|Nickname(s)||The Upstate Onion Farmer|
|Height||5 ft 6+1⁄2 in (169 cm)|
|Born||April 2, 1927|
Canastota, New York, U.S.
|Died||November 7, 2012 (aged 85)|
Rochester, New York, U.S.
|Wins by KO||27|
Carmen Basilio (born Carmine Basilio, April 2, 1927 – November 7, 2012) was an American professional boxer who was the world champion in both the welterweight and middleweight divisions, beating Sugar Ray Robinson for the latter title. An iron-chinned pressure fighter, Basilio was a combination puncher who had great stamina and eventually wore many of his opponents down with vicious attacks to the head and body.
In 1957, The Ring magazine named Basilio Fighter of the Year, while the Boxing Writers Association of America (BWAA) named him Fighter of the Year in 1955 and 1957. He also holds the distinction of being in The Ring magazine's Fight of the Year in five consecutive years (1955-59), a feat unmatched by any other boxer. In 2002, Basilio was voted by The Ring magazine as the 40th greatest fighter of the last 80 years. He was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in the inaugural class of 1990.
Basilio began his professional boxing career by facing Jimmy Evans on November 24, 1948 in Binghamton, New York. He knocked Evans out in the third round, and five days later he beat Bruce Walters in only one round. By the end of 1948, he had completed four bouts.
He started 1949 with two draws, against Johnny Cunningham on January 5 and against Jay Perlin 20 days later. Basilio campaigned exclusively inside the state of New York during his first 24 bouts, going 19-3-2 during that span. His first loss was at the hands of Connie Thies, who beat him in a six-round decision on 2 May 1949. He fought Cunningham three more times during that period. Basilio won by knockout in two rounds on their second meeting, Cunningham won by a decision in eight in their third fight, and Basilio won by a decision in eight in their fourth.
In the middle of that 24-bout span, 1950 rolled over and Basilio met former world champion Lew Jenkins, winning a 10-round decision.
For fight number 25, Basilio decided that it was time to campaign outside of New York state, so he went to New Orleans, where he boxed his next six fights. In his first bout there, he met Gaby Farland, who held him to a draw. He and Farland later had a rematch, Basilio winning by a knockout in the first round. He also boxed Guillermo Giminez there twice, first beating him by knockout in eight and then by knockout in nine. In his last fight before returning home, he lost by a decision in 10 to Eddie Giosa.
For his next seven bouts, Basilio only went 3-3-1, but he was able to avenge his loss to Giosa by winning a ten-round decision over him in Syracuse.
In 1952, Basilio went 6-2-1. He beat Jimmy Cousins among others that year, but he lost to Chuck Davey and Billy Graham. The draw he registered that year was against Davey in the first of the two meetings that year.
Rise in the ranks
In 1953. Basilio started winning big fights and rose in the welterweight division rankings. He secured his first world title fight, against Cuba's Kid Gavilán for Gavilán's world welterweight championship.
Before fighting against Gavilan, he beat former world lightweight champion Ike Williams and had two more fights with Graham, avenging his earlier loss to Graham in the second bout between them with a 12-round decision win and drawing in the third. Basilio lost a 15-round decision to Gavilan and went for a fourth meeting with Cunningham, this time winning by a knockout in four. Then he and French fighter Pierre Langois began another rivalry with a 10-round draw in the first bout between the two.
In 1954, Basilio went undefeated in eight bouts, going 7-0-1 with 2 knockouts and defeating Langois in their rematch by decision.
In 1955, Basilio began by beating Peter Müller by decision. After that, Basilio was once again the number one challenger, and on June 10 of that year he received his second world title try, against world welterweight champion Tony DeMarco. Basilio became world champion by knocking out DeMarco in the 12th round. Basilio had two non-title bouts, including a ten-round decision win over Gil Turner, before he and DeMarco met again, this time with Basilio as the defending world champion. Their second fight had exactly the same result as their first bout: Basilio won by a knockout in 12.
