Khasab

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Khasab
خصب
Town
Central square of Khasab
Central square of Khasab
Khasab is located in Oman
Khasab
Khasab
Location in Oman
Coordinates: 26°11′N 56°15′E / 26.183°N 56.250°E / 26.183; 56.250
Country  Oman
Governorate Musandam Governorate
Population (2003)
 • Total 17,730
Time zone GST (UTC+4)

Khasab (Arabic: خصب‎‎ Ḫaṣab) is a city in an exclave of Oman bordering the United Arab Emirates. It is the local capital of the Musandam peninsula and has frequently been dubbed the "Norway of Arabia" because of its extensive fjord-like craggy inlets and desolate mountainscapes.[1][2][3][4]

Khasab is a small city when compared to nearby cities of the United Arab Emirates. It has many residents who mostly live in mainland Oman and come to Khasab for vacations. There is a huge population of Indians, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis just like mainland Oman who work in restaurants, grocery stores, supermarkets, tour operators and many other places. The city has a Toyota Showroom.

It has a Lulu Hypermarket which is as big as the ones in Mainland Oman. The city is naturally surrounded by the mountains of the Al Hajar Range. Khasab has a fully functional hospital and several hotels like Atana Khasab [formerly Golden Tulip Hotel], Lake Hotel and Khasab Hotel. Several Beaches and parks are found across the city. The city's population is dominated by ethnic Omanis from the mainland. Khasab also has a fort which is known as Khasab Fort. The people in the city are friendly to the tourists. The sea port is dominated by the superior dhows which take tourists for a cruise across the natural, dry "fjords" which is evidently the main reason for tourism in the city.

The city is frequently visited by residents of UAE as the Khasab Coastal Road provides access to the city from UAE by connecting with the E11 Highway in the UAE side. The city can also be accessed by the ferry which is maintained by the Government. The ferries are superior modern and well advanced.

History[edit]

The Portuguese built Khasab at the beginning of the 17th century, at the height of their naval presence in the region. The natural harbour gave shelter from rough seas. Unlike many forts, which were built on high ground for defensive purposes, Khasab was designed as a supply point for dates and water for Portuguese ships sailing through the strait. Today, Khasab is protected from floods by three large dams.[5]

Economy[edit]

Access to the area by land was virtually impossible until a modern coast road was built, which allows fast access from the United Arab Emirates, making Khasab a popular weekend destination for people living in the Emirates. The new road also allows access to the village of Tawi, where prehistoric drawings of boats, animals and warriors can be seen in the rock face.[5] Khasab also has a number of modern shopping areas with imported Irani goods and locally created pottery, and a few hotels, including the Khasab Hotel, Atana Musandam Resort and Atana Khasab Hotel, which sits on a cliff overlooking the Persian Gulf.[4]

Khasab has an interesting trading position, which hinges on its proximity to Iran. Iranians export sheep and goats into the local port, from where the animals are dispatched to the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia in trucks. On their return trip to the Islamic Republic, the sailors load their boats up with electronic goods and American cigarettes, arriving in Khasab after sunrise and leave before sunset to conform with Omani immigration laws. Since the trading is illegal under Iranian law, they must avoid the Islamic Republic's coastguard as well as all other shipping in the busy waters of the Strait of Hormuz. The crossing is hazardous since the vessels, piled high either with livestock or with numerous boxes must avoid the path of the scores of oil-tankers which pass through the Strait in a transverse direction daily.[5] Recent increases of United States sanctions against Iran have increased the amount of smuggling done through Khasab.[6]

Tourism[edit]

Boats from Khasab take tourists on trips to view the dolphins common in the waters around the Musandam, as well as to visit Telegraph Island, for a short time (between 1865 and 1868) the site of a manned telegraph repeater station on the cable section between Bahrain and Bombay.

Climate[edit]

Khasab has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with very hot summers and mild winters. Precipitation is low, and mostly falls from December to March.

The Airport of Khasab, located few miles inland from the coast, on 27 June 2011, recorded the world calendar day highest minimum temperature of 41.2 °C (106.2 °F) until Death Valley, California, United States, broke the record by 0.5 °C (about 1 °F) on 12 July 2012.[7] On 17 June 2017, Khasab reached the highest nighttime low temperature recorded so far at 44.2 °C (111.6 °F).[8]

Climate data for Khasab
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
32.0
(89.6)
37.5
(99.5)
43.0
(109.4)
46.2
(115.2)
49.0
(120.2)
47.7
(117.9)
47.5
(117.5)
44.0
(111.2)
41.4
(106.5)
36.0
(96.8)
31.0
(87.8)
49
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
24.9
(76.8)
28.0
(82.4)
33.5
(92.3)
37.8
(100)
39.2
(102.6)
39.8
(103.6)
38.6
(101.5)
37.2
(99)
34.5
(94.1)
30.2
(86.4)
25.9
(78.6)
32.83
(91.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
20.8
(69.4)
23.8
(74.8)
28.7
(83.7)
32.8
(91)
34.4
(93.9)
35.3
(95.5)
34.7
(94.5)
33.1
(91.6)
30.1
(86.2)
25.7
(78.3)
21.7
(71.1)
28.44
(83.2)
Average low °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
16.2
(61.2)
19.4
(66.9)
23.9
(75)
27.9
(82.2)
30.0
(86)
31.3
(88.3)
31.1
(88)
29.3
(84.7)
25.5
(77.9)
20.9
(69.6)
17.3
(63.1)
24.03
(75.25)
Record low °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
10.0
(50)
10.0
(50)
15.5
(59.9)
21.5
(70.7)
25.0
(77)
23.8
(74.8)
27.0
(80.6)
22.0
(71.6)
16.0
(60.8)
12.0
(53.6)
8.4
(47.1)
8.4
(47.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.8
(1.764)
49.1
(1.933)
46.3
(1.823)
8.8
(0.346)
1.9
(0.075)
0.0
(0)
0.8
(0.031)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
2.9
(0.114)
32.1
(1.264)
186.7
(7.35)
Average relative humidity (%) 63 66 62 53 60 63 66 70 69 63 61 62 63.2
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [9]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khasab, Oman Air. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  2. ^ Musandam is a glimpse of the real Arabia, Travel Weekly. Published September 28, 2006. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  3. ^ A Mountain Of Thirst, Outlook. Published February 2, 2004. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  4. ^ a b Karim, Rose Yasmin. Fjords & flippers, The Star. Published February 21, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  5. ^ a b c Wells, Rhona. The Norway of Arabia, The Middle East. Published February 1, 2004. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  6. ^ al Shaibany, Saleb. US sanctions help Omani fishermen survive as smugglers, The National. Published November 1, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  7. ^ June 2011 Global Weather Extremes Summary [1], Weather Underground. Published September 8, 2011. Retrieved September 8, 2011
  8. ^ Masters, Jeff (22 June 2017). "A World Record Low Humidity? 116°F With a 0.36% Humidity in Iran". Weather Underground. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "Khasab Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 15, 2013. 

Coordinates: 26°11′N 56°15′E / 26.183°N 56.250°E / 26.183; 56.250