Janeshwar Mishra Park, Lucknow

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Janeshwar Mishra Park
Janeshwar Mishra Park.jpg
Man-made lake at the park premises.
Type Public park
Location Gomti Nagar in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates 26°50′06″N 80°59′19″E / 26.834899°N 80.988686°E / 26.834899; 80.988686Coordinates: 26°50′06″N 80°59′19″E / 26.834899°N 80.988686°E / 26.834899; 80.988686
Area 376 acres (1.52 km1)
Created 2014 (2014)[1]
Operated by Lucknow Development Authority
Status Open year round
Pandit Janeshwar Mishra's idol in the park.

Janeshwar Mishra Park is an urban park operating in Gomti Nagar in Lucknow, India.

It was made in memory of late politician Janeshwar Mishra from Samajwadi Party. The park was inaugurated for general public of the city on 5 August 2014. It is claimed to be Asia's 10th largest garden.

History[edit]

The chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, Akhilesh Yadav (session 2012-2017) laid the foundation stone of the park on 6 August 2012.[2] The park was a dream project of SP chief Mulayam Singh Yadav who had asked his son and UP CM Akhilesh Yadav to dedicate a park in the name of Janeshwar Mishra. It was developed with a cost of 168 crores($276,026.668).[3] The park was modeled with Hyde Park in London as an inspiration.

Background[edit]

Lucknow Development Authority (LDA) has developed eco-friendly Janeshwar Mishra Park (JMP) in the heart of the city. It has been conceptualised and designed as a multi-functional environmental and recreational green which will not just provide sustainable habitat for various species of birds but also double up as a major entertainment and recreation centre for all sections of the society. It will enhance and improve the ecological balance and help restore sensitive habitat for numerous species of birds, small animals, fishes, amphibians and even insects. The design direction for the park is centered on the strategy for sustainable development that aims to promote harmony among human beings and between humanity and nature. The pursuit of sustainable development requires a social system that provides for solutions for the tensions arising from disharmonious development. The site has a gentle and general slope towards south to north and greater gradient towards eastern and western sides where it will house water bodies. As per Lucknow Master Plan, the site falls in green belt and was visualized as a city forest. However, due to manifold reasons the site is now proposed to be developed a park to meet the social and recreational needs of the neighbouring population. However, whilst permitting the change from city forest to landscaped park.

Area characteristics[edit]

The site measures around 376 acres and is located in Gomti Nagar extension, Part-1. It lies between Lucknow and Faizabad Northern Railway line in north-eastern side and rich fertile plains of River Gomti on southern side. The site for the park is bordered by river Gomti and a bund road on the other side. Owing to its location, the site will serve as a recreation area and a green lung to the local population likely to move in the LDA housing. The bund road offers a vantage location to enjoy

fully developed panoramic view of the site.

Accessibility[edit]

The site can be accessed from four different directions and therefore four separate entries in North and South-East direction are located at suitable points. The site is also bound by a 45m Row Bund road on the River side with embankment. The site can always be accessed by private modes such as cars and two wheelers but not many public transport options such as buses are available for the members of the public.

Water bodies/waterways/fountains[edit]

Two large water bodies on the site have been developed with a view to harness migratory birds and provide haven for birds in winter and summer months through the creation of lagoons and marshy lands. The area of water body no.1 is 14 acre. There is a splendid bio-diversity in India and a great number of birds arrive from numerous locales all around the world throughout the year. Some of the birds that migrate to Indian wetlands in winter season are Siberian cranes, greater flamingos, ruffs, white wagtails, rosy pelicans, spotted sandpipers, starlings, and gadwalls. Birds that migrate in summer are knob-billed ducks, blue-cheeked bee-eaters, blue-tailed bee-eaters, cuckoos, etc.