For his next fight, in 1956, Basilio lost the title in Chicago to Johnny Saxton by a decision in 15. Saxton's manager, mafioso Frank "Blinky" Palermo", was later jailed along with his partner Frankie Carbo for fixing fights. Basilio said of losing his title to the referees' decision: "It was like being robbed in a dark alley." In an immediate rematch that was fought in Syracuse, Basilio regained the crown with a nine-round knockout, and then, in a rubber match, Basilio kept the belt with a knockout in two.
After that, he went up in weight and challenged ageing 36- year-old world middleweight champion Sugar Ray Robinson, in what may have been his most famous fight. He won the middleweight championship of the world by beating Robinson in a 15-round split decision on September 23, 1957. The day after, he had to abandon the welterweight belt, in accordance with boxing's then rules. In 1957 Basilio won the Hickok Belt as top professional athlete of the year.
In 1958, he and Robinson met in a rematch on March 25 and Robinson barely regained the title with a controversial 15-round split decision. Although Basilio's left eye was totally swollen shut from the 6th round on, many of the ringside press thought Basilio won the fight.
From that moment, and until his retirement in 1961, he fought only sporadically, but three of his last fights were attempts to recover the world middleweight title, losing twice to Gene Fullmer: by a TKO in 14 at San Francisco and by a TKO in 12 in Fullmer's home state of Utah (in Salt Lake City), and also later, when he lost a 10-round decision to defending world champion Paul Pender.
In between those fights, he was able to beat Art Aragon, by knockout in eight and former world welterweight champion Don Jordan by decision in ten. His fight with Pender for the title was also his last fight as a professional boxer.
Basilio retired with a ring record of 56 wins, 16 losses and 7 draws, with 27 wins by knockout.
After his retirement, Basilio worked for a time at the Genesee Brewery in Rochester, NY. Later Carmen, a high-school dropout, taught physical education at Le Moyne College in Syracuse. Basilio, who was also a member of the United States Marine Corps at one point in his life, was able to enjoy his retirement. Carmen was associated with a sausage company, frequently confused with a separate sausage company run by his brother Paul, for which he was a salesman.
During the 1970s, his nephew Billy Backus became world welterweight champion after having a shaky start to his own boxing career, and Basilio declared on the day that Backus became champion that, to him, Billy's winning the title was better than his winning it himself.
In 1990, Ed Brophy decided to build the International Boxing Hall Of Fame in Canastota, New York, to honor the two world champions who were born there: Basilio and his nephew. Although Backus isn't a member of the Hall Of Fame, Basilio is, along with many of the fighters he met inside the ring.
In the late 1990s, Basilio became seriously ill, requiring triple bypass heart surgery. Doctors were able to repair his heart.
Basilio was interviewed for an HBO documentary on Sugar Ray Robinson called "The Bright Lights and Dark Shadows of a Champion". He mentioned that although he respected Robinson's talents in the ring, he did not like him as a person.
In 2010, "Title Town USA, Boxing in Upstate New York" by historian Mark Allen Baker was published by The History Press in 2010 and identifies Canastota as the epicenter of Upstate New York's rich boxing heritage. The book includes chapters on both Carmen Basilio and Billy Backus. The introduction was written by Edward P. Brophy Executive Director of the International Boxing Hall of Fame. He died aged 85 in 2012, and is survived by his wife Josephine Basilio.
