Rahway, New Jersey
|Rahway, New Jersey|
|City of Rahway|
Rahway highlighted in Union County. Inset; Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Rahway, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 19, 1858|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Mayor||Samson D. Steinman (term ends December 31, 2018)|
|• Clerk||Jeffrey J. Jotz|
|• Total||4.028 sq mi (10.434 km2)|
|• Land||3.897 sq mi (10.094 km2)|
|• Water||0.131 sq mi (0.340 km2) 3.26%|
|Area rank||297th of 566 in state
13th of 21 in county
|Elevation||23 ft (7 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2014)||28,528|
|• Rank||84th of 566 in state
6th of 21 in county
|• Density||7,016.8/sq mi (2,709.2/km2)|
|• Density rank||62nd of 566 in state
7th of 21 in county
|Time zone||Eastern Standard Time (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885363|
Rahway // is a city in southern Union County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the New York metropolitan area, being 21.6 miles (34.8 km) southwest of Manhattan and 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Staten Island. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 27,346, reflecting an increase of 846 (+3.2%) from the 26,500 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,175 (+4.6%) from the 25,325 counted in the 1990 Census.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Downtown revitalization
- 8 East Jersey State Prison
- 9 Notable people
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Formal European settlement began in 1664 with the purchase by the English from the Lenape of the Elizabethtown Tract, which encompassed lands from the mouth of the Raritan River and included all of present-day Union County as well as parts of Somerset, Middlesex, Morris and Essex counties. The Seventeenth Century Clark House is one of the oldest buildings in the state.
Rahway saw action during the American Revolutionary War because of its proximity to Staten Island, Elizabethtown and Perth Amboy. In January 1777, rebels were victorious against the British in the Battle of Spanktown, which resulted in the death of some 100 British troops. The battle was named this after Rahway's original name given to it by the first settlers, Spanktown, which is said to have been chosen "because an early settler publicly took his spouse across his knee and chastised her".
The Merchants' and Drovers' Tavern resides at the corner of St. Georges and Westfield Avenues. The earliest buildings at the site date to 1795 and the property remains one of Rahway's most prominent historical landmarks. George Washington visited Rahway during his travel to New York City prior to his presidential inauguration in 1789. A marker across the street from the tavern reads:
- Here, on April 23, 1789, on his way to New York City, Washington
- was received by troops from Elizabethtown and Newark. He was
- entertained at the inn kept by Samuel Smith by gentlemen of the town.
Following the Revolution, Rahway became the home of the first national mint to create a coin bearing the inscription E pluribus unum. A United States Post Office established in Rahway was one of only six in the entire state in 1791.
Rahway grew due to its location along the major stagecoach and railroad lines between New York City and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The navigable Rahway River, which flows through the city, also aided the city's commercial growth.
As immigrants from Britain, Ireland and Germany streamed into what was then Rahway Township in the 1850s, Rahway became incorporated as a city by an act of the State Legislature on April 19, 1858, from portions of Rahway Township in Union and Woodbridge Township in Middlesex County. In 1860, the portion of Rahway that had been part of Middlesex County was transferred to Union. On March 13, 1861, the remainder of Rahway Township became part of Rahway City. Clark Township was formed from portions of the city on March 23, 1864.
The first municipal elections for the mayor and council were conducted on April 19, 1858, and the council held its first meeting on May 3, 1858. The city's police department and its initial group of four constables were created at that first council meeting.
The city became home to dozens of major manufacturers, including the Regina Music Box Company, Wheatena, Mershon Bros. and, most importantly, Merck & Co., which was established in Rahway in 1903, when George Merck moved his small chemical company to Rahway from New York City. The company remained in Rahway through the presidency of George W. Merck and after.
The national decline in industry after World War II led to the closure of most of Rahway's major manufacturing facilities (except for Merck) and a general deterioration of the city's central business district. Beginning in the late 1990s, the city launched a plan to revitalize the downtown area and authorized the construction of hundreds of new market-rate housing units, a hotel, art galleries and additional retail space.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Rahway had a total area of 4.028 square miles (10.434 km2), including 3.897 square miles (10.094 km2) of land and 0.131 square miles (0.340 km2) of water (3.26%).
