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|Member of the California State Senate|
from the 34th district
December 1, 2014 – November 30, 2018
|Preceded by||Lou Correa|
|Succeeded by||Tom Umberg|
|Member of the|
Orange County Board of Supervisors
from the 1st District
March 27, 2007 – December 1, 2014
|Preceded by||Lou Correa|
|Succeeded by||Andrew Do|
|Member of the Garden Grove City Council|
December 14, 2004 – March 27, 2007
|Preceded by||Van Tran|
|Succeeded by||Steve Jones|
|Born||May 1, 1976|
Saigon City, South Vietnam
|Spouse(s)||Tom Bonikowski, Jr.|
|Children||Thomas III and Timothy|
Janet Q. Nguyen (born May 1, 1976) is an American politician who served in the California State Senate. A Republican, she represented the 34th district, encompassing parts of Long Beach and Orange County. She is the first Vietnamese-American state senator in the United States and the country's first Vietnamese-American woman state legislator.
Prior to being elected to the state senate, she was an Orange County Supervisor, representing the First District. At the age of 30, she was the youngest person to be elected to the board of supervisors, the first woman to be elected from the First District, and the first Vietnamese-American county supervisor in the United States.
She won her supervisor seat following a historic special election where two Vietnamese-American candidates received half of the total votes cast in a field of 10, separated from each other by only 7 votes. She was sworn in on March 27, 2007, after a lengthy court battle. She won a full, four-year term in 2008 in another historic election when all three major candidates were Vietnamese Americans. She was reelected to a third term in 2012. In a major upset, she was narrowly defeated by former Assemblyman Tom Umberg in the 2018 elections.
Prior to her election to the Board of Supervisors, she served as a Garden Grove City Council Member and at age 28, was the youngest person ever elected to that body.
Nguyen was born in Saigon, South Vietnam, on May 1, 1976, roughly one year after the Fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975. Her family joined millions of others in becoming boat people when she was five, coming to California in 1981. They first lived in San Bernardino, but settled in Garden Grove in early 1990s. She attended the University of California, Irvine, at first to become a doctor but later majored in political science after she was inspired by then-Supervisor Bill Steiner. She is married to Tom Bonikowski, Jr., with whom she has two sons, Thomas III and Timothy.
Special Election 2007
The election of Supervisor Lou Correa to the California State Senate in the 2006 election left his supervisorial seat vacant. Ten candidates filed for the seat in the February 6, 2007 special election, including three Vietnamese Americans, who were all Republicans. While the 1st District Supervisorial seat is officially non-partisan, the leading candidate was California State Assemblyman Tom Umberg (who had just left office two months before), a Democrat who had the full support of the labor unions. While the Republican Party did not officially endorse a candidate, most party leaders were backing Santa Ana City Councilman Carlos Bustamante.
With three Vietnamese-American candidates, the large Vietnamese-American community who comprise a quarter of registered voters in the First District was galvanized. Janet Nguyen's main opponent, Garden Grove Unified School District Trustee Trung Nguyen, had the support of State Assemblyman Van Tran. Issues that the candidates discussed included illegal immigration to the United States, one that county supervisors do not have the authority to affect.
The debate was particularly heated within the Vietnamese-American community, with accusations flying back and forth between the two Nguyen camps. Trung Nguyen was insulted as a "fob" and his campaign photoshopped Trung Nguyen in a photo next to Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger while Janet Nguyen was criticized for not being fluent in Vietnamese. Pundits speculated that the three Vietnamese-American candidates would split the Vietnamese-American vote, allowing Umberg to easily win the election.
With high absentee voter turnout among the Vietnamese-American community, it became clear on election night that Janet Nguyen and Trung Nguyen were leading. Umberg and Bustamante were in third and fourth place, respectively, and quickly conceded defeat. At the end of the night, Janet Nguyen was leading by 52 votes. When all the votes were counted on the following day, however, Trung Nguyen was leading by seven votes. Janet Nguyen requested a recount, and the final result was 10,919 votes for Janet Nguyen and 10,912 votes for Trung Nguyen. Janet Nguyen was certified the winner.
However, Trung Nguyen's lawyers filed lawsuit challenging the recount, alleging that the Registrar of Voters improperly voided votes for him and awarded votes to Janet Nguyen in the recount. The Board of Supervisors postponed inaugurating Janet Nguyen pending the lawsuit. On March 26, she was named the winner, winning by just 3 votes. She was sworn into office on March 27, 2007.
After losing the lawsuit in the Orange County Superior Court, Trung Nguyen's lawyers filed an appeal to the California Court of Appeal for the Fourth District, Division Three. The Court of Appeal ruled against Trung Nguyen and upheld the Superior Court's decision. Refusing to stop there, Trung Nguyen's lawyers filed an appeal to the California Supreme Court. The California Supreme Court denied to hear the appeal.
