Joint Air-to-Ground Missile

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Joint Air-to-Ground Missile
Type Air-to-surface missile
Production history
Manufacturer Lockheed Martin
Produced IOC expected in 2018[1]
Weight 108 lb (49 kg)
Length 70 in (1,800 mm)
Diameter 7 in (180 mm)

5 mi (8.0 km) (Increment 1)[2]
semi-active laser and millimetre-wave radar
Helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft

The Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) is a U.S. military program to develop an air-to-surface missile to replace the current air-launched BGM-71 TOW, AGM-114 Hellfire and AGM-65 Maverick missiles.[3] The US Army, Navy and Marine Corps plan to buy thousands of JAGMs.[4]


The Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) program is a follow-on from the unsuccessful AGM-169 Joint Common Missile program that was cancelled due to budget cuts. JAGM will share basically the same objectives and technologies as JCM but will be developed over a longer time scale.[5]

Launch platforms[edit]


 United States: The JAGM was intended for joint service with the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, and the U.S. Marine Corps by providing a single missile configuration for many platforms. JAGM offered the services increased operational flexibility and reduced logistics support costs.[3]

In February 2012, the Navy and Marine Corps terminated their investment in the program, saying it was a "manageable risk" to do so and that they would instead focus on the GBU-53/B SDB II and continued Hellfire procurement, making the JAGM an Army-only program - but in March 2014 re-entered the program, with documents showing integration of the missile onto Marine AH-1Z helicopters.[7]


