Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday
|Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Adam Marcus|
by Victor Miller
|Music by||Harry Manfredini|
|Edited by||David Handman|
|Distributed by||New Line Cinema|
|Box office||$15.9 million (US)|
Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday is a 1993 American slasher film directed by Adam Marcus, produced by Sean S. Cunningham, and starring John D. LeMay, Kari Keegan and Allison Smith. The ninth installment in the Friday the 13th film series, it was preceded by Friday the 13th Part VIII: Jason Takes Manhattan (1989) and followed by Jason X (2001). Its plot continues the Jason Voorhees narrative from previous films, beginning with an FBI ambush in which Voorhees's body is detonated; after, his spirit possesses the coroner examining his remains, and he uses the coroner's body to continue his killings.
The film was conceived by co-writer and director Marcus under Cunningham, producer of the first film. After low box-office sales for Part VIII: Jason Takes Manhattan, Paramount Pictures sold the character rights of Jason Voorhees to New Line Cinema, who distributed Jason Goes to Hell. Cunningham approved of the story co-written by first-time writer-director Marcus, who was hired to direct the project.
Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday premiered in the United States on August 13, 1993, and grossed $15.9 million at the box office. Several film critics denounced Marcus's script and direction, and the film polarized fans of the series due to its supernatural elements and elimination of Jason Voorhees as a physical character. Its conclusion, which references fellow film villain Freddy Krueger, established what would become Freddy vs. Jason, released ten years later in 2003.
At Camp Crystal Lake, an undercover government agent lures Jason Voorhees into a trap set by the FBI, and armed men blow him to bits. His remains are sent to a morgue, where a coroner becomes possessed by Jason's spirit after eating Jason's putrid heart. Jason, now in the coroner's body, escapes the morgue.
At Crystal Lake, he finds three partying teens and kills them. Jason attacks two police officers, killing one and possessing the other. Meanwhile, bounty hunter Creighton Duke discovers only members of Jason's bloodline can truly kill him, and he will return to his normal and near-invincible state if he possesses a member of his family. The only living relatives of Jason are his half-sister Diana Kimble, her daughter Jessica, and Stephanie, the infant daughter of Jessica and Steven Freeman.
Jason makes his way to Diana's house. Steven bursts in and attacks Jason. Diana is killed and Jason escapes. Steven is arrested for Diana's murder and meets Duke, who reveals Jessica's relation to Jason. Determined to get to Jessica before Jason does, Steven escapes from jail. Jessica is dating tabloid TV reporter Robert Campbell. Steven goes to the Voorhees house to find evidence to convince Jessica but falls through rotten boards. Robert enters the upstairs room and receives a phone call which reveals that he is attempting to "spice up" his show's ratings by putting emphasis on Jason's return from death, having stolen Diana's body from the morgue for this reason. Jason bursts in and transfers his heart into Robert, while the body he left melts. Jason leaves with Steven in pursuit. Jason attempts to be reborn through Jessica but is disrupted by Steven, who hits him and takes Jessica into his car. Steven stalls Jason by running him over. When he tries to explain the situation to Jessica, she disbelieves him and throws him out of the car. Jessica goes to the police station.
Jason arrives at the police station and kills most of the officers. He nearly possesses Jessica before Steven stops him; Jessica realizes Steven is right. In the chaos, Duke makes his escape. Jessica and Steven make their way to the diner to grab the baby. Jason arrives but is attacked by the owners of the shop. He kills the owners but waitress Vicki shoots him with a shotgun then impales him with an iron rod. He then impales her on the same rod before crushing her head, killing her. Jason is presumably killed, and Jessica and Steven discover a note from Duke, telling them that he has the baby and demands that Jessica meet him at the Voorhees house alone.
Jessica meets Duke at the Voorhees house and is given a mystical dagger which she can use to permanently kill Jason. A police officer enters the diner where Robert, possessed, transfers his heart into him. Duke falls through the floor, and Jessica is confronted by Landis and Randy. Landis is killed accidentally with the dagger, and Jessica drops the dagger. Randy, possessed, attempts to be reborn through Stephanie, but Steven arrives and severs his neck with a machete. Jason's heart, which has grown into a demonic infant, crawls out of Randy's neck to Diana's dead body in the basement. Steven and Jessica pull Duke out of the basement as Jason discovers Diana's body and slithers up her vagina, allowing him to be reborn.
