James Brown House (Riverdale, Iowa)

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James Brown House
James Brown House (Riverdale, Iowa).JPG
James Brown House (Riverdale, Iowa) is located in Iowa
James Brown House (Riverdale, Iowa)
Location 424 State St.
Riverdale, Iowa
Coordinates 41°32′11.52″N 90°28′12.49″W / 41.5365333°N 90.4701361°W / 41.5365333; -90.4701361Coordinates: 41°32′11.52″N 90°28′12.49″W / 41.5365333°N 90.4701361°W / 41.5365333; -90.4701361
Area 5.8 acres (2.3 ha)
Built 1842
Architectural style Vernacular Greek Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 82002643 [1]
Added to NRHP March 5, 1982

The James Brown House is an historic property located in Riverdale, Iowa, United States. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1982.[1]

History[edit]

James Brown and his family are the first residents known to have lived in this house. He wrote to his wife from Davenport in 1844 that he had leased the house. He bought the property in 1854. The previous owners of the property were Amasa Doolittle and Aaron Moss, and one of them probably built the structure.[2] The Brown family continued to live in the house until around 1865. It became known as River View Farm and for thirty-five years it had a succession of owners. Davenport businessman James R. Nutting bought the property in 1900 and it remained in his family until 1920. Universal Atlas Portland Cement Company bought it from the Nuttings in the 1920s and then sold it to John Crissey in 1937. He restored and maintained the property for 30 years. Alcoa, which operates a plant across the highway, bought the house and grounds in 1967.

Architecture[edit]

The stone house is situated on 5.8 acres (2.3 ha) at the base of a bluff overlooking the Mississippi River. The two-story structure is a vernacular interpretation of the Greek Revival style. At the same time it reflects Roman or Jeffersonian Classicism found in the four columned front porch and carved balustrades, the raised basement, and tall chimney stacks.[2] The exterior walls and foundation are composed of coursed rubble stone that was quarried locally. For the most part the windows are the six-over-six variety with wood sashes set in rectangular surrounds. They also feature stone lintels and lug sills. The main entrance is topped with a rectangular transom that is broken by two engaged piers and flanked by side lights. The house is capped with a hipped roof that is sheathed in seamed tin. There are single gabled dormers on the north and south sides of the roof. At the roof line is a plain frieze and overhanging boxed cornice. Sometime before the turn of the 20th century a 1½-story clapboard addition was built onto the rear of the house. It was used as a blacksmith shop and as a summer kitchen.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b c Ralph J. Christian. "NRHP Inventory-Nomination: James Brown House" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-04-08. 

External links[edit]