  • June 2007: US Defense Department releases a draft request for proposals (RFP) launching a competition for the Joint Air to Ground Missile (JAGM) program, schedules industry day.[5]
  • April 2008: Raytheon and Boeing announce teaming for the Joint Air to Ground Missile (JAGM) program.[8]
  • September 2008: Lockheed Martin announced that they were awarded a $122 million technology development contract for the Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) system. The 27-month contract, awarded by the U.S. Army’s Aviation and Missile Command, with participation by the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, is for a competitive risk-reduction phase.[9]
  • September 2008: U.S. Army Awards Raytheon-Boeing Team $125 million contract for JAGM.[10]
  • January 2010: Raytheon-Boeing team completes first JAGM captive flight test.[11]
  • March 2010: U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM) updates the draft request for proposal (RFP) and releases it.[12]
  • March 2010: Lockheed Martin Successfully Tests JAGM Tri-Mode Seeker.[13]
  • April 2010: Raytheon-Boeing team validates JAGM seeker during captive flight tests.[14]
  • April 2010: Lockheed Martin, Aerojet achieve JAGM rocket motor breakthrough.[15]
  • April 2010: Lockheed Martin's JAGM successfully completes Limited Dirty Battlefield/Countermeasures testing.[16]
  • April 2010: Raytheon-Boeing team fires first JAGM.[17]
  • May 2010: Lockheed Martin's JAGM successfully completes F/A-18 E/F wind tunnel tests.[18]
  • July 2010: Raytheon-Boeing Team on Target During First Government-Funded Test of JAGM[19]
  • Aug 2010: Raytheon-Boeing Team on Target During Second Government-Funded Test
  • Sep 2010: Raytheon-Boeing Team on Target During Third Government-Funded Test
  • Nov 2010: Lockheed Martin JAGM Hits Target in Multi-Mission Test[20]
  • Jan 2011: Lockheed Martin JAGM Completes Flying Qualities Test on US Navy Super Hornet[21]
Each team submitted its proposal in the spring of 2011, with contract award expected in the first quarter of 2012. However, in September the Army and Navy requested the JAGM program be terminated.[22]
  • Jan 2012: JAGM survives budget reduction plan with reduced funding.[23]
  • Aug 17, 2012: Lockheed Martin receives a $64 million contract from the U.S. Army to extend the JAGM technology development program. The 27-month extended technology development program will include design, test, and demonstration phases for the JAGM guidance section.[24]
  • Aug 2012: The Army drops its requirement for a tri-mode seeker due to budget cutbacks. The current plan is to separate JAGM into increments, with the first adding a low-frequency millimeter wave radar to Hellfire-R model missiles to augment its laser seeker, making it dual-mode. A more expensive tri-mode seeker adding an imaging infrared sensor is delayed. Lockheed claimed the IR seeker disproportionately drove up costs, while Raytheon claimed it could leverage technology it used for the GBU-53/B SDB II to inexpensively keep the tri-mode seeker.[25]
  • Oct 22, 2012: Raytheon submits its contract proposal to continue the development of its version of the JAGM. The imaging infrared seeker requirement was previously dropped due to cost, but the Raytheon seeker is the same one used on the SDB II, so they continued to develop their system with all three modes.[26]
  • Oct 23, 2012: Lockheed Martin successfully tested millimeter wave and semi-active laser seeker for missile at maximum range.[27]
  • Dec 6, 2012: Raytheon receives a $65 million 28-month contract to continue development of their JAGM missile and uncooled tri-mode seeker.[28]
  • April 2013: JAGM in danger of cancellation as part of budget cuts in FY 2014 budget.[29]
  • July 17, 2013: Army announces they will not award Raytheon a contract for the remainder of the Technology Development (TD) phase and will continue with Lockheed's contract.[30]
  • February 2014: Lockheed demonstrates JAGM dual-mode guidance section by engaging a laser-designated moving target. The seeker features Hellfire semi-active laser and Longbow millimeter wave radar. The rail-mounted guidance section flew 6 km (3.7 mi), engaged its precision-strike, semi-active laser, and hit the target.[31]
  • July 2014: Lockheed performs a second flight test of their JAGM dual-mode guidance section. The target was initially acquired with its semi-active laser, then engaged its millimeter wave radar, hitting a moving target at 6.2 km (3.9 mi).[32]
  • February 2015: Army issues RFP for JAGM guidance section upgrade. Lockheed will offer its dual-mode laser and millimeter wave radar seeker, and Raytheon may submit its tri-mode seeker which adds imaging infrared if it chooses to compete.[33]
  • July 2015: Lockheed awarded a $66 million engineering and manufacturing contract to combine its laser and millimeter wave seekers into the Hellfire Romeo missile body, while Raytheon chose not to compete but retains its tri-mode seeker should the Army request it.[1]
  • 25 May 2016: JAGM fired from a UAV, the MQ-1C Gray Eagle, for the first time, hitting a truck target traveling 20 mph (32 km/h). It was the seventh flight test and successful hit.[34][35]
  • 7 December 2016: JAGM launched by an AH-64D destroyed a small boat more than 4 km (2.5 mi) away in the tenth successful flight test.[36]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Raytheon sticking by tri-mode missile despite Lockheed JAGM win -, 4 August 2015
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c "ARMY RDT&E BUDGET ITEM JUSTIFICATION (R2 Exhibit) - PDF" (PDF). 
  4. ^ "VIDEO: Raytheon/Boeing show JAGM direct hit". Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  5. ^ a b "Pentagon Plans Industry Day For Joint Air To Ground Missile - Defense Daily, Vol. 234, No. 60". 
  6. ^ [1].
  7. ^ JAGM: Joint Air-Ground Missile Again -
  8. ^ "Raytheon News Release Archive". 2008-04-14. Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  9. ^ [2] Archived January 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Raytheon Company : Investor Relations : News Release". 2008-09-22. Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  11. ^ "Raytheon-Boeing Team Completes First Joint Air-to-Ground Missile Captive Flight Test - Jan 29, 2010". 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  12. ^ "14-Draft Request for Proposal (RFP), number W31P4Q-10-R-A001 for a Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM), System. - W31P4Q-10-R-A001 (Archived) - Federal Business Opportunities: Opportunities". Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  13. ^ Archived from the original on April 5, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "Raytheon-Boeing Team Validates Joint Air-to-Ground Missile Seeker During Captive Flight Tests - Apr 15, 2010". 2010-04-15. Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  15. ^ Archived from the original on April 9, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ Archived from the original on June 24, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ "Raytheon Company : Investor Relations : News Release". 2010-04-20. Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  18. ^ Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ "Raytheon-Boeing Team on Target During First Government-Funded Test of JAGM - Jul 26, 2010". Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  20. ^ Archived from the original on December 5, 2010. Retrieved February 28, 2011.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ Archived from the original on January 7, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2011.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ Sherman, Jason (11 October 2011). "Army, Navy Propose Terminating Joint Air-to-Ground Missile Program". Inside Defense. Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2011. 
  23. ^ "US budget cuts-Flightglobal-Jan 26, 2012". 2012-01-26. Retrieved 2013-11-14. 
  24. ^ Lockheed Martin Awarded $64 Million JAGM Contract For Extended Technology Development. Lockheed press release, Aug. 17, 2012
  25. ^ Army Reduces Scope Of Tri-Mode JAGM -, 27 August 2012
  26. ^ Raytheon submits JAGM contact proposal., October 23, 2012
  27. ^ Lockheed Martin Demonstrates JAGM Dual-Mode Seeker. Lockheed press release, October 23, 2012
  28. ^ US Army awards JAGM continued technology development contract -, December 6, 2012
  29. ^ Obama plan would end anti-tank missile -, 14 April 2013
  30. ^ US Army to move ahead with Lockheed Martin JAGM -, 18 July 2013
  31. ^ Lockheed Martin Demonstrates JAGM Dual-Mode Guidance Section in Recent Flight Test - Lockheed news release, 20 February 2014
  32. ^ Lockheed Martin Demonstrates JAGM Dual-Mode Guidance Section in Second Flight Test -, 23 July 2014
  33. ^ US army seeks upgrades for Hellfire missile guidance system -, 6 February 2015
  34. ^ Joint Air-to-Ground Missile Fired From Drone, a First -, 2 June 2016
  35. ^ JAGM beats Hellfire capability in early live-fire test -, 2 June 2016
  36. ^ Joint Air-to-Ground Missile Destroys Small Boat in Test -, 13 January 2017

External links[edit]