Championships and accomplishments
- Cauliflower Alley Club
- Boxing Honoree (1994)
Professional boxing record
|79 fights||56 wins||16 losses|
|79||Loss||56–16–7||Paul Pender||UD||15||Apr 22, 1961||Boston Garden, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.||For NYSAC and The Ring middleweight titles|
|78||Win||56–15–7||Don Jordan||UD||10||Mar 11, 1961||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|77||Win||55–15–7||Gaspar Ortega||UD||10||Jan 7, 1961||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|76||Loss||54–15–7||Gene Fullmer||TKO||12 (15)||Jun 29, 1960||Derks Field, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.||For NBA middleweight title|
|75||Loss||54–14–7||Gene Fullmer||TKO||14 (15)||Aug 28, 1959||Cow Palace, Daly City, California, U.S.||For vacant NBA middleweight title|
|74||Win||54–13–7||Arley Seifer||TKO||3 (10)||Apr 1, 1959||Bell Auditorium, Augusta, Georgia, U.S.|
|73||Win||53–13–7||Art Aragon||TKO||8 (10)||Sep 5, 1958||Wrigley Field, Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|72||Loss||52–13–7||Sugar Ray Robinson||SD||15||Mar 25, 1958||Chicago Stadium, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.||Lost NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring middleweight titles|
|71||Win||52–12–7||Sugar Ray Robinson||SD||15||Sep 23, 1957||Yankee Stadium, New York City, New York, U.S.||Won NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring middleweight titles|
|70||Win||51–12–7||Harold Jones||TKO||4 (10)||May 16, 1957||Auditorium, Portland, Oregon, U.S.|
|69||Win||50–12–7||Johnny Saxton||TKO||2 (15)||Feb 22, 1957||Arena, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.||Retained NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring welterweight titles|
|68||Win||49–12–7||Johnny Saxton||TKO||9 (15)||Sep 12, 1956||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.||Won NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring welterweight titles|
|67||Loss||48–12–7||Johnny Saxton||UD||15||Mar 14, 1956||Chicago Stadium, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.||Lost NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring welterweight titles|
|66||Win||48–11–7||Tony DeMarco||TKO||12 (15)||Nov 30, 1955||Boston Garden, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.||Retained NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring welterweight titles|
|65||Win||47–11–7||Gil Turner||MD||10||Sep 7, 1955||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|64||Win||46–11–7||Italo Scortichini||UD||10||Aug 10, 1955||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|63||Win||45–11–7||Tony DeMarco||TKO||12 (15)||Jun 10, 1955||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.||Won NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring welterweight titles|
|62||Win||44–11–7||Peter Müller||UD||10||Jan 21, 1955||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|61||Win||43–11–7||Ronnie Harper||RTD||3 (10)||Dec 16, 1954||Armory, Akron, Ohio, U.S.|
|60||Win||42–11–7||Allie Gronik||UD||10||Oct 15, 1954||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|59||Win||41–11–7||Carmine Fiore||UD||10||Sep 10, 1954||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|58||Win||40–11–7||Ronnie Harper||TKO||2 (10)||Aug 17, 1954||Fort Wayne, Indiana, U.S.|
|57||Win||39–11–7||Al Andrews||UD||10||Jun 26, 1954||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|56||Win||38–11–7||Italo Scortichini||UD||10||May 15, 1954||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|55||Win||37–11–7||Pierre Langlois||UD||10||Apr 17, 1954||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|54||Draw||36–11–7||Italo Scortichini||PTS||10||Jan 16, 1954||Dinner Key Auditorium, Coconut Grove, Florida, U.S.|
|53||Draw||36–11–6||Pierre Langlois||PTS||10||Dec 19, 1953||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|52||Win||36–11–5||Johnny Cunningham||KO||4 (10)||Nov 28, 1953||Civic Auditorium, Toledo, Ohio, U.S.|