The city is home to about ten parks. The best-known park is Rahway River Park, which is maintained by Union County, and is also partially located in Clark. The park hosts a number of baseball fields, picnic areas, a lake and a public pool. The park was designed by the Olmsted Brothers in 1922 and its swimming pool, built in 1929, was documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in 1985.
The Rahway River travels through Rahway, entering from Clark at Rahway River Park. The river receives the waters of Robinsons Branch at Elizabeth Avenue between West Grand Avenue and West Main Street, and then receives the waters of the South Branch at East Hazlewood Avenue and Leesville Avenue. Finally the river leaves Rahway to enter the city limits of Linden and Carteret before flowing into the Arthur Kill.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Rahway has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Rahway, New Jersey|
|Average high °C (°F)||4
|Average low °C (°F)||−6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||74
|Source: Weatherbase |
|Population sources: 1860-1920
1860-1960 1860-1870 1870
1900-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,346 people, 10,533 households, and 6,815 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,016.8 per square mile (2,709.2/km2). There were 11,300 housing units at an average density of 2,899.5 per square mile (1,119.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 52.30% (14,301) White, 30.93% (8,457) Black or African American, 0.31% (84) Native American, 4.30% (1,175) Asian, 0.02% (5) Pacific Islander, 8.37% (2,288) from other races, and 3.79% (1,036) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 23.52% (6,433) of the population.
There were 10,533 households, of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the city, 21.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.8 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $58,551 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,355) and the median family income was $77,268 (+/- $9,506). Males had a median income of $56,572 (+/- $3,375) versus $47,832 (+/- $3,542) for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,855 (+/- $1,981). About 5.4% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 26,500 people, 10,028 households, and 6,728 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,642.7 people per square mile (2,564.3/km2). There were 10,381 housing units at an average density of 2,602.2 per square mile (1,004.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 60.19% White, 27.07% African American, 0.16% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 5.62% from other races, and 3.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.87% of the population.
There were 10,028 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $50,729, and the median income for a family was $61,931. Males had a median income of $41,047 versus $32,091 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,481. About 5.4% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Rahway is governed under the Faulkner Act system of municipal government under the Mayor-Council (Plan F), implemented as of January 1, 1955, based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission.
Under the City of Rahway's form of government, all executive and administrative authority is vested in the office of the mayor, who appoints the Business Administrator and department directors. The Business Administrator develops an annual budget for the city, manages the city's departments and oversees its employees. This form of government gives citizens a centralized line of authority for the efficient management of the city’s business. There are nine members of the Municipal Council, all elected to four-year terms of office. Six members of the council are elected from each of six wards. The other three members are elected to represent the entire city at large, and come up for election at the same time as the mayor two years after the ward seats are up for election.
As of 2015[update], the mayor of Rahway is Samson Steinman (D), who is serving a term of office ending December 31, 2018. Members of the Municipal Council are Council President Robert "Bob" Bresenhan, Jr. (Second Ward; D, 2016), James Baker (At Large; D, 2018), David Brown (Fourth Ward; D, 2016), Rodney Farrar (First Ward; D, 2016), Raymond A. Giacobbe, Jr. (Sixth Ward; D, 2016, serving an unexpired term), Jennifer Wenson Maier (Fifth Ward; D, 2016), Joanna Miles (At Large; D, 2018), Jeremy E. Mojica (At Large; D, 2018) and Jerry Scaturo (Third Ward; D, 2016).
Samson Staiman was appointed to the position of mayor in September 2013 following the resignation of Rick Proctor, whose term of office was to have extended until December 31, 2014. In turn, the city council chose Raymond A. Giacobbe, Jr., from among three candidates nominated by the Democratic municipal committee to fill Staiman's vacant Sixth Ward seat.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 22nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nicholas Scutari (D, Linden) and in the General Assembly by Jerry Green (D, Plainfield) and James J. Kennedy (D, Rahway). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members. As of 2014[update], Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term ends December 31, 2014), Vice Chairman Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015), Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015), Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, 2016), Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014), Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2016) Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2016), Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015) and Vernell Wright (D, Union, 2014). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union, 2015), Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union, 2016) and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014). The County Manager is Alfred Faella.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 15,719 registered voters in Rahway, of which 7,159 (45.5% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,675 (10.7% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 6,880 (43.8% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5 voters registered to other parties. Among the city's 2010 Census population, 57.5% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 73.5% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 8,413 votes (74.7% vs. 66.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2,648 votes (23.5% vs. 32.3%) and other candidates with 107 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 11,269 ballots cast by the city's 16,730 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.4% (vs. 68.8% in Union County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 8,340 votes (69.8% vs. 63.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 3,410 votes (28.5% vs. 35.2%) and other candidates with 115 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 11,944 ballots cast by the city's 16,039 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.5% (vs. 74.7% in Union County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 6,512 votes (63.1% vs. 58.3% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 3,668 votes (35.5% vs. 40.3%) and other candidates with 92 votes (0.9% vs. 0.7%), among the 10,326 ballots cast by the city's 14,471 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.4% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 55.4% of the vote (3,211 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 43.0% (2,494 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (93 votes), among the 5,934 ballots cast by the city's 16,359 registered voters (136 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 36.3%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 3,961 ballots cast (57.4% vs. 50.6% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 2,451 votes (35.5% vs. 41.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 366 votes (5.3% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 68 votes (1.0% vs. 0.8%), among the 6,895 ballots cast by the city's 15,842 registered voters, yielding a 43.5% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).
The Rahway Public Schools serve students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's six schools had an enrollment of 3,858 students and 294.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.09:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are four PreK-6 elementary schools (which had been PreK-5 until 2011) — Grover Cleveland School (343 students), Franklin School (564), Madison School (308) and Roosevelt School (665) — Rahway 7th & 8th Grade Academy (845) for grades 7-8 and Rahway High School (1,133) for grades 9-12.
Roads and highways
The city had a total of 73.67 miles (118.56 km) of roadways, of which 59.18 miles (95.24 km) were maintained by the municipality, 10.45 miles (16.82 km) by Union County and 4.04 miles (6.50 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Rahway is served by U.S. Route 1/9, and Route 27. The city is sandwiched between the Garden State Parkway and the New Jersey Turnpike, which are each located about two miles outside of the city limits.
New Jersey Transit 115 route provides local service and interstate service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, with service on the 48 line to Elizabeth and Perth Amboy.
Rahway Train Station serves New Jersey Transit's North Jersey Coast Line and Northeast Corridor Line. The City of Rahway and New Jersey Transit helped fund a $16 million renovation for the station in 1999 and a public plaza in front of the station was completed in 2001, changes that have spurred cleanup and revitalization downtown. A new US$11.2 million 524-space parking deck opened across the street from the station in January 2005, helping train commuters and allowing the city to transform old parking lot space into new buildings and residences. A typical train ride to New York City’s Pennsylvania Station takes 40 minutes.
Beginning in the early 1990s and continuing through the present day, the City of Rahway has rebounded as its downtown began to see the construction of new restaurants, art galleries, market-rate housing and the old Rahway Theatre reopening as the Union County Performing Arts Center. The theater underwent a $6.2-million renovation and expansion project, completed in 2007. As part of the expansion, the facility was purchased by the County of Union for $1.3 million and leased back for $1 a year.
In September 1999, remnants of Hurricane Floyd swept across New Jersey and caused severe damage. The Rahway Public Library was on a flood plain and suffered over US$1 million in flood damage. The building was demolished in October 2001 and a new library was constructed and opened on March 22, 2004, behind the city's municipal building along a less flood-prone area of the Rahway River. The area where the former Rahway Public Library was now contains tennis courts and a small playground.
East Jersey State Prison
East Jersey State Prison, formerly known as Rahway State Prison, actually is located in Woodbridge Township at the border with Rahway. The prison's mailing address is in Rahway, leading many to believe the facility was located there. The prison's official name was changed to East Jersey State Prison as of November 30, 1988, at the request of the citizens of Rahway. East Jersey State Prison is seen at the beginning of the movie, Ocean's Eleven, starring George Clooney. The 1978 documentary Scared Straight was filmed there as was the 1989 movie Lock Up, starring Sylvester Stallone and the prison was briefly mentioned in John Sayles City of Hope (1991).
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Rahway include:
- Shanice Williams (born 1996), actress who starred as Dorothy in The Wiz Live! on NBC.
- Juliette Atkinson (1873-1944), Hall of Fame tennis player and three-time U.S. Open champion.
- Peter Boettke (born 1960), economist of the Austrian School.