The second water body consists of a fresh water lake spread over an area of 18 Acre on the southern corner of the site. The lakes will be interconnected with a meandering tree lined channel to ensure all-weather perenniality. Collectively, the two lakes along with the channel will cover an area of approximately 20 Ha. And will account for nearly 15% of the park area. A regular supply of water for the lakes and park will be provided and maintained from various sources such as: Diversion of flow: The flow in the drain shall be diverted to the proposed STP through a covered canal from the main drain flowing through the park. Controlling sluice gates would be provided at the off take from the main canal and the inlet of the STP

Park circulation[edit]

A series of jogging, cycling and walkways are built in the park. The total length of such track/s are 5.28 km., 8.85 km. and 10.5 km. respectively. The system of jogging tracks, cycling tracks and pedestrian paths has been identified in the ratio of 2:3:4. These facilities are barrier free for disabled and old aged members of the society. Proposed ornamental bridge Walkways

The walkways are designed in curvaceous manner to maximize the visual potential of the site and provide the inter-linkages to various activities proposed in the park. They run all along and across the park, along the water bodies, connecting cultural hub and theme gardens, parking and

Cycle tracks[edit]

The park is designed with exclusive and extensive cycle tracks that provider an excellent visual and cycling delight to the visitors. The total length of the proposed cycle track is 5.28 km that is deemed sufficient for the site. The typical cross sections of the cycle track are given in the figure below. Adequate cycling infrastructure i.e. cycles, parking and sit outs along with cycle tracks will be provided. A suitable management system for the use of cycles is there so that visitors can ride the bicycles for a defined duration on individual or group booking basis.

Jogging track[edit]

The series of connected and inter-connected Jogging tracks are built for the park. The total length for such tracks is 8.85 km and width is 3.0 m. It is expected that a huge rush using this facility in the morning hours Some professional athletes may also use this facility for training purposes. 2. Out of this Jogging Track of 1.5 length has been laid them. The track is divided into two parts one is long and other one is inscribed in it

Park lighting[edit]

Along the path there are 400 light pole have been installed. On these pole LED light bulbs are attached which conserve the energy. Poles are high styling, greater finish, premium grade, support construction and corrosion resistant, their antique finish and colour enhances the land scape of entire project. In addition to the quality of poles the LED 60 W & 30W fixtures give an additional flavour to the complete installation with their crystal effect light output throughout the jogging and cycling track just giving a feel of natural God made chandeliers. In addition to above park lighting landscape lighting is additional feature to highlight the entrance plaza as well as landscape work.

Signage and furniture[edit]

The signage includes directional and warning signs in order to orient and direct the visitors to their desired section of the park. The signage is placed at strategic and important decision points so as to enable visitors to make informed choices. The size, colour, shape, texture etc. are in accordance to the theme of the park and supplement the ambience offered by the space. The garden furniture includes aesthetically designed benches, sit outs, seats, bleachers etc. The park is kept neat and clean with the help of refuse bins and information kiosks.

Public amenities[edit]

The public amenities include public toilets, eateries, souvenir shops, food plaza, restaurants etc. The peak load on a general weekend is expected to be nearly 10,000 visitors and thus appropriate facilities have been provided. There are 8 blocks placed at suitable locations for the peak visitor load. It include sufficient mix of gents and ladies toilets along with handicapped facilities.

Entry plazas[edit]

The entry plaza incorporate a small administration building with utilities and facilities such as ticket counter, enquiry counter etc. with somber materials and pastel shades of colour depicting harmonizing social values. It has been designed as a massive open space so as to accommodate the huge rush expected on weekends and designed carefully to divert and differentiate between entering and exiting traffic.

Statue design[edit]

A statue of Mr. Janeshwar Mishra is installed at an important location within the park. The statue 25 feet tall. It has been placed on a high location so as to make it visible from all corners of the park.

Amphitheatre/theme gardens

An amphitheatre and playing field is projected as a cultural hub where cultural and sports activities are anticipated and thus help attract all sorts of vibrant activities. This vibrancy is an important part of the landscape design since it will eliminate the monotony and stillness from the otherwise vast area. The amphitheatre is attract social, cultural and even political activists/groups that with organize and conducts various events such as plays, dramas, skits, festivals, competitions, music concerts or even religious/political gatherings etc. Some of the other locations within the site is developed as congregation and sit-out-spaces. Theme gardens are gardens within garden and essentially include a wide area, landscaped based on a theme.

Children's play areas[edit]

A well designed children's park with various types and sizes of play areas. The most common are swings, slides, homes, enclosures etc. These play areas has been tastefully designed with bright colours and appropriate ergonomics. There are special emphasis on the safety and security of children by installing warning and danger signs all along the play area. There are sitting area for parents/ guardians.

Parking and circulation[edit]

There are three main entry points. Sufficient parking areas are developed adjacent to entry. The parking locations are concentrated near entry points and a large parking lot is provided on the main entry river.

Plants[edit]

Trees, shrubs and flowers are planted inn the suitable location of the park, The varieties of the plants are as follows.

Trees[edit]

  • Adensonia
  • Anthocephalus cadamba
  • Albizzia
  • Alstonia scholaris
  • Anthocephalus kadamba
  • Acasia aurculiformis
  • Bauhinia blakeana
  • Bauhinia purpurata
  • Bombax ceiba
  • Butea monosperma
  • Bambusa ventricosa
  • Callistemon Citrnus (Green)
  • Callistemon (golden bottel brush)
  • Callistemon (coper bottel brush)
  • Calophyllum inophyllum
  • Cassia nodosa
  • Cassia fistula
  • Cassia Semia
  • Cassia Spectabilis
  • Casurina
  • Chorisia speciosa
  • Chorisia speciosa
  • Crataeva religiosa
  • Cordia sebestena
  • Ceiba pendandra
  • Couroupita guianensis
  • Delonix regia
  • Dellenia indica
  • Erythrina crystagalli
  • Ficus Benjamiana
  • Ficus Benjamiana
  • Ficus Benjamiana
  • Ficus Alley
  • Ficus Nuda
  • Ficus Yellow
  • Ficus Black
  • Ficus Yellow
  • Ficus Black
  • Ficus Marginata
  • Ficus Citation
  • Ficus Infectoria
  • Ficus Bengalensis (green)
  • Ficus Bengalensis (verigated)
  • Ficus Panda
  • Ficus Goldstar
  • Ficus Lyrata
  • Filicium decipiens
  • Grevillea robusta
  • Grevillea robusta
  • Jacaranda mimusifolia
  • Junipers Chineses
  • Kagelia Pinnata
  • Lagerstromia flosreginae
  • Lagerstromia Thorellii
  • Magnolia grandiflora
  • Melaluca Glauca
  • Melia azardirach
  • Michelia champaka
  • Millingtonia hortensis
  • Mimusops Elengi
  • Nyctanthes arbortristies
  • Pines
  • Peltophorum ferruginium
  • Plumerea alba
  • Polyalthia longifolia
  • Polyalthia (Ashok serpence)
  • Polyalthia saraca indica
  • Putrangia roxburgii
  • Rauwolfia serpentina
  • Salix babylonica (Weeping villow)
  • Samanea saman
  • Spathodea campunalata
  • Schleichera trijuga
  • Seietenia mahogoni
  • Tamarindus indica
  • Terminalia arjuna
  • Terminalia catappa
  • Tabebuia Argentea
  • Tabebuia avellanedae
  • Tabebuia chrysantha
  • Tabebuia donnell-smithii
  • Tabebuia pallida
  • Tabebuia palmeri
  • Tabebuia rosea
  • Chinar

Palms[edit]

  • Areca Catechu
  • Bismarcia nobilis
  • Bottle palm (40-50 in circum)
  • Caryota urens
  • Crysalido carpus
  • Cycas circinalis small
  • Cycas circinalis big
  • Cycas revoluta big
  • Fish tail palm
  • Fox tail palm
  • Livistonia filifera
  • Pritchardia pacifica big
  • Pritchardia pacifica small
  • Raphis excelsa
  • Ravenala madagascariensis (Traveler Palm)
  • Wodyetia Bifurcata
  • Washing tonia palm (Stem Ht without leaf)
  • Washing tonia palm (Stem Height)

Tall shrubs[edit]

  • Alpinia purpurata
  • Bauhinia galpinij
  • Bauhinia Tomentoas
  • Cassia grandis
  • Cassia javanica
  • Euphorbia pulcherima
  • Euphorbia Regia
  • Nerium oleander (pink)
  • Nerium oleander dwarf
  • Nerium olender (Red)

Medium shrubs[edit]

