27 August 1973|
|Subject||Globalization, history of ideas, economics|
Johan Norberg (Swedish: [ˈjuːˈan ˈnuːrˈbærj]; born 27 August 1973) is a Swedish author and historian, devoted to promoting economic globalization and what he regards as classical liberal positions. He is arguably most known as the author of In Defense of Global Capitalism (2001) and Progress: Ten Reasons to Look Forward to the Future (2016). Since 15 March 2007 he has been a senior fellow at the Cato Institute, and in January 2017 he became the executive editor at Free To Choose Media.
Early life and education
Johan Norberg was born in Stockholm, the son of former Swedish National Archivist Erik Norberg and his wife Birgitta. He grew up in the suburb of Hässelby in western Stockholm. In his youth, Norberg was active as a left-anarchist but later abandoned those views and became a classical liberal. According to the biography given at his personal website, Norberg was disillusioned with the anarchist view of liberty when he discovered the collectivist themes in the major anarchist works, and was unable to sympathize with the pre-industrial society which its anarcho-primitivism promoted. This realization made him embrace classical liberalism, which he felt "took freedom seriously." He studied at Stockholm University from 1992 to 1999 and earned a M.A. with a major in the history of ideas. His other subjects included philosophy, literature and political science. During his time at Stockholm University he was active in the libertarian network Frihetsfronten ("the Liberty Front") and was the editor of its journal Nyliberalen ("The Neoliberal"/"The Libertarian") from 1993 to 1997.
In 1997, Norberg was contacted by the Swedish liberal think tank Timbro, who invited him to write a book about the Swedish author Vilhelm Moberg. The book, Motståndsmannen Vilhelm Moberg, sold well and sparked much debate which allowed him to write another book, on the history of Swedish liberalism. This book, Den svenska liberalismens historia, also became a success and in 1999 Norberg joined the permanent staff of Timbro. From 1999 to 2002 he was assistant editor-in-chief of the webzine Smedjan.com. In 1999 he started the website Frihandel.nu to put the case for free trade and open economies.
Having participated in a number of debates against the Swedish anti-globalization movement, in May 2001 he released the book In Defense of Global Capitalism (Swedish: Till världskapitalismens försvar) where he assembles his arguments for globalization and free trade. In 2002 the book was selected for the Sir Antony Fisher International Memorial Award by the Atlas Economic Research Foundation and in 2003 Norberg was awarded the gold medal of the German Hayek Stiftung (an award shared with former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and the German economist Otmar Issing). The British Channel 4 also invited him to present the documentary film Globalisation is Good (released in 2003), which is based on his book.
Since 15 March 2007 he has been a Senior Fellow at the Washington, D.C.-based Cato Institute. He is also a member of the international Mont Pelerin Society. In January 2017 Norberg became Executive Editor of Free To Choose Media.
Norberg has two children.
Awards and honors
- Sir Antony Fisher International Memorial Award from the Atlas Economic Research Foundation, for the book In Defense of Global Capitalism (2002).
- Prize of the Sture Lindmark Foundation for Public Debate, for opinion formation for free trade (May 2002).
- Gold medal of the Friedrich August von Hayek Stiftung, shared with former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and ECB Chief Economist Otmar Issing (2003). 
- Voted Sweden's best blogger by the readers of the magazine Internetworld (2005).
- Curt Nicolin Memorial Award from the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise (2006).
- James Joyce Award (2007) from the Literary and Historical Society of University College Dublin
- Norberg, Johan (1994). Bejke, Henrik, ed. Nyliberalismens idéer (in Swedish). Stockholm: Frihetsfrontens förlag. ISBN 91-88216-03-9.
- Norberg, Johan (1997). Motståndsmannen Vilhelm Moberg (in Swedish). Stockholm: Timbro. ISBN 91-7566-340-6.
- Norberg, Johan (1998). Den svenska liberalismens historia (in Swedish). Stockholm: Timbro. ISBN 91-7566-377-5.
- Norberg, Johan (1999). Fullständiga rättigheter : ett försvar för de 21 första artiklarna i FN:s deklaration om de mänskliga rättigheterna (in Swedish). Stockholm: Timbro. ISBN 91-7566-419-4.
- Norberg, Johan (2000). Berggren, Niclas, ed. Stat, individ & marknad (in Swedish). Stockholm: Timbro. ISBN 91-7566-441-0.
- Norberg, Johan (2001). Till världskapitalismens försvar (In Defense of Global Capitalism) (in Swedish). Stockholm: Timbro. ISBN 91-7566-491-7.
- Norberg, Johan; Vera Zavala, America (2001). Global rättvisa är möjlig (in Swedish). Skarpnäck: Pocky/Tranan. ISBN 91-88420-86-8.
- Norberg, Johan (2003). Bengtsson, Mattias, ed. Frihetens klassiker: texter (in Swedish). Stockholm: Timbro. ISBN 91-7566-404-6.
- Norberg, Johan (2006). När människan skapade världen (in Swedish). Stockholm: Timbro. ISBN 91-7566-554-9.
- Norberg, Johan; Vera Zavala, America (2006). Ett annat Sverige är möjligt (in Swedish). Stockholm: Pocky. ISBN 91-85011-31-2.
- Norberg, Johan; Boris Benulic (2008). Allt om Naomi Kleins nakenchock (in Swedish). Stockholm: Voltaire Publishing, cop. ISBN 978-91-976917-6-5.
- Norberg, Johan (2009). En perfekt storm: Hur staten, kapitalet och du och jag sänkte världsekonomin (in Swedish). Stocksund: Hydra Förlag AB. ISBN 978-91-86185-03-9.
- Norberg, Johan (2009). Financial Fiasco: How America's Infatuations with Homeownership and Easy Money Created the Economic Crisis. Cato Institute. ISBN 978-1-935308-13-3.
- Norberg, Johan (2009). Den eviga matchen om lyckan: Ett idéhistoriskt referat (in Swedish). Natur & Kultur. ISBN 91-27-18899-X.
- Norberg, Johan (2010). Fragment och argument 1990–2010 (in Swedish). Hydra Förlag. ISBN 91-86185-07-1.
- Norberg, Johan (2014). Hjärnrevolutionen : varför din intelligens påverkar allt du gör - och allt du gör påverkar din intelligens (in Swedish). Natur & Kultur. ISBN 9127139875.
- Johan Norberg (2016). Progress: Ten Reasons to Look Forward to the Future. Oneworld Publications. ISBN 978-1-78074-951-8.
- "Biography, Johan Norberg". JohanNorberg.Net. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- "Winners of the 2002 Fisher Awards". Atlas Economic Research Foundation. Archived from the original on 2007-11-24. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- Kittel, Christoffer (2005-04-21). "Han har Sveriges bästa blogg" (in Swedish). Internetworld. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- Jilmstad, Lars (2006-12-08). "Nicolin-pris går till Norberg" (in Swedish). Confederation of Swedish Enterprise. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- Norberg, Johan (2007-10-05). "The James Joyce Award". JohanNorberg.Net. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-10-18. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
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