Akhilesh Yadav

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Akhilesh Yadav
Leader of the Opposition of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
26 March 2022
GovernorAnandiben Patel
Preceded byRam Govind Chaudhary
Member of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
10 March 2022
Preceded bySobaran Singh Yadav
ConstituencyKarhal
20th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
15 March 2012 – 19 March 2017
Preceded byMayawati
Succeeded byYogi Adityanath
President of the Samajwadi Party
Assumed office
1 January 2017
Preceded byMulayam Singh Yadav
Member of Parliament (MP) in Lok Sabha
In office
30 May 2019 – 22 March 2022
Preceded byMulayam Singh Yadav
Succeeded byDinesh Lal Yadav
ConstituencyAzamgarh
In office
2000–2012
Preceded byMulayam Singh Yadav
Succeeded byDimple Yadav
ConstituencyKannauj
Member of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council
In office
2012–2018
Constituencyelected by Legislative Assembly members
Personal details
Born (1973-07-01) 1 July 1973 (age 50)
Saifai, Uttar Pradesh, India
Political partySamajwadi Party
Spouse
(m. 1999)
RelationsShivpal Singh Yadav (uncle)
Children3
Parent
Residence(s)1 Vikramaditya Marg, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India[1]
Alma materJSS Science and Technology University (B.E.)
University of Sydney (M.E.)
ProfessionPolitician, civil engineer

Akhilesh Yadav (pronunciation; born 1 July 1973)[2] is an Indian politician and national president of the Samajwadi Party who served as the 20th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.[3] Having assumed the chief minister's office on 15 March 2012 at the age of 38, he is the youngest person to have held the office to date.[4] Yadav is the Leader of Opposition in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly since March 2022, an elected Member of Parliament for Azamgarh in the 17th Lok Sabha, and the incumbent Member of Legislative Assembly for Karhal in the 18th Vidhan Sabha.[5]

His first significant success in politics was being elected as the Member of the 13th Lok Sabha in the year 2000 for the Kannauj constituency. He is the son of Mulayam Singh Yadav, a veteran Indian politician and the founder of Samajwadi Party who served as Minister of Defence, Government of India and three term Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

Early life and education[edit]

Yadav was born on 1 July 1973 in Saifai, Etawah District, Uttar Pradesh. He was born to Malti Devi and Mulayam Singh Yadav, later Chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.[6] Malti Devi suffered complications while giving birth to Akhilesh which put her in a vegetative state. She died in 2003. With Mulayam Singh Yadav busy making a career in politics, Akhilesh was brought up mostly by his paternal grandparents.

He completed his early education in a local school in Saifai and then one in Etawah town.[7] He was schooled at Dholpur Military School in Dholpur, Rajasthan, then obtained his Bachelor's and master's degrees in Civil Environmental Engineering at JSS Science and Technology University, Mysore, Karnataka, India. Akhilesh Yadav also holds a master's degree in environmental engineering from the University of Sydney, Australia.[8][9]

Political career[edit]

Yadav was elected to the 13th Lok Sabha from Kannauj in a by-election in 2000.[9] He was also a member of the Committee on Food, Civil Supplies, and Public Distribution.[10][11] Yadav served as a Member of the Committee on Ethics from 2000 to 2001[12] and in 2004 was elected as a member of the 14th Lok Sabha for a second term. He was at times a member of the following committees: Committee on Urban Development, Committee on Provision of Computers for various departments, Committee on Science and Technology, and Committee on Environment and Forests.

From 2009–2012 Yadav was elected and served as a member of the 15th Lok Sabha for a second term. During this period he was a member of the following committees: Member of the Committee on Environment and Forests, Committee on Science and Technology, and the JPC on the 2G spectrum case. On 10 March 2012 he was appointed as leader of the Samajwadi Party in Uttar Pradesh. On 15 March 2012, at the age of 38, he became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the youngest to hold the office.[13]

In May 2012 Yadav resigned from the Kannauj parliamentary seat to further serve as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh after his party won the Assembly elections.[14] In the same month he became Member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative council.[15] In the 2017 Assembly elections, the SP-Congress Alliance headed by Yadav was unable to form the government. He submitted his resignation to Governor Ram Naik on 11 March.[16]

The 2019 Indian general elections and 2022 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly elections saw Yadav being elected to the parliament and state assembly simultaneously, with Yadav later retaining his state assembly seat, and thereby submitting his resignation in the Lok Sabha.[17]

Chief Minister of UP[edit]

Yadav was sworn in as the 20th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh on 15 March 2012, at the age of 38, winning 224 seats in the March 2012 assembly elections.[13] During his tenure, the Agra-Lucknow Expressway, which is the most modern and longest expressway in India, being the first of its kind to be built in the shortest span of time, was completed and inaugurated.[18][19][20] Yadav also launched the "UP100 Police Service",[21] "Women Power Line 1090"[22] and "108 Ambulance Service".[23] Infrastructural accomplishments of his government include projects like the Lucknow Metro Rail,[24] Lucknow International Ekana Cricket Stadium,[25] Janeshwar Mishra Park (Asia's largest park),[26] Jayaprakash Narayan International Convection Center, IT city, Lucknow-Ballia Purvanchal Expressway et al.[27]

His chief ministerial tenure also saw emphasis on developing power sector, modernising the police force, setting up Kisan Bazaars and Mandis, introducing social welfare schemes such as Lohiya Awas Yojana, Kanya Vidya Dhan, Kisan Avam Sarvhit Bima Yojana, Pension Yojna and allotting unemployment allowances.[28][27] Between 2012-2015, over 15 Lakh laptops were distributed to the 10th and 12th passout students by the Government of Uttar Pradesh, making it one of the largest distribution scheme by any government in the world.[29]

