Justo Gallego Martínez
|Justo Gallego Martínez|
20 September 1925 |
Mejorada del Campo, Madrid, Spain
|Other names||Don Justo|
|Occupation||Builder, architect, former Trappist|
Justo Gallego Martínez (also known as Don Justo) (born 20 September 1925 in Mejorada del Campo) is a former monk who has been constructing a cathedral-like building on his own in the town of Mejorada del Campo in the Community of Madrid, Spain, since 1961. Don Justo has named the building Nuestra Señora del Pilar. It has neither any planning permissions, nor has it the benediction of any church authority.
Life and inspiration
Gallego Martínez was a farmer. His mother, a Roman Catholic, was very pious. His school education was interrupted by the Spanish Civil War. At the age of ten he witnessed communist forces, who were fighting Franco, shooting priests and ransacking the church in Mejorada del Campo; the events left him with little respect for the town’s socialist administration. As a young man, he joined a Trappist monastery but had to leave in 1961, after eight years, when he contracted tuberculosis and his health deteriorated in the monastic regime. He began to build a cathedral on a plot of land he had inherited from his parents. He had promised that if he recovered from the tuberculosis which had struck him down, he would build a shrine in honour of Our Lady of the Pillar, to whom he had prayed.
Gallego Martínez usually begins his workday at 6am and works for ten hours a day, except on Sundays. Eusebio Sanchez Dominges the parish priest described Gallego Martinez as a devout man, who attends Mass every Sunday. Despite his age, he has remained active in constructing the church as of July 2015.
On 12 October 1961 (feast day of the Our Lady of the Pillar), Gallego commenced the building work. There are no formal plans for the building. Gallego Martínez initially just levelled the ground and mapped out the ground-works on site. The building has evolved over time in response to opportunity and inspiration. One inspiration has been St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City, the White House in the US, and various castles and churches in Spain.
The outer dimensions of the main building are 20x50 metres and the total built up area of about 8,000m2. Below the main building there is a crypt and adjacent there is a complex of minor chapels, cloisters, lodgings and a library. The dome of the main building (modelled on St. Peter's Basilica) is about 40 metres in height, about 12 metres in diameter.
Most of the building materials and tools used for construction are recycled. This includes everyday objects and excess construction materials donated by construction companies and a nearby brick factory. For instance, the columns have been moulded with old petrol drums. The building work has been carried out without any crane.
In December 2014 Don Justo said that with the necessary funding the building could be finished in two to three years.
Support and finance
Although Gallego Martínez has worked mainly alone, for almost 20 years, he has been assisted by a local called Angel Lopez Sanchez. He has also been supported by his six nephews (who for instance helped placing the girders for the dome) and by occasional volunteers. Sometimes he has consulted an expert at his own expense. In 2005, an advertising campaign for the Aquarius soft drink gave him and his cathedral Spain-wide exposure. Gallego Martínez lives with his sister nearby. He has financed his work by selling and renting some of his inherited farmland. Private donations from supporters and visitors are also given.
The building does not have formal planning permission or building permits from the authorities of Mejorada del Campo. He also does not have the blessing or support of the Catholic Church. The town authorities, however, have named the street on which the project has been rising Calle Antonio Gaudi, after the architect behind another famous unfinished cathedral.
Residents of the area have mixed views on the ongoing project; some view it as a positive tourist attraction while others consider it merely an eyesore that officials have not done enough to prevent.
A brief documentary on this work was produced in 2006 by the Latin American version of The Discovery Channel, where Gallego explained his vision. The work has also been noted in the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. It is also the subject of the 2009 short documentary, Catedral.
- "The Madman and The Cathedral". Retrieved 3 November 2012.
- Anthony Judge (9 June 2003). "Don Justo's Self-Built Cathedral: metaphoric learnings for contemporary alternative initiatives". Laetusinpraesens.org. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
- "Unfinished Spanish cathedral is being built on 53 years of faith". Los Angeles Time. 19 December 2014.
- "BBC News - Madrid man builds cathedral from junk". BBC News. 30 December 2010. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
- Mark Eveleigh. "Don Justo and the Home-made Cathedral". travelintelligence. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- Bannerman, Lucy (1 April 2010). "The Quixotic task of Don Justo: to build a cathedral by himself". The Times. London. Retrieved 19 April 2010.
- Veerle Devos 2008 "Opus Dei: Justo Gallego Martinez: Moving Heaven & Earth" DAMNmagazine (#16)
- "Catedral de Justo, a self-built cathedral in Mejorada del Campo, Madrid". Naked Madrid.
- "Lifeintransit: Don Justo". lifeintransit.net. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- Tremlett, Giles (4 July 2006). "After 45 years of lonely toil, Justo's DIY cathedral gets a little help from his friends". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "Spanish Cathedral Result of One Man's Work : NPR". npr.org. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "New hope for Spain DIY cathedral". BBC News. 26 September 2006. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "Turismo: "Catedral"". Ayuntamiento de Mejorada del Campo (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- "Don Justo Gallego Martínez". La catedral de Justo Gallego. YouTube. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- "Catedral" Documentary by Aliocha and by Alessio Rigo de Righi
- short film following Justo building the cathedral over 4 years by James Rogan (2009)
- Justo Gallegos' Cathedral, photos and videos
- Le chantier de Dieu in GEO 360° (ARTE TV)
- "Justo Gallego y la Catedral de la Virgen del Pilar en Mejorada del Campo, la otra historia"
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