Jump diffusion

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump diffusion is a stochastic process that involves jumps and diffusion. It has important applications in magnetic reconnection, coronal mass ejections, condensed matter physics, option pricing, and pattern theory and computational vision.

In physics[edit]

In crystals, atomic diffusion typically consists of jumps between vacant lattice sites. On time and length scales that average over many single jumps, the net motion of the jumping atoms can be described as regular diffusion.

Jump diffusion can be studied on a microscopic scale by inelastic neutron scattering and by Mößbauer spectroscopy. Closed expressions for the autocorrelation function have been derived for several jump(-diffusion) models:

  • Singwi, Sjölander 1960:[1] alternation between oscillatory motion and directed motion
  • Chudley, Elliott 1961:[2] jumps on a lattice
  • Sears 1966,[3] 1967:[4] jump diffusion of rotational degrees of freedom
  • Hall, Ross 1981:[5] jump diffusion within a restricted volume

In economics and finance[edit]

A jump-diffusion model is a form of mixture model, mixing a jump process and a diffusion process. In finance, jump-diffusion models were first introduced by Robert C. Merton.[6] Such models have a range of financial applications from option pricing, to credit risk, to time series forecasting.[7]

In pattern theory, computer vision, and medical imaging[edit]

In pattern theory and computational vision in medical imaging, jump-diffusion processes were first introduced by Grenander and Miller[8] as a form of random sampling algorithm that mixes "focus"-like motions, the diffusion processes, with saccade-like motions, via jump processes. The approach modelled sciences of electron-micrographs as containing multiple shapes, each having some fixed dimensional representation, with the collection of micrographs filling out the sample space corresponding to the unions of multiple finite-dimensional spaces. Using techniques from pattern theory, a posterior probability model was constructed over the countable union of sample space; this is therefore a hybrid system model, containing the discrete notions of object number along with the continuum notions of shape. The jump-diffusion process was constructed to have ergodic properties so that after initially flowing away from its initial condition it would generate samples from the posterior probability model.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Singwi, K.; Sjölander, A. (1960). "Resonance Absorption of Nuclear Gamma Rays and the Dynamics of Atomic Motions". Physical Review. 120 (4): 1093. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.120.1093.
  2. ^ Chudley, C. T.; Elliott, R. J. (1961). "Neutron Scattering from a Liquid on a Jump Diffusion Model". Proceedings of the Physical Society. 77 (2): 353. doi:10.1088/0370-1328/77/2/319.
  3. ^ Sears, V. F. (1966). "Theory of Cold Neutron Scattering by Homonuclear Diatomic Liquids: I. Free Rotation". Canadian Journal of Physics. 44 (6): 1279–1297. doi:10.1139/p66-108.
  4. ^ Sears, V. F. (1967). "Cold Neutron Scattering by Molecular Liquids: Iii. Methane". Canadian Journal of Physics. 45 (2): 237–254. doi:10.1139/p67-025.
  5. ^ Hall, P. L.; Ross, D. K. (1981). "Incoherent neutron scattering functions for random jump diffusion in bounded and infinite media". Molecular Physics. 42 (3): 673. doi:10.1080/00268978100100521.
  6. ^ Merton, R. C. (1976). "Option pricing when underlying stock returns are discontinuous". Journal of Financial Economics. 3 (1–2): 125–144. doi:10.1016/0304-405X(76)90022-2. hdl:1721.1/1899.
  7. ^ Christensen, H. L. (2012). "Forecasting high-frequency futures returns using online Langevin dynamics". IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing. 6 (4): 366–380. doi:10.1109/JSTSP.2012.2191532. hdl:10.1109/JSTSP.2012.2191532.
  8. ^ Grenander, U.; Miller, M.I. (1994). "Representations of Knowledge in Complex Systems". Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B. 56 (4): 549–603. JSTOR 2346184.