While special elections for Orange County Supervisor are decided by plurality vote, regular elections for Orange County Supervisor are decided by majority vote. Should no candidate capture a majority of the vote, then the top two candidates advance to a run-off election.
In light of the closeness of her initial election in 2007, it was widely expected that Janet Nguyen would be forced into a November 2008 run-off election. However, Janet Nguyen won 56.6% of the vote in the June 2008 election, avoiding a November run-off. Garden Grove Councilwoman Dina Nguyen, a fellow Republican who received the strong support of Assemblyman Van Tran and his machine (including former candidate, Trung Nguyen), won only 27.7% of the vote while Democratic activist Hoa Van Tran won 15.7% of the vote.
2014 State Senate election
In 2014, incumbent Democratic state Senator Lou Correa was term-limited, creating a vacancy. Republican leaders quickly rallied around Nguyen while the state Democratic establishment rallied around former state Assemblyman Jose Solorio. The ensuing election was the most expensive in the state, and at times featured accusations and aggressive negative advertising. The vote was expected to be close, but Nguyen won the November election by a 58% to 42% margin, surprising even her fellow Republicans. She became the first State Senator of Vietnamese ancestry in American history.
Removal from California Senate floor after criticizing Tom Hayden
On February 23, 2017, Senator Nguyen was forcibly removed from the Senate floor on Thursday morning during an attempt to criticize the late California Sen. Tom Hayden and called him a communist. She rose to criticize his stance as "an outspoken critic of the Vietnam War [who] made celebrated trips to North Vietnam and Cambodia, offering to help broker a peaceful end." She spoke first in Vietnamese and then in English, all whilst repeatedly being told by presiding Sen. Ricardo Lara, D-Bell Gardens, that she was out of order. After she continued speaking her microphone was turned off. Senator Nguyen continued anyway, and Lara later ordered a sergeant-at-arms to escort her out of the room. The entire episode was caught on video, and elicited serious criticism from the Senate GOP Caucus, particularly in the shadow of a similar censure of U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren during the confirmation hearings of Jeff Sessions. For her actions the Los Angeles Times referred to Nguyen as "a rising Republican star", while the Huffington Post supported the actions of the legislative body to stop Nguyen from speaking.
- 2007 Special Election for Orange County Supervisor, 1st District
- Janet Nguyen (R), 10,919 - 24.1%
- Trung Nguyen (R), 10,912 - 24.1%
- Tom Umberg (D), 9,725 - 21.4%
- Carlos Bustamante (R), 7,460 - 16.5%
- Mark Rosen (D), 2,181 - 4.8%
- Brett Elliott Franklin (R), 1,739 - 3.8%
- Kermit Marsh (R), 1,335 - 2.9%
- Larry Phan (R), 417 - 0.9%
- Lupe Moreno (R), 383 - 0.8%
- Benny Diaz (D), 273 - 0.6%
- 2008 Election for Orange County Supervisor, 1st District
- Janet Nguyen (R), 21,350 - 56.6%
- Dina Nguyen (R), 10,465 - 27.7%
- Hoa Van Tran (D), 5,928 - 15.7%
- 2012 Election for Orange County Supervisor, 1st District
- Janet Nguyen (R), 37,106 - 74.2%
- Steve Rocco (I), 12,902 - 25.8%
- 2014 Primary Election for California State Senator, 34th District
- Janet Nguyen (R), 46,445 - 52.0%
- Jose Solorio (D), 29,793 - 33.3%
- Long Pham (R), 13,102 - 14.7%
- 2014 General Election for California State Senator, 34th District
- Janet Nguyen (R), 95,792 - 58.1%
- Jose Solorio (D), 69,220 - 41.9%
- Dana Parsons (February 8, 2007). "Career has 'victory' written all over it". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- McGreevey, Patrick (November 5, 2014). "Republican Janet Nguyen wins O.C. Senate seat, AP says". Los Angeles Times.
- Mason, John Myers, Melanie. "A state senator is removed from the chamber for her comments about Tom Hayden and Vietnam". latimes.com. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
- Murphy, Katy (February 23, 2017). "GOP senator, a Vietnamese refugee, removed from California Senate floor after criticizing Tom Hayden". The Mercury News.
Cooper, Jonathan J. (2 March 2017). "California senator Nguyen removed after criticizing late lawmaker". Northwest Asian Weekly. Seattle. Associated Press. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- Skelton, George (2 March 2017). "California's Democrats created a new GOP star when they booted Janet Nguyen from the Senate floor". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- Heimoff, Steve (1 March 2017). "Janet Nguyen Was Wrong, And Deserved To Be Removed". Huffington Post. New York City. Retrieved 4 March 2017.