|51||Loss||35–11–5||Kid Gavilan||SD||15||Sep 18, 1953||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.||For NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring welterweight titles|
|50||Draw||35–10–5||Billy Graham||PTS||12||Jul 25, 1953||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.||Retained USA New York State welterweight title|
|49||Win||35–10–4||Billy Graham||UD||12||Jun 6, 1953||Memorial Stadium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.||Won inaugural USA New York State welterweight title|
|48||Win||34–10–4||Carmine Fiore||TKO||9 (10)||Apr 11, 1953||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|47||Win||33–10–4||Vic Cardell||UD||10||Feb 28, 1953||Sports Arena, Toledo, Ohio, U.S.|
|46||Win||32–10–4||Ike Williams||UD||10||Jan 12, 1953||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|45||Win||31–10–4||Chuck Foster||TKO||5 (10)||Nov 18, 1952||Memorial Auditorium, Buffalo, New York, U.S.|
|44||Win||30–10–4||Sammy Giuliani||KO||3 (10)||Oct 20, 1952||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|43||Win||29–10–4||Baby Williams||UD||10||Sep 22, 1952||Auditorium, Miami Beach, Florida, U.S.|
|42||Loss||28–10–4||Billy Graham||UD||10||Aug 20, 1952||Chicago Stadium, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|41||Loss||28–9–4||Chuck Davey||UD||10||Jul 16, 1952||Chicago Stadium, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|40||Draw||28–8–4||Chuck Davey||PTS||10||May 29, 1952||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|39||Win||28–8–3||Jackie O'Brien||MD||10||Mar 31, 1952||South Main Street Armory, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|38||Win||27–8–3||Jimmy Cousins||UD||8||Feb 28, 1952||Armory, Akron, Ohio, U.S.|
|37||Win||26–8–3||Emmett Norris||UD||10||Feb 4, 1952||South Main Street Armory, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|36||Loss||25–8–3||Ross Virgo||UD||10||Sep 26, 1951||Municipal Auditorium, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.|
|35||Win||25–7–3||Shamus McCray||PTS||8||Sep 17, 1951||War Memorial Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|34||Loss||24–7–3||Johnny Cesario||UD||10||Jun 18, 1951||McConnell Field, Utica, New York, U.S.|
|33||Loss||24–6–3||Lester Felton||UD||10||May 29, 1951||State Fair Coliseum, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|32||Win||24–5–3||Eddie Giosa||UD||10||Apr 12, 1951||State Fair Coliseum, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|31||Win||23–5–3||Floro Hita||PTS||8||Mar 9, 1951||State Fair Coliseum, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|30||Loss||22–5–3||Vic Cardell||SD||10||Dec 15, 1950||Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|29||Loss||22–4–3||Eddie Giosa||PTS||10||Aug 28, 1950||Municipal Auditorium, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.|
|28||Win||22–3–3||Guillermo Gimenez||RTD||8 (10)||Jul 31, 1950||Coliseum Arena, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.|
|27||Win||21–3–3||Guillermo Gimenez||RTD||7 (10)||Jun 21, 1950||Municipal Auditorium, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.|
|26||Win||20–3–3||Gaby Ferland||KO||1 (10)||May 5, 1950||Coliseum Arena, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.|
|25||Draw||19–3–3||Gaby Ferland||PTS||10||Apr 12, 1950||Coliseum Arena, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.|
|24||Loss||19–3–2||Mike Koballa||UD||8||Mar 27, 1950||Eastern Parkway Arena, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|23||Win||19–2–2||Lew Jenkins||MD||10||Mar 6, 1950||State Fair Coliseum, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|22||Win||18–2–2||Adrien Mourguiart||TKO||7 (10)||Feb 7, 1950||Memorial Auditorium, Buffalo, New York, U.S.|
|21||Win||17–2–2||Cassell Tate||MD||8||Jan 24, 1950||Memorial Auditorium, Buffalo, New York, U.S.|
|20||Win||16–2–2||Sonny Jim Hampton||UD||8||Jan 10, 1950||Memorial Auditorium, Buffalo, New York, U.S.|