Positions held[edit]

Akhilesh Yadav has been elected 1 time as MLA and 4 times as Lok Sabha MP.[30]

# From To Position Party
1. 2000 2004 MP (1st term) in 13th Lok Sabha from Kannauj (by-poll) SP
2. 2004 2009 MP (2nd term) in 14th Lok Sabha from Kannauj SP
3. 2009 2012 MP (3rd term) in 15th Lok Sabha from Kannauj (resigned in 2012) and Firozabad (resigned in 2009) SP
4. 2012 2018 * MLC (1st term) in Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council
* Chief Minister (1st term) in Government of UP (2012-2017)
SP
5. 2019 2022 MP (4th term) in 17th Lok Sabha from Azamgarh (resigned in 2022) SP
6. 2022 Present * MLA (1st term) from Karhal
*Leader of the Opposition of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly
SP

Personal life[edit]

Akhilesh Yadav is married to Dimple Yadav, who is a Member of Parliament. The couple have two daughters namely Aditi and Tina, and a son, Arjun. Akhilesh by profession, is a Civil engineer, agriculturist, and socio-political worker. He has a keen interest in sports, mainly football and cricket. His favourite pastimes are reading, listening to music, and watching films.[31]

Since Yadav became chief minister, his family was divided into two feuding groups, one siding with him and the other with his uncle Shivpal Singh Yadav. Akhilesh had the support of his father's cousin, Ram Gopal Yadav, while Shivpal later went on to make his own political party, the Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (Lohia), which ahead of 2022 elections joined the SP+ coalition, with Shivpal being elected as an MLA on an SP ticket.[32]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CM moves to new residence at Vikramaditya Marg". Daily Pioneer. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Members Bioprofile". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav Biography". oneindia.com. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav Biography". elections.in. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Uttar Pradesh Leader Biodata" (PDF). Government of India.
  6. ^ "Members Bioprofile". Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  7. ^ Dixit, Neha (1 September 2015). "Everybody's Brother. Akhilesh Yadav in the family business". The Caravan. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  8. ^ "10 things you want to know about Akhilesh Yadav". NDTV. 21 March 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  9. ^ a b Yadav, Shyamlal (9 March 2022). "Akhilesh Yadav, Mulayam Singh's successor and 20th UP CM". The Indian Express. Retrieved 3 April 2023.
  10. ^ "Yadav, Shri Akhilesh - Lok Sabha Profile". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav". Hindustan Times. 20 March 2004. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  12. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav Biography - About family, political life, awards won, history". www.elections.in. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  13. ^ a b "Akhilesh Yadav becomes UP's youngest chief minister". India Today. IANS. 15 March 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  14. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav's wife Dimple to contest Kannauj Lok Sabha by-polls". India Today. PTI. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  15. ^ Tripathi, Ashish (19 April 2012). "Akhilesh Yadav elected unopposed for UP legislative council". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  16. ^ "UP elections: Chief minister Akhilesh Yadav resigns". Hindustan Times. Press Trust of India. 11 March 2017. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  17. ^ Pandey, Alok (22 March 2022). Ghosh, Deepshikha (ed.). "Akhilesh Yadav Quits As MP, He Was Elected Uttar Pradesh MLA". NDTV. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  18. ^ Som, Vishnu (21 November 2016). Ghosh, Deepshikha (ed.). "6 Jets Touch Down For Opening Of Agra-Lucknow Expressway, India's Longest". NDTV. Archived from the original on 22 November 2016.
  19. ^ Chauhan, Arvind (13 November 2016). "8 IAF fighter jets to touch down Agra-Lucknow Expressway/ Taj Expressway on Nov 21". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  20. ^ "Eight fighter jets to land on Agra-Lucknow expressway/ Taj Expressway". Business Insider. Times News Network. 14 November 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  21. ^ "UP chief minister Akhilesh Yadav launches state's emergency response system UP-100". Economic Times. 19 November 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  22. ^ "Chief Minister Mr. Akhilesh Yadav inaugurated the modern police control room & mobile Aap Women Power Line 1090". Musing India. Musing India. 21 November 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  23. ^ "Akhilesh launches free, 24x7 ambulance service". The Hindu. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  24. ^ Singh, Ramendra (2 December 2016). "Akhilesh flags off Lucknow Metro; will be open to public only in March". The Indian Express. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  25. ^ "Int'l stadium may host first cricket match in 2015". Times of India. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Janeshwar Mishra Park to come up over 330 acres". The Times of India. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  27. ^ a b Kumar, Sudhir (16 January 2017). "अखिलेश की यह TOP 20 योजनाएं उन्हें फिर बनाएंगी मुख्यमंत्री!" [These top 20 schemes of Akhilesh will make him the Chief Minister again!]. Patrika News (in Hindi). Archived from the original on 31 October 2020. Retrieved 28 October 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  28. ^ Rahil (25 August 2018). "List of biggest achievements of Akhilesh Yadav as Uttar Pradesh's Chief Minister". Indian Wire. Achievements. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  29. ^ "Uttar Pradesh government to give free laptops to class X, XII pass out students". The Indian Express. PTI. 24 June 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
  30. ^ "Member Profile". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  31. ^ Goyal, Shikha (20 January 2022). "Akhilesh Yadav biography". Jagran. Retrieved 20 January 2022.
  32. ^ Rai, Manmohan (29 August 2016). "Infighting erupts in ruling Yadav family in UP, Mulayam continues to pull the power strings". The Economic Times. Retrieved 5 April 2017.

External links[edit]

Lok Sabha
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Kannauj

2000 – 2012
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Azamgarh

2019 – 2022
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
15 March 2012 – 20 March 2017
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by President
Samajwadi Party

1 January 2017 – Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent