AIM-26 Falcon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
AIM-26A 1.jpg

The AIM-26 Falcon was a larger, more powerful version of the AIM-4 Falcon air-to-air missile built by Hughes. It is the only guided American air-to-air missile with a nuclear warhead to be produced, although the unguided AIR-2 Genie rocket was also nuclear-armed.

Development[edit]

Starting in 1956 Hughes Electronics began the development of an enlarged version of the GAR-1D Falcon that would carry a nuclear warhead. It was intended to provide a sure kill in attacks on Soviet heavy bomber aircraft. The original development was for semi-active radar homing and heat-seeking versions based on the conventional GAR-1/GAR-2 weapons, under the designations GAR-5 and GAR-6, respectively. The original program was cancelled.

Artwork on warhead of AIM-26A on display at the National Museum of Naval Aviation.

The program was revived in 1959, now under the name GAR-11. It entered service in 1961, carried by Air Defense Command F-102 Delta Dagger interceptors.[1] It used a radar proximity fuze and semi-active radar homing. The GAR-11 used a sub-kiloton (250 ton) yield W54 warhead shared with the "Davy Crockett" M388 recoilless rifle projectile,[2] rather than the larger W25 warhead of the AIR-2 Genie.[3]

Out of concern for the problems inherent in using nuclear weapons over friendly territory, a conventional version, the GAR-11A, was developed, using a 40 lb (18 kg) high explosive warhead.

Conventional warhead[edit]

As part of a wider Army/Navy/Air Force renaming project, in 1963 the weapon was redesignated AIM-26. The nuclear version became the AIM-26A, the conventional model the AIM-26B. From 1970 to 1972 the nuclear warheads of the AIM-26A weapons were rebuilt for the nuclear version of the AGM-62 Walleye glide bomb.

The AIM-26 saw little widespread use in American service, retiring in 1972. The conventional AIM-26B was exported to Switzerland as the HM-55, where it was used on Swiss Mirage IIIS fighters. The AIM-26B was produced under license (and modified) in Sweden as the Rb 27, arming Saab Draken J-35F and 35J fighters. It was retired in 1998. When Finland bought Drakens, the license-manufactured Swedish Falcons were included.

Specifications (GAR-11/AIM-26A)[edit]

  • Length: 84.25 in (2.140 m)
  • Wingspan: 24.4 in (62 cm)
  • Diameter: 11.4 in (29 cm)
  • Weight: 203 lb (92 kg)
  • Speed: Mach 2
  • Range: 6 mi (9.7 km)
  • Guidance: semi-active radar homing
  • Warhead: W54 nuclear, explosive yield 250 t TNT equivalent

Survivors[edit]

Below is a list of museums which have an AIM-26 in their collection:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hansen, US Nuclear Weapons, pp. 146.
  2. ^ Hansen, Chuck (1988). US Nuclear Weapons: The Secret History. Aerofax. pp. 105–107, 146, 178–179, 198. ISBN 0517567407. 
  3. ^ Hansen, US Nuclear Weapons, pp. 176–178.