|Founder||Chris Depcik, Matt LeGresley, Lou McKown, Charles Sprouse III, Sunny Sanwar, Ryan Lierz|
|Douglas County, Kansas|
The University of Kansas Sustainable Automotive Energy Infrastructure Initiative, or more commonly referred to as the KU Ecohawks (short for Ecofriendly Jayhawks) is an ongoing project that works to promote sustainability in the automotive sector. Founded during the beginning of the Automotive industry crisis of 2008–2010 in the U.S., the group recycles old vehicles to run on community wastes and renewables, especially on the University of Kansas campus (and adjoining localities) and not rely on conventional fossil fuel sources that pollute the local and global environment.
In February 2008, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor Assistant Professor Christopher Depcik and a group of 5 engineering students from the University of Kansas met to organize a new project recognized by the School of Engineering that builds efficient community cars that run primarily on renewable energy sources. By August, the team added 6 more members to start the Fall Semester. Depcik worked with both General Motors Company and Ford Motor Company in Detroit. They picked an old non functioning car from a dump, which was meant to be destroyed and sold in scraps and recycled it into a series hybrid that ran on biodiesel made from used cooking oil from the campus dormitories. Later this was presented to a board saying that the car would get 500 MPG, which generated great media attention. It was a media stunt, and the car ended up getting 54 MPG. Moreover, the recycle of the vehicle itself prevented the release of a few tons of carbon to the atmosphere. They ran the car on different feedstock like ethanol, biodiesel and electricity and stressed efficiency over performance, as noted by co-founder Louis McKown in 2008. In 2009, another co-founder, Sunny Sanwar in an exhibition said that the point of the initiative is trying to get people to think about how 'inefficient' the auto industry is. In May 2009, Ford Motor Company President and CEO Alan Mulally visited the School of Engineering and talked with the students regarding the auto industry and answered questions about the technological, financial, cultural and political realities facing Ford.
The Ecohawks group is one of the largest and most promising initiatives of the University of Kansas and was funded and sponsored by highly efficient automotive car company Aptera Motors, The Coca-Cola Company, Daimler Trucks North America, Grundfos, Yokohama Rubber Company and Black & Veatch among others, at various stages.
- Design and Hybrid Architecture
The team then constructed a plug-in series hybrid electric vehicle. The batteries on-board were refilled using a biodiesel generator; conversely, it could be plugged into any typical wall socket found in homes. The team also built a solar energy filling station on campus consisting of six 180-watt panels that allowed recharging the car batteries in half a day while it is parked. Cars typically reached 40 mph around campus while the fuel economy was increased to 80 mpge due to solar refilling. The team uses combinations of different fuel sources each year.
On a much smaller scale the Ecohawks group researched advanced technologies in the small scale including NiMH, LiCoO2, LiFePO4 batteries. The utilized scaled down RC Cars for testing and validation. Research also conceptualized a parallel hybrid design that utilized a small internal combustion engine running on the a planned biodiesel blend and a brushless electric motor allowing for the doubling of torque. Research with ECM, hydrogen fuel cells and Metal hydride storage tanks led to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) grant that wanted to see the group design an infrastructure with Smart grid technologies. The initiatives were supported by National Instruments
The groups designs were adopted by the university when the KU Libraries started using vehicles that were converted by the ecohawks. The KU Libraries mail vehicle traveled about 22 miles on average on a given day. The electric vehicle would travels 80 to 90 miles before a recharge. The library car was a Chevrolet K5 Blazer, while the neighborhood EV was a 1974 Volkswagen Beetle In an article by Wired magazine it was estimated that profits, both financial and societal was possible if the ecohawks project was replicated on a larger scale
The ecohawks also proposed a plan to take the vehicles completely off grid. They installed six monocrystalline solar cells on their workspace and charged the cars from it, with no energy taken from the grid. Their workspace does not have an HVAC system, but uses biodiesel space heater. In addition, all small appliances are powered by solar energy. Later the group formulated a plan to make money from selling excess energy generated from the integrated renewable energy systems and optimizing the uses through a smart grid technology, i.e. the car would be a power plant by itself. Considering a finite range for an electric vehicle, and estimating that only a fraction is used for daily purposes, looking at the statistic for Kansas, the team proposed that they could potentially use wind energy at night to charge the battery pack.
During the day, a plug in solar carport would be constructed and depending on the needs of the electric grid, power can be drawn from the solar carport and from the vehicle battery pack to augment, or even completely supply the grid. Keeping enough charge for the car to get home, the consumer of the EV would actually be able to profit by giving the excess miles during the day as a supply to the grid. This process was showcased to the US EPA in Washington D.C., in 2010. In February 2011, city officials of Lawrence, Douglas County declared that the University would be getting an electric car charging station. The group made the first unofficial charging station in May 2010.
Education Programs (K-12)
The group hosts and organizes various education programs and projects for the surrounding schools.
- Element One
- Sustainable transport
- Neighborhood electric vehicle
- Dual-mode vehicle
- Hybrid electric vehicle
- Solar-charged vehicle
- Plug-in vehicle (disambiguation)
- School of Engineering KU Class of EcoHawks Works to Build Hyper-Efficient Car 13 November 2008
- University Daily Kansan September 25, 2008 Seniors in engineering school build hybrid car by Sachiko Miyakawa
- University Daily Kansan December 1, 2008 KU mechanical engineering class works to build a 500 miles per gallon car by Ryan McGeeney
- Lawrence Journal-World May 17, 2009 Meet some of the KU engineering students, who recycled a 1974 Volkswagen Super Beetle, turning it into a hybrid that burns biodiesel, uses electricity and gets 54 miles per gallon by Mark Fagan
- The Oread EcoHawks hope beat-up Beetle leads to future of fuel efficiency December 8, 2008
- University Daily Kansan February 11, 2009 Library exhibit spotlights climate issue by Chris Horn
- Ford Motor Company CEO Alan Mulally Speaks with Students at KU School of Engineering
- Lawrence Journal World The energy evolution: From biorefining to oil recovery, KU makes headway on green projects
- KU School of Engineering Corporate Sponsors of the KU Ecohawks
- AASHE October 6, 2008 U Kansas Engineering Students Design Hybrid Car
- University Daily Kansan May 3, 2010 RC Cars hold design for efficient vehicles by Brenna Long
- Smart Grid Today With EPA grant in hand, KU EcoHawks will give V2G a chance July 26, 2010
- Smart Grid Sponsors for the KU Ecohawks
- University Daily Kansan November 4, 2010 KU EcoHawks convert car to electric by Kelly Stroda
- Sustainability drives KU engineers
- Wired October 15, 2009 Old-School Beetle Runs on Batteries and Biodiesel by Kieth Barry
- Sustainably Speaking Japanese Town Testing Solar-to-Electric Cars -But So Are The EcoHawks by George Dearing on May 13, 2010
- Sunflower Horizons Lawrence's Sustainability Trailblazers Largest Sustainable Initiatives of Lawrence, Kansas
- Sunflower Horizon April 20, 2011 EcoHawks power up small-scale smart grid in D.C. Christine Metz
- Fox News on February 21, 2011 University of Kansas to Get Electric Car Charging Station
- K-12 Student Competitions
- International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition of 2009: American Society of Mechanical Engineers November 13–19, 2009 First Year Report of the Kansas Ecohawks: A sustainable approach to advanced energy and vehicular technologies at the University of Kansas