Khaju Bridge

Coordinates: 32°38′12″N 51°41′0″E / 32.63667°N 51.68333°E / 32.63667; 51.68333
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Khaju Bridge
Coordinates32°38′12″N 51°41′0″E / 32.63667°N 51.68333°E / 32.63667; 51.68333
LocaleIsfahan, Iran
DesignArch bridge
MaterialStone and brick
Total length137 m (449 ft)
Width12 m (39 ft)
No. of spans21
Construction end1650

The Khaju Bridge (Persian: پل خواجو, Pol-e Xāju) is one of the historical bridges on the Zayanderud, the largest river of the Iranian Plateau, in Isfahan, Iran. Serving as both a bridge and a weir, it links the Khaju quarter on the north bank with the Zoroastrian quarter across the Zayanderud. It is located at the end of Kamal Ismail Street in Isfahan.[1]

The bridge served a primary function as a building and a place for public meetings in the past.[2][3] It has been described as the city's finest bridge.[3]

Persian art historians and revivalists, Arthur Upham Pope and Phyllis Ackerman are interred in a mausoleum nearby.[4]


The Khaju Bridge was built around 1650, under the reign of Abbas II, the seventh Safavid king (shah) of Iran, on the foundations of an older bridge. The existing inscriptions suggest that the bridge was repaired in 1873. There is a pavilion located in the center of the structure, inside which Abbas II would have once sat, admiring the view.[3] Today, remnants of a stone seat is all that is left of the king's chair.

In words of Arthur Pope and Jean Chardin, Khaju is "the culminating monument of Persian bridge architecture and one of the most interesting bridges extant ... where the whole has rhythm and dignity and combines in the happiest consistency, utility, beauty, and recreation."[5] The poets of Isfahan wrote beautiful poems on the Khajoo bridge and in these poems they praised its beauties. Among these poems is the long poem by Saeb Tabrizi which describes one of the days of celebration and illumination next to this bridge. According to historians and scholars who have studied the Safavid dynasty, Shah Abbas II's goal in building the Khajoo Bridge was to connect the two districts of Khajoo and the Hassanabad Gate with Takht-e Folad and Shiraz Road. Tourists who came to Isfahan at different times praised the beauty of the Khajoo Bridge and considered it one of the eternal masterpieces of Iranian and Islamic architecture.[6]


The bridge has 23 arches and is 133 meters long and 12 meters wide. Iranian architects have raised concerns about damage inflicted on the bridge during recent "improvement program" renovations, citing, among other problems, the destruction of the original stepped base of the bridge, the alterations made to the riverbed, and the removal of the Safavid inscribed stone blocks from the bridge.[7][8]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Isfahan book (Lotfollah Honarfar), 1977, pocket books company, page 98
  2. ^ Mainstone, Rowland J. (1998). Developments in Structural Form. Architectural Press. p. 261.
  3. ^ a b c Burke, Andrew; Elliot, Mark (2008). Iran. Lonely Planet. p. 243.
  4. ^ Erdbrink, Thomas (2014-04-14). "American's Wish for Iranian Burial Riles Hard-Liners". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-09-10.
  5. ^ Sir John Chardin, Ronald W. Ferrier (1996). A Journey to Persia: Jean Chardin's portrait of a seventeenth-century empire. I.B.Tauris. p. 149.
  6. ^ Isfahan website, 2021
  7. ^ Parsipour, Mehrdad (20 July 2010). "Critiquing Recent Renovations of the Khaju Bridge in Esfahan, Iran". Green Prophet. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  8. ^ Farrokh, Kaveh. "'Restoration' damages at Pole Khaju in Isfahan".

Further reading[edit]

  • Blair, Sheila S.; Bloom, Jonathan M. (1994). The Art and Architecture of Islam. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Michell, George (1978). Architecture of the Islamic World. London: Thames and Hudson.

External links[edit]