While Steven and Jessica attempt to retrieve the dagger, Duke distracts Jason and is incapacitated with a bear hug. Jason turns his attention to Jessica, and Steven tackles Jason, who both fight outside while Jessica retrieves the dagger. Jason badly brutalizes Steven and when he is about to kill him, Jessica stabs Jason in the chest, releasing the souls Jason accumulated over time. Demonic hands burst out of the ground and pull Jason into Hell. Steven and Jessica reconcile and walk off into the sunrise with their baby. Later a dog unearths Jason's mask while digging in the dirt. Freddy Krueger's gloved hand bursts out of the dirt and pulls Jason's mask into the ground.
- John D. LeMay as Steven Freeman
- Kari Keegan as Jessica Kimble
- Steven Williams as Creighton Duke
- Allison Smith as Vicki
- Erin Gray as Diana Kimble
- Steven Culp as Robert Campbell
- Rusty Schwimmer as Joey B.
- Leslie Jordan as Shelby
- Billy "Green" Bush as Sheriff Landis
- Kane Hodder as Jason Voorhees/FBI Guard/Freddy Krueger's claw
- Andrew Bloch as Deputy Josh
- Kipp Marcus as Randy Parker
- Richard Gant as Phil the Coroner
- Adam Cranner as Ward
- Julie Michaels as Elizabeth Marcus
- James Gleason as Agent Abernathy
- Dean Lorey as Eric Pope
- Adam Marcus as Officer Bish
- Mark Thompson as Officer Mark
- Brian Phelps as Officer Brian
- Blake Conway as Officer Andell
- Madelon Curtis as Officer Ryan
- Paul Devine as Paul
- Michelle Clunie as Deborah
- Michael B. Silver as Luke
- Kathryn Atwood as Alexis
- Jonathan Penner as David
- Brooke Scher as Stephanie Kimble
Development and writing
Producer Sean S. Cunningham original conceived an action-horror film in which Jason Voorhees would battle Freddy Krueger of the A Nightmare on Elm Street series. Paramount Pictures, who had released the previous eight Friday the 13th films, negotiated with New Line Cinema over the rights to the series, and ultimately granted New Line rights to the Jason Voorhees character, but retained control of the Friday the 13th title. New Line placed Cunningham's idea for a Freddy-versus-Jason film on hold, prompting him to generate a different script to precede that plot line. Cunningham's original idea would later manifest as Freddy vs. Jason in 2003.
The film marked Adam Marcus's debut feature; having just graduated from film school, Marcus was originally attached to direct My Boyfriend's Back (1993) for Touchstone Pictures, but the studio's parent company, Walt Disney Studios, did not want to hire a first-time director, and Marcus was dropped from the project. Marcus, who was a lifelong fan of the Friday the 13th series, developed a story in which Voorhees is destroyed at the beginning of the narrative, only to manifest in the bodies of other people and continue his rampage. Marcus would later acknowledge the concept's similarity to that of The Hidden (1987), though he stated he had not seen the film at that time, and that the similarity was coincidental.
The initial script was written by Jay Huguely, which was reportedly “ten kinds of awful” and “impossible to understand”. Unsatisfied with the final draft, Cunningham hired Dean Lorey to scrap Huguely’s work and write a completely new script within four days. Leslie Bohem was brought in over a weekend to polish the script, while Lewis Abernathy wrote the opening scene.
The special effects were provided by Al Magliochetti and effects studio KNB, the former having signed on to the film after friends of his from KNB notified him of its development. The colors of the visual effects were chosen by Adam Marcus.
In November 2017, Marcus, the film's director revealed that an overlooked plot-point of the movie is that Jason Voorhees is actually connected to the Evil Dead franchise. The filmmaker stated, “Pamela Voorhees makes a deal with the devil by reading from the Necronomicon to bring back her son. This is why Jason isn’t Jason. He’s Jason plus The Evil Dead, and now I can believe that he can go from a little boy that lives in a lake, to a full grown man in a couple of months, to Zombie Jason, to never being able to kill this guy. That, to me, is way more interesting as a mashup, and Raimi loved it! It’s not like I could tell New Line my plan to include The Evil Dead, because they don’t own The Evil Dead. So it had to be an Easter egg, and I did focus on it…there’s a whole scene that includes the book, and I hoped people would get it and could figure out that’s what I’m up to. So yes, in my opinion, Jason Voorhees is a Deadite. He’s one of The Evil Dead.” In December 2017, Marcus revealed Creighton Duke's intended backstory, "A teenage Creighton was out on Crystal Lake with his girlfriend. Jason capsized their small boat and pulled the girl down into the lake. Creighton tried to save her but could not. She was never seen again. Creighton vowed revenge and from that moment on he spent his life in the study and pursuit of Jason. He became a bounty hunter just to fund his work in taking down his nemesis."
Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday debuted in U.S. theaters on Friday, August 13, 1993, to a weekend box office total of $7.6 million across 1,355 screens. The film would go on to gross a final domestic total of $15.9 million, placing at number 86 on the list of the year's Top 100 earners.
The Los Angeles Times's Michael Wilmington praised the performance of Gant as well as Harry Manfredini's score, but noted "ludicrous characters," "garbled nonstop gore," and poor lighting as notable faults. Richard Harrington of The Washington Post wrote of the film: "The scriptwriters try to conjure some history/mythology to validate the plot's twists and turns, but the whole thing ends up more confusing than Days of Our Lives on fast-forward." Terry Kelleher of Newsday similarly criticized the plot, referring to it as a "confusing mess," though he conceded the film "offers a little humor."
Stephen Holden of The New York Times noted: "The ninth episode in the phenomenally successful series, which began in 1980, The Final Friday is a largely incoherent movie that generates little suspense and relies for the majority of its thrills on close-up gore...Such gratuitous sadism gives The Final Friday an edge of sourness that is unusual for a horror movie. It doesn't help that Jason's intended victims (and the actors who play them) are pallid sitting ducks." The Boston Globe's Betsy Sherman wrote: "First time director Adam Marcus plays around nicely with the F13 cliches, but doesn't have much original to add. The movie has a crowdpleasing final shot that suggests that the real joy ride to hell will be next time around. Maybe."
Writing for Variety, Greg Evans criticized the screenplay as well as Marcus's direction: "With one or two exceptions, freshman director Adam Marcus forgoes the camp humor and inside jokes that marked the tail end of the slasher craze, opting instead for a straightforward Saturday night drive-in approach...Blame Marcus for the film’s complete lack of tension and style, but also point a machete or two at a bland, occasionally inept cast and scripters unable to contribute a single innovation to the genre."
Robert Cauthorn of the Arizona Daily Star wrote: "Yeah, there's a lot of shower taking and slaughter here. And a plot about evil bloodlines, tabloid TV, soul shifting, and God knows what else. It doesn't make a lick of sense, but it's a definite improvement over the other non-movies in the series." The Statesman Journal's Ron Cowan wrote: "The ninth version of this fitful series is easily the clumsiest, worst acted, most gory and worst written of the bunch, as ready to indulge in sexual titillation as sadism and oozing bodies." Kory Wilcoxson of The Courier-Journal also criticized the film's gratuitous violence, adding that "the plot is ridiculous, the dialogue wooden and the acting a laugh. But you know that going in. The question is: Is it scary? Not really. It's more disgusting than frightening."
The film was released on DVD in North America by New Line Home Video in 2002, and includes two cuts: the theatrical cut, created to receive an R rating from the MPAA, and the unrated (or director's) cut, which runs three minutes longer than the theatrical version and contains material beyond what is allowed under the R rating. In certain regions of the world, including Australia, the DVD was only released with the R-rated version of the film available to view.
On September 13, 2013, Paramount and Warner Bros. co-released the Friday the 13th: The Complete Collection Blu-ray box set, featuring each of the twelve film in the franchise; this marked the first Blu-ray release of Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday, but the collection is out of print, and Jason Goes to Hell has not been released separately in the higher definition format.
In other media
A three-issue comic adaptation of Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday written by Andy Mangels was published by Topps Comics. As the comics are based upon the original shooting script of the film, elements that were left out of the film are used in them. Topps also released a series of trading cards for the film. The FBI sting that occurs at the beginning of the film is foreshadowed in the novel Friday the 13th: Hate-Kill-Repeat, which takes place between the events of the seventh and eighth films. The epilogue of the book states that the FBI, upon discovering Jason Voorhees actually exists, have begun making plans to trap him and "send him straight to Hell."