|19||Win||15–2–2||Johnny Parker||RTD||2 (8)||Sep 30, 1949||State Fair Coliseum, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|18||Win||14–2–2||Tony DiPelino||UD||8||Sep 7, 1949||Red Wing Stadium, Rochester, New York, U.S.|
|17||Win||13–2–2||Johnny Cunningham||PTS||8||Aug 17, 1949||MacArthur Stadium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|16||Loss||12–2–2||Johnny Cunningham||SD||8||Aug 2, 1949||Bennett's Field, Utica, New York, U.S.|
|15||Win||12–1–2||Sammy Daniels||UD||8||Jul 21, 1949||Bennett's Field, Utica, New York, U.S.|
|14||Win||11–1–2||Jesse Bradshaw||TKO||2 (6)||Jul 12, 1949||MacArthur Stadium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|13||Win||10–1–2||Johnny Cunningham||KO||2 (6)||Jun 7, 1949||MacArthur Stadium, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|12||Win||9–1–2||Johnny Clemons||KO||3 (6)||May 18, 1949||State Fair Coliseum, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|11||Loss||8–1–2||Connie Thies||PTS||6||May 2, 1949||Sports Arena, Rochester, New York, U.S.|
|10||Win||8–0–2||Elliot Throop||KO||1 (6)||Apr 20, 1949||State Fair Coliseum, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|9||Win||7–0–2||Jerry Drain||TKO||3 (6)||Mar 18, 1949||State Fair Coliseum, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|8||Win||6–0–2||Luke Jordan||PTS||6||Feb 17, 1949||Sports Arena, Rochester, New York, U.S.|
|7||Win||5–0–2||Ernie Hall||KO||2 (6)||Jan 25, 1949||State Fair Coliseum, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|6||Draw||4–0–2||Jimmy Parlin||PTS||6||Jan 19, 1949||Kalurah Temple, Binghamton, New York, U.S.|
|5||Draw||4–0–1||Johnny Cunningham||PTS||6||Jan 5, 1949||Kalurah Temple, Binghamton, New York, U.S.|
|4||Win||4–0||Rolly Johns||SD||6||Dec 15, 1948||State Fair Coliseum, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|3||Win||3–0||Eddie Thomas||KO||2 (6)||Dec 8, 1948||Kalurah Temple, Binghamton, New York, U.S.|
|2||Win||2–0||Bruce Walters||KO||1 (4)||Nov 29, 1948||State Fair Coliseum, Syracuse, New York, U.S.|
|1||Win||1–0||Jimmy Evans||KO||3 (4)||Nov 24, 1948||Kalurah Temple, Binghamton, New York, U.S.|
- List of welterweight boxing champions
- List of middleweight boxing champions
- List of left-handed boxers
- ^ "The Lineal Welterweight Champs". Cyber Boxing Zone. Archived from the original on June 14, 2009. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- ^ "The Lineal Middleweight Boxing Champs". Cyber Boxing Zone.
- ^ Andrew Eisele. "Ring Magazine's 80 Best Fighters of the Last 80 Years". About.com Sports.
- ^ Steve Schaefer (April 7, 1990) Boxing Hall of Fame names first inductees. United Press International
- ^ "BLINKY PALERMO, MOBSTER WHO RAN BOXING DIES!". Ring Talk. Archived from the original on February 25, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
- ^ Acevedo, Carlos. "STRANGE DAYS: The Johnny Saxton Story". The Cruelest Sport. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- ^ "Carmen Basilio Dies at 85; Took Title From Robinson" NYTimes November 7, 2012
- ^ John Rawling (November 9, 2012). "Carmen Basilio obituary | Sport". The Guardian. London. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- ^ "Honorees". Cauliflower Alley Club. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
- Boxing record for Carmen Basilio from BoxRec (registration required)
- Eastside Boxing
- Carmen Basilio's bio at the Internet Movie Database
- Carmen Basilio interviewed by Mike Wallace on The Mike Wallace Interview October 26, 1957
- N.Y. Times Obituary for Carmen Basilio
- Strange Days: The Johnny Saxton Story, The Cruelest Sport
- 1927 births
- 2012 deaths
- Boxers from New York (state)
- American people of Italian descent
- Middleweight boxers
- Welterweight boxers
- World boxing champions
- International Boxing Hall of Fame inductees
- United States Marines
- Deaths from pneumonia in New York (state)
- People from Canastota, New York
- American male boxers