, 1926 23 years, 242 days Braves Field, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. Gorman was DQ'd for a low blow
26 Win 20–6 Pat McCarthy PTS 10 Apr 19, 1926 23 years, 175 days Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
25 Win 19–6 Emilio Solomon PTS 10 Apr 1, 1926 23 years, 157 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
24 Win 18–6 Eddie Huffman PTS 10 Feb 12, 1926 23 years, 109 days Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
23 Win 17–6 Mexican Joe Lawson KO 2 (10) Jan 18, 1926 23 years, 84 days Foot Guard Hall, Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.
22 Win 16–6 Jim Maloney PTS 10 Dec 11, 1925 23 years, 46 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. Sharkey's corner claimed a foul when Maloney put him down in the 9th
21 Win 15–6 Johnny Risko PTS 10 Sep 17, 1925 22 years, 326 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
20 Loss 14–6 Bud Gorman PTS 10 Aug 17, 1925 22 years, 295 days Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
19 Win 14–5 Emilio Solomon PTS 10 Jul 31, 1925 22 years, 278 days Braves Field, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
18 Win 13–5 Jim Maloney DQ 9 (10) Jun 5, 1925 22 years, 222 days Braves Field, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
17 Win 12–5 George Cook SD 10 May 25, 1925 22 years, 211 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
16 Win 11–5 Jack Renault PTS 10 Apr 6, 1925 22 years, 162 days Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
15 Loss 10–5 Charley Weinert PTS 10 Feb 10, 1925 22 years, 107 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
14 Win 10–4 Sully Montgomery UD 10 Jan 20, 1925 22 years, 86 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
13 Win 9–4 Jack DeMave PTS 10 Jan 8, 1925 22 years, 74 days Manhattan Casino, New York City, New York, U.S.
12 Loss 8–4 Charley Weinert NWS 12 Dec 15, 1924 22 years, 50 days 113th Regiment Armory, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
11 Loss 8–3 Jim Maloney PTS 10 Nov 5, 1924 22 years, 10 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
10 Loss 8–2 Quintin Romero Rojas TKO 9 (10) Aug 29, 1924 21 years, 308 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
9 Win 8–1 Young Jack Johnson NWS 6 Aug 20, 1924 21 years, 299 days Fair Grounds Auditorium, Bangor, Maine, U.S.
8 Win 7–1 Al Roberts PTS 10 Jul 23, 1924 21 years, 271 days Kinsley Park, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.
7 Win 6–1 Homer Smith PTS 10 Jul 15, 1924 21 years, 263 days Braves Field, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
6 Win 5–1 Floyd Johnson PTS 10 Jun 23, 1924 21 years, 241 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
5 Win 4–1 Eddie Ricord KO 7 (10) Apr 25, 1924 21 years, 182 days Arena, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
4 Loss 3–1 Eddie Ricord PTS 10 Mar 18, 1924 21 years, 144 days Grand Opera House, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
3 Win 3–0 Dan Lucas KO 2 (8) Feb 26, 1924 21 years, 123 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
2 Win 2–0 Pat Hance DQ 2 (10) Feb 8, 1924 21 years, 105 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. Hance DQ'd for going down twice without being hit
1 Win 1–0 Billy Muldoon TKO 1 (8) Jan 29, 1924 21 years, 95 days Mechanics Building, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas, Robert McG. Jr. (August 19, 1994). "Jack Sharkey, Boxing Champion, Dies at 91". The New York Times. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  2. ^ Samuels, Charles (1957). The Magnificent Rube (pre-ISBN First ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. p. 4.
  3. ^ Jones, Jimmy (1969). King of the Canebrakes (pre-ISBN First ed.). Macon, GA: Southern Press, Inc. pp. 40–41.
  4. ^ "Cyber Boxing Zone -- Jack Sharkey". cyberboxingzone.com.
  5. ^ Archie Moore vs Yvon Durelle I (Full fight). YouTube. May 6, 2012. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21.
  6. ^ Archie Moore vs Yvon Durelle 2nd fight. YouTube. May 25, 2010. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21.

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
World boxing titles
Preceded by NYSAC heavyweight champion
June 21, 1932 – June 29, 1933
Succeeded by
NBA heavyweight champion
June 21, 1932 – June 29, 1933
The Ring heavyweight champion
June 21, 1932 – June 29, 1933
Undisputed heavyweight champion
June 21, 1932 – June 29, 1933
Records
Preceded by Oldest living heavyweight champion
May 31, 1983 – August 17, 1994
Succeeded by
Max Schmeling
Preceded by Oldest living world champion
December 8, 1985 – August 17, 1994