Freddy Krueger's clawed hand coming out of the ground and taking Jason's mask was a reference to the future crossover Freddy vs. Jason between the two, which had been in development hell since 1987. It was finally finished in 2003, a year after this film's sequel. The film features the appearances of the skull dagger and Necronomicon from Evil Dead II. Jason, Freddy, and Ash Williams would later meet in the comic book series Freddy vs. Jason vs. Ash (a story adapted by writer Jeff Katz from a Freddy vs. Jason 2 screenplay treatment he had written in 2004) and again in Freddy vs. Jason vs. Ash: The Nightmare Warriors.
The Jason Goes to Hell depiction of Jason Voorhees is featured in 2017's Friday the 13th: The Game. Because of a continuity error in the film regarding Jason's damaged eye, his in-game character model is mirrored from his movie counterpart. As the Gun Media developers explained, "In [Jason Goes to Hell], everyone kind of knows there was a mistake made with Jason's undermask. It's Jason's left eye that’s supposed to be damaged, 'cause in Part 4 he takes the machete to the head. But in [Jason Goes to Hell], it was reversed on accident. So we decided to fix it." The game officially reveals Jason's facial appearance from underneath the mask, which wasn't seen in the film.
- "Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday (1993)". The Numbers. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
- Farrands, Daniel (dir.) et al. (2013). Crystal Lake Memories: The Complete History of Friday the 13th (Blu-ray)
|url=(help). Image Entertainment. ASIN B00YT9IS1G.
- Konda, Kelly (March 28, 2014). "13 Things You May Not Know About Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday". WeMinoredInFilm. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
- Lorey, Dean (May 5, 2011). "FRIDAY THE 13TH PT 9: JASON GOES TO HELL". DeanLorey.com. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
- Bene, Jason (December 19, 2017). "[Exclusive] Artist Al Magliochetti Talks the Visual Effects of 'Jason Goes to Hell'". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- Squires, John (December 27, 2017). "'Jason Goes to Hell' Director Reveals Creighton Duke's History With Jason". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved December 31, 2017.
- Fox, David J. (August 17, 1993). "Weekend Box Office : 'The Fugitive' Continues Fast Run". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- "Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
- Wilmington, Michael (August 17, 1993). "'Final Friday' for Jason? Don't Bet on it". The Palm Beach Post. West Palm Beach, Florida: Los Angeles Times. p. 3D – via Newspapers.com.
- "'Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday'". The Washington Post. August 14, 1993. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
- Kelleher, Terry (August 16, 1993). "'Jason' takes stab at humor". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Cincinnati, Ohio: Newsday. p. C3 – via Newspapers.com.
- Holden, Stephen (August 14, 1993). "Review/Film; Jason's End? You Gotta Have Heart". The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Sherman, Betsy (August 13, 1993). "Latest 'Friday' not very scary or stylish". The Boston Globe. Boston, Massachusetts. p. 22 – via Newspapers.com.
- Evans, Greg (August 16, 1993). "Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday". Variety. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Cauthorn, Robert S. (August 20, 1993). "'Jason Goes to Hell' zips down hack-and-wink horror road". Arizona Daily Star. Tucson, Arizona. p. 6 – via Newspapers.com.
- Cowan, Ron (August 20, 1993). "Let's hope this really is 'Final Friday'". Statesman Journal. Salem, Oregon. p. 9 – via Newspapers.com.
- Wilcoxson, Kory (August 14, 1993). "'Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday' Movie Review". The Courier-Journal. Louisville, Kentucky. p. 25 – via Newspapers.com.
- Tyner, Adam (October 7, 2002). "Jason Goes to Hell: DVD Talk Review". DVD Talk. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- "Friday the 13th: The Complete Collection". High Def Digest. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "FRIDAY THE 13TH THE COMPLETE COLLECTION Coming to Blu-ray, 9/13". Broadway World. June 11, 2013.
- Arnopp, Jason (2005-10-25). Friday the 13th: Hate-Kill-Repeat. Black Flame. ISBN 1-84416-271-0.
- Bracke, Peter, pg. 238
- "'Freddy vs Jason vs Ash' Script Treatment!!!". Bloody Disgusting. 2005-03-08. Archived from the original on 2005-04-15. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
- "PAX East 2017 Panel: 'Killer' Trailer and Savini-Skin Reveal!". Gun Media. 2017-03-15. Retrieved 2017-03-15.