|Main ingredients||Jalapeño peppers, cheese, spices, breading, sometimes ground meat|
|Cookbook: Jalapeño popper Media: Jalapeño popper|
Jalapeño poppers, or jalapeño bites, are jalapeño peppers that have been hollowed out, stuffed with a mixture of cheese, spices, and sometimes ground meat, breaded and deep fried. Sometimes called an armadillo egg, especially if wrapped in bacon, a term in use since at least 1972 in Texas, antedating the trademark on "Jalapeno Poppers".  As chile relleno can be made with jalapeño, the jalapeño popper is probably a Tex-Mex version of that dish. The name Armadillo Eggs likely comes from the perceived similarity to Scotch Eggs.
Joey "Jaws" Chestnut holds the Major League Eating record for jalapeño poppers, eating 118 in 10 minutes at the University of Arizona on 8 April 2006. 
On April 30, 1992, Anchor Food Products applied for and later received a trademark on "Jalapeño Poppers"; however, the word "Poppers" had been trademarked in 1983 by the Poppers Supply Company of Portland, Oregon, for use with popcorn. On September 27, 1993, the Poppers Supply Company successfully applied for a trademark on "Poppers" when used for "coated and breaded vegetable pieces", which they held until the trademark was transferred to Anchor Food Products on September 12, 2001.
Leon's Texas Cuisine launched a line of cheese-stuffed, breaded, fried jalapeño product in 1985 called Jalitos; the company claims it is the original such product that was nationally distributed. 
- Fain, Lisa (February 2, 2011). "Armadillo Eggs Recipe". Homesick Texan (blog). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Butler, Tina (August 14, 2008). "Texas Jalapeno Poppers". Mommy's Kitchen (blog). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Knoth, Tom (June 23, 2014). "Atomic Buffalo Turds". Homes in Pine Mountain Lake (blog). Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- "Atomic Buffalo Turds". BBQ Addicts. July 21, 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- "Records". Major League Eating. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- on "Jalapeno Poppers" used for "processed vegetables"
- on "Poppers" when used for "Flavored and Unflavored Processed Popped Popcorn"
- on "Poppers" when used for "coated and breaded vegetable pieces"
- "Heinz Acquires Poppers Brand and Licensing Rights to T.G.I. Friday's Brand of Retail Snacks and Appetizers". H.J. Heinz Company (Press release). Pittsburgh. Business Wire. September 25, 2001. Retrieved 13 January 2016 – via The Free Library.
H.J. Heinz Company today announced that it has completed a transaction with Anchor Food Products Inc. to acquire Anchor's Poppers(R) retail frozen appetizers business … As stated previously, a third party, McCain Foods Limited, had agreed to acquire Anchor's production facilities
- "The Story of Leon's". Texas Cuisine. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "Jalitos". Texas Cuisine. Retrieved 19 August 2015.