  • Acalypha rosea
  • Allamanda Nerifolia
  • Brunfelsia Americana
  • Cleodendrum Inerme
  • Caesalpinia pulcherimma
  • Calliandra emerginata
  • Calliandra brevipes
  • Calliandra hamaetocephylla
  • Cassia alata
  • Cassia biflora
  • Cadiaeum
  • Cestrum noctrum
  • Carissa caranda
  • Daedalacanthus nervosus
  • Duranta species
  • Erythrina blakei
  • Euphoriba cotinifolia
  • Euphoriba leucocephala
  • Ficus pand golden top
  • Franciscea bicolor
  • Galphimia nitida
  • Gerinium mix
  • Hibiscus viceroy
  • Hymenocallis
  • Hymenocallis speciosa
  • Hamelia Patens
  • Hawaiian hibiscus (pink)
  • Hawaiian hibiscus (Red)
  • Hawaiian hibiscus (violet)
  • Hawaiian hibiscus (white)
  • Hawaiian hibiscus (yellow)
  • Ixora Duffy
  • Justicai ovata
  • Jacobinia spps.
  • Jasminum grandiflora
  • Jathropa padurifolia
  • Lagerstromia theorelli
  • Leea coccinea burgandy
  • Leea coccinea green
  • Leucophyllum frutescens
  • Lavendula
  • Mussaenda erythrophylla
  • Murraya exotica
  • Nyctanthes arboritritis
  • Nerium oleander
  • Ocimum basilicum
  • Ocimum santum
  • Pennisetum reupelli
  • Pentas lanceolataelectra
  • Plumbago capensis (blue)
  • Pennisetum species
  • Plumbago Auriculata
  • Pogostemon patchouli
  • Pachystachs lutea
  • Pseddoranthem urn reticulatum
  • Polyscias balforiana
  • Rose Mary
  • Resselia juncea
  • Scented Gereniums mix
  • Tabarnamontana dwarf
  • Tagetes patula
  • Tabernaemontana coronaria
  • Tecoma Capensis
  • Tecoma Gaurichauri
  • Tecoma stans
  • Umbrella Palm
  • Yucca aloifolia
  • Ficus Panda
  • Heliconia pstittacorum
  • Ixora Dwarf
  • Spathyphyllum
  • Dianella

Ground cover[edit]

  • Wadelia trilobata
  • Altenethera (Red)
  • Asparagus sprengeri
  • Asparagus myreci
  • Catharanthus rosea
  • Chlorophytum comosum
  • Crassula argentea
  • Cuphea hyssopifolia (white)
  • Cuphea hyssoptfolia
  • Cuphea hyssopifolia (violet)
  • Cymbopogon flexosu
  • Duranta goldeana
  • Evovulutus
  • Juniperus Prostata
  • Lantana white
  • Lantana sellowiana
  • Nepnrolepis exaltata
  • Ophiopogon Jaburan (Dwarf)
  • Ophiopogon variegated
  • Puranta rapens Golden Dew
  • Portulaca (orange)
  • Rullia roea
  • Reinwardia trigyna
  • Reinwerdia indica
  • Scindapsus arueus gold
  • Syngonium spp.
  • Tradescantia zebrine pendula
  • Termalia ulmifolia
  • Vetveria zizanoides
  • Verbinas
  • Zaphranthes grandiflora (pink)
  • Miniature Lilly

Climbers/creepers[edit]

  • Adenocallyma allysia
  • Bougainvillea white
  • Bougainvillea shubra
  • Bignonia venusta
  • Bougainvillea spp.
  • Clerodendron splendens
  • Ficus repens
  • Fully grown Bouginvilla in 24" cement pot
  • Jacquemontia Violacea(blue)
  • Petrea vijbillis
  • Quisqualis indica
  • Thunbergia laurifolia
  • Tecoma grandifolia
  • Veromia elaegnifolia
  • Wisteria sinensis

Hedges[edit]

  • Clerodendron nermery
  • Murraya exotica
  • Putringava

Topiary[edit]

  • Ficus Black
  • Ficus Black
  • Ficus Yellow
  • Ficus Yellow
  • Ficus Panda
  • Ficus Panda
  • Ficus Longifolia

Bamboos[edit]

  • Jaint bamboo
  • Buddhaweli bamboo
  • Yellow bamboo
  • Green bamboo
  • Black bamboo
  • Bamboo grass
  • Cane Bamboo
  • Eatable Bamboo

Features[edit]

The architectural and development blueprint has been drafted by the prestigious New Delhi-based School of Planning and Architecture. The park has a long meandering walkway. There is an exclusive cycle track running over with cycle parking facility. Also, there are jogging track that can be used by professional athletes.

The park boasts the following features:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brace for London-like outing in Lucknow". http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/. 4 August 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014. External link in |publisher= (help)
  2. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/lucknow/Janeshwar-Mishra-Park-to-come-up-over-330-acres/articleshow/15368713.cms
  3. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/lucknow/Brace-for-London-like-outing-in-Lucknow/articleshow/39580364.cms
  4. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/lucknow/Brace-for-London-like-outing-in-Lucknow/articleshow/39580364.cms