James Zogby in Redmond, Washington 2010
|Born||James Joseph Zogby
(from Arabic: زغبي, Zuġbīy)
1945 (age 70–71)
Utica, New York
|Residence||Washington D.C. area|
|Alma mater||Le Moyne College, B.A.
Temple University, Ph.D
|Known for||President and Founder of Arab American Institute|
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Eileen P. McMahon|
|Relatives||John Zogby, brother
Selwa Stemmer, sister
James Joseph Zogby (born 1945) is the author of Arab Voices and the founder and president of the Arab American Institute (AAI), a Washington, D.C.–based organization which serves as a political and policy research arm of the Arab-American community. He is Managing Director of Zogby Research Services, LLC, specializing in research and communications and undertaking polling across the Arab world. In September 2013, Zogby was appointed to the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom by President Obama. Zogby is a lecturer and scholar on Middle East issues and a Visiting Professor of Social Research and Public Policy at New York University Abu Dhabi. He is also a member of the Executive Committee of the Democratic National Committee.
Early years and education
Zogby's ancestors immigrated from Lebanon. His father entered the United States illegally in 1922, but eventually obtained citizenship through a government policy of amnesty. Zogby was born in Utica, New York, to Cecilia Ann and Joseph, both of whom were born with the surname "Zogby".
He attended Le Moyne College in Syracuse New York where he graduated in 1967 with a bachelor's degree in economics. He went on to earn his Ph.D. in Islamic studies from Temple University in 1975. He studied at Princeton University in 1976 as a National Endowment for the Humanities post-doctoral fellow.
For the past three decades, Zogby has been involved in a full range of Arab American issues. During the late 1970s, Zogby was a founding member and leader of the Palestine Human Rights Campaign. In 1980, he co-founded the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee with former U.S. Senator James Abourezk and served as executive director until 1984. In 1982, while at ADC, Zogby helped create Save Lebanon, Inc., a private non-profit, non-sectarian humanitarian relief organization to fund social welfare projects in Lebanon and health care for Palestinian and Lebanese victims of war. In March 1985, Zogby founded the Arab American Institute, of which he is still president.
In 1993, Vice President Al Gore tapped Zogby to help lead Builders for Peace following the signing of the Israeli-Palestinian peace accord in Washington. As co-president of Builders, Zogby promoted business investment by Arab-Americans in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. In his capacity as co-president of Builders, Zogby frequently traveled to the Middle East with delegations led by Vice President Gore and late Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown. In 1994, Zogby led a U.S. delegation to the signing of the agreement in Cairo, Egypt, along with the Builders co-president, former U.S. Congressman Mel Levine. Zogby also chaired a forum on the Palestinian economy at the Casablanca Economic Summit. After 1994, through Builders, Zogby worked with a number of U.S. Agencies to promote and support Palestinian economic development including AID, OPIC, USTDA, and the Departments of State and Commerce.
Since 1992, Zogby has written Washington Watch, a weekly column on American politics for major Arab newspapers, which is published in 14 Arab and South Asian countries. He has authored several books, including What Ethnic Americans Really Think (The Zogby Culture Polls) and What Arabs Think: Values, Beliefs and Concerns. He also blogs at The Huffington Post and is a member of Politico's Arena. Zogby hosted a weekly interview and call-in discussion program, Viewpoint with James Zogby, about Middle East and world issues on Abu Dhabi Television which was broadcast in America on Link TV, DirecTV and Dish Network. The show has won an award at the Cairo Radio/Television Festival.
In 1984 and 1988, Zogby served as deputy campaign manager and senior advisor to the Jesse Jackson Presidential campaign. In 1995, he was appointed as co-convener of the National Democratic Ethnic Coordinating Committee (NDECC), an umbrella organization within the Democratic Party of leaders of European and Mediterranean descent, to which he was reelected in 1999 and 2001. Also in 2001, he was appointed to the Executive Committee of the Democratic National Committee (DNC), and in 2006 was also named co-chair of the DNC's Resolutions Committee. He served as Al Gore's Senior Advisor on Ethnic Outreach, a post he also held in the 2008 Obama Campaign.
As an author and scholar on Middle East issues and the Arab-American community, Zogby has over the years been invited to testify before a number of Congressional Committees and Executive branch forums, including on the subject of Arab attitudes toward the United States. He has been a guest speaker in the Secretary's Open Forum at the U.S. Department of State. Zogby has also addressed the United Nations and other international forums. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Zogby was appointed to the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom by President Obama in 2013 and reappointed to a second term in 2015.
|This section relies too much on references to primary sources. (January 2016)|
||This section relies excessively on partisan sources. (January 2016)|
In 1998, Yehudit Barsky of the American Jewish Committee wrote a piece critical of Zogby in the Middle East Quarterly. Among her criticism was that "Zogby [wants] to make Arab Americans more powerful than Jewish Americans and to be their preeminent leader." In 1999, the Anti-Defamation League criticized a threat by the Arab American Institute, Zogby's organization, and other Muslim-American and Arab-American groups to boycott Burger King that resulted in the burger chain closing its franchise in an Israeli settlement in the occupied West Bank. In 2013, when Zogby was appointed to the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, Michael Rubin, writing in Commentary, said that Zogby was not the right person to fight for freedom of religion in the Middle East at a time when religious minorities were under siege there.
Zogby has been the target of repeated anti-Arab threats, for which at least three men have been convicted and sent to prison. In 1980, Zogby's office in Washington, D.C. was fire-bombed. In July 2006, Zogby and other senior Arab American Institute employees were threatened in emails and voice mail messages which Patrick Syring, a career Foreign Service Officer of the U.S. State Department, sent during the 2006 Lebanon War. Syring accused Zogby and the Arab American Institute of being part of Hezbollah, and Zogby of being an anti-Semite. Syring said "The only good Lebanese is a dead Lebanese. The only good Arab is a dead Arab." In one email, Syring wrote, "You wicked evil Hezbollah-supporting Arabs should burn in the fires of hell for eternity and beyond. The United States would be safer without you.". Subsequently, in a March 2008 e-mail to a television station which had aired an interview with Zogby, Syring accused Zogby and the Arab American Institute of "promoting the interests of Hezbollah, Hamas and Arab terror. Syring was sentenced July 11, 2008, to one year in prison for civil rights violations. He was released early on January 30, 2009.
Awards and honors
In 1995, Le Moyne College awarded Zogby an honorary doctor of laws degree and in 1997, named him the college's outstanding alumnus. In 2007, Temple University College of Liberal Arts also singled out Zogby as an outstanding alumnus. In 2008 American University of Cairo awarded him an honorary doctorate. Zogby was also named an Honorary Patron of the University Philosophical Society, Trinity College, Dublin.
- Arab Voices: What They Are Saying to Us, and Why it Matters, James Zogby, Palgrave Macmillan (October 2010), ISBN 978-0230102996
- "Dr. James Zogby Biography". Arab American Institute. 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
- Zogby, James (October 2010). Arab Voices: What They Are Saying to Us, and Why it Matters. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-230-10299-9.
- "NYUAD Faculty". New York University Abu Dhabi.
- Faraq, Fatemah (2002-09-12). "Profile: James Zogby, an American identity, an Arab heritage". Al-Ahram Weekly On-Line. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
- "Dr. Zogby Speaks at Conference Commemorating the 45th Anniversary of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964". Arab American Institute. 2009-07-20. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
- "Blog Entries by James Zogby". Huffington Post. 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
- "Meet the Staff". Arab American Institute. 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
- Zogby, James (2001-05-01). What Ethnic Americans Really Think (The Zogby culture polls). Zogby International. ISBN 978-0-9712255-0-3.
- Zogby, James (2002-09-15). What Arabs Think: Values, Beliefs and Concerns. Zogby International. ISBN 978-0-9712255-4-1.
- "James J. Zogby's Recent Discussions". The Arena: Politico's daily debate with policymakers and opinion shapers. Politico. 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
- Elshinnawi, Mohamed (2007-05-24). "Congress Addresses Arab Anti-Americanism". Voice of America News. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
- Zogby, James (2009-07-27). "Our Path". Arab American Institute. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
- Cauvin, Henri E. (2007-08-16). "Federal Worker Faces Charges In Threats Against Arab Group". The Washington Post.
- Johnson, Carrie (2008-07-12). "Ex-Diplomat Sentenced for Anti-Arab Threats". The Washington Post.
- "Patrick Syring". Inmate Locator. Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- "Former Foreign Service Officer Pleads Guilty to Federal Civil Rights Charges" (Press release). U.S. Department of Justice. 2008-06-12. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
- Schudel (2008-12-07). "Former U.S. diplomat gets year in prison for anti-Arab remarks". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
- "zogbyresearchservices.com". Zogby Research Services, LLC
- Washington Watch. Arab American Institute weekly policy column
- Viewpoint. Arab American Institute weekly television interview program
- Column archives at The Huffington Post
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- James Zogby at the Internet Movie Database
- Works by or about James Zogby in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Collected news and commentary at Al Jazeera English
- "A Preview: Challenges in the Middle East" (Video), speech before the Foreign Press Center, U.S. Department of State, (February 4, 2009)
- "Obama and the Middle East" (Audio), Chatham House event (February 9, 2011)
- "Understanding America's Right Wing, Part Two". MediaMonitors.net. James Zogby (June 4, 2002)
- "It's Still the US Mideast Policy, Stupid" at the Wayback Machine (archived June 9, 2009). Jerusalemites.org. James Zogby (August 16, 2004)