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Akhilesh Yadav

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Akhilesh Yadav
UP CM Akhilesh Yadav in a meeting1FB2FBB5-DCA5-45B0-AE7E-9C008212F85D.jpg
President of the Samajwadi Party
Assumed office
1 January 2017
Preceded byMulayam Singh Yadav
21st Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
15 March 2012 – 19 March 2017
GovernorRam Naik
Aziz Qureshi
Banwari Lal Joshi
Preceded byMayawati
Succeeded byYogi Adityanath
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
Assumed office
23 May 2019
Preceded byMulayam Singh Yadav
ConstituencyAzamgarh
In office
2000–2012
Preceded byMulayam Singh Yadav
Succeeded byDimple Yadav
ConstituencyKannauj
Member of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council
In office
2012–2018
Personal details
Born (1973-07-01) 1 July 1973 (age 48)
Saifai, Uttar Pradesh, India
NationalityIndian
Political partySamajwadi Party
Spouse(s)Dimple Yadav
RelationsShivpal Singh Yadav (uncle)
Ram Gopal Yadav (uncle)
Dharmendra Yadav (cousin)
Akshay Yadav (cousin)
Tej Pratap Singh Yadav (nephew)
Children3
Parent(s)
Residence1 Vikramaditya Marg, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh[1]
Alma materJSS Science and Technology University (B.E.)
University of Sydney (M.E.)
ProfessionPolitician

Akhilesh Yadav (audio speaker iconpronunciation ; born 1 July 1973)[2] is an Indian politician and national president of the Samajwadi Party who served as the 20th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017.[3] Having assumed office on 15 March 2012 at the age of 38, he is the youngest person to have held the office.[4] Yadav is the Member of Parliament for Azamgarh in the 17th Lok Sabha, being elected in 2019.

His first significant success in politics was being elected as the Member of the Lok Sabha for the Kannauj constituency in 2000. He is the son of veteran politician Mulayam Singh Yadav, the founder-patron of Samajwadi Party who has served as the Minister of Defence in the Government of India and three terms as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

Early life and education

Yadav was born on 1 July 1973 in Saifai, Etawah District, Uttar Pradesh. He was born to Malti Devi and Mulayam Singh Yadav, later Chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.[5] Malti Devi suffered complications while giving birth to Akhilesh which put her in a vegetative state. She died in 2003. With Mulayam Singh Yadav busy making a career in politics, Akhilesh was brought up mostly by his paternal grandparents. He completed his early education in a local school in Saifai and then one in Etawah town[6] He was schooled at the Military School in Dholpur, Rajasthan, then obtained his Bachelor's and master's degrees in Civil Environmental Engineering at JSS Science and Technology University. He also has a master's degree in environmental engineering from the University of Sydney, Australia.[7]He is married to Dimple Yadav, a former Member of Parliament.

Political career

Yadav was elected to the 13th Lok Sabha from Kannauj in a by-election in 2000. He was also a member of the Committee on Food, Civil Supplies, and Public Distribution.[8][9] Yadav served as a Member of the Committee on Ethics from 2000 to 2001[10] and in 2004 was elected as a member of the 14th Lok Sabha for a second term. He was at times a member of the following committees: Committee on Urban Development, Committee on Provision of Computers for various departments, Committee on Science and Technology, and Committee on Environment and Forests.

From 2009–2012 Yadav was elected and served as a member of the 15th Lok Sabha for a second term. During this period he was a member of the following committees: Member of the Committee on Environment and Forests, Committee on Science and Technology, and the JPC on the 2G spectrum case.On 10 March 2012 he was appointed as leader of the Samajwadi Party in Uttar Pradesh. On 15 March 2012, at the age of 38, he became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the youngest to hold the office.[11]

In May 2012 Yadav resigned from the Kannauj parliamentary seat to further serve as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh after his party won the Assembly elections.[12] In the same month he became Member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative council.[13] In the 2017 Assembly elections, the SP-Congress Alliance headed by Yadav was unable to form the government. He submitted his resignation to Governor Ram Naik on 11 March.[14] In May 2019 he was elected as the Member of Parliament from Azamgarh Lok Sabha constituency.

Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh

Yadav was sworn in as the 20th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh on 15 March 2012, at the age of 38, winning 224 seats in the March 2012 assembly elections.[11] During his tenure, the Agra-Lucknow Expressway, which is the most modern and longest expressway in India, being the first of its kind to be built in the shortest span of time, was completed and inaugurated.[15][16][17] Yadav also launched the "UP100 Police Service",[18] "Women Power Line 1090"[19] and "108 Ambulance Service".[20] Infrastructural accomplishments of his government include projects like the Lucknow Metro Rail,[21] Lucknow International Ekana Cricket Stadium,[22] Janeshwar Mishra Park (Asia's largest park),[23] Jayaprakash Narayan International Convection Center, IT city, Lucknow-Ballia Purvanchal Expressway et al.[24]

His chief ministerial tenure also saw emphasis on developing power sector, modernising the police force, setting up Kisan Bazaars and Mandis, introducing social welfare schemes such as Lohiya Awas Yojana, Kanya Vidya Dhan, Kisan Avam Sarvhit Bima Yojana, Pension Yojna and allotting unemployment allowances.[25][26] Between 2012-2015, over 15 Lakh laptops were distributed to the 10th and 12th passout students by the Government of Uttar Pradesh, making it one of the largest distribution scheme by any Government in the world.[27]

Personal life

Since Yadav became chief minister, his family was divided into two feuding groups, one siding with him and the other with his uncle Shivpal Singh Yadav. Yadav had the support of his father's cousin, Ram Gopal Yadav. His uncle, Shivpal Yadav, was supported by a friend Amar Singh and Yadav's father Mulayam Singh Yadav who later backed Akhilesh Yadav.[28]

References

  1. ^ "CM moves to new residence at Vikramaditya Marg". Daily Pioneer. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Members Bioprofile". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav Biography". oneindia.com. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav Biography". elections.in. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Members Bioprofile". Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  6. ^ Dixit, Neha. "Akhilesh Yadav in the family business". The Caravan. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  7. ^ "10 things you want to know about Akhilesh Yadav". NDTV.com. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Yadav, Shri Akhilesh - Lok Sabha Profile". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
  9. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav". Hindustan Times. 20 March 2004. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav Biography - About family, political life, awards won, history". www.elections.in. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Akhilesh Yadav becomes UP's youngest chief minister". India Today. 15 March 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  12. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav's wife Dimple to contest Kannauj Lok Sabha by-polls". India Today. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  13. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav elected unopposed for UP legislative council". The Times of India. 19 April 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  14. ^ "UP elections: Chief minister Akhilesh Yadav resigns". Hindustan Times. 11 March 2017. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  15. ^ Som, Vishnu (21 November 2016). "6 Jets Touch Down For Opening Of Agra-Lucknow Expressway, India's Longest". NDTV. Archived from the original on 21 November 2016.
  16. ^ Chauhan, Arvind (13 November 2016). "8 IAF fighter jets to touch down Agra-Lucknow Expressway/ Taj Expressway on Nov 21". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  17. ^ "Eight fighter jets to land on Agra-Lucknow expressway/ Taj Expressway". Business Insider. Times News Network. 14 November 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  18. ^ "UP chief minister Akhilesh Yadav launches state's emergency response system UP-100". Economic Times. 19 November 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  19. ^ "Chief Minister Mr. Akhilesh Yadav inaugurated the modern police control room & mobile Aap Women Power Line 1090". Musing India. Musing India. 21 November 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  20. ^ "Akhilesh launches free, 24x7 ambulance service". The Hindu. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  21. ^ "Akhilesh flags off Lucknow Metro; will be open to public only in March". Indian Express. 2 December 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  22. ^ "Int'l stadium may host first cricket match in 2015". Times of India. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  23. ^ "Janeshwar Mishra Park to come up over 330 acres". The Times of India. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  24. ^ "अखिलेश की यह TOP 20 योजनाएं". Patrika (in Hindi). 16 January 2017.
  25. ^ "List of biggest achievements of Akhilesh Yadav as Uttar Pradesh's Chief Minister". Indian Wire. Achievements. 25 August 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  26. ^ Kumar, Sudhir. "हिंदी खबर, Latest News in Hindi, हिंदी समाचार, ताजा खबर". Patrika News (in Hindi). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  27. ^ "Uttar Pradesh government to give free laptops to class X, XII pass out students". The Indian Express. PTI. 24 June 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
  28. ^ Rai, Manmohan (29 August 2016). "Infighting erupts in ruling Yadav family in UP, Mulayam continues to pull the power strings". The Economic Times. Retrieved 5 April 2017.

External links

Lok Sabha
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Kannauj

2000–2012
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
15 March 2012 – 20 March 2017
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by President
Samajwadi Party

1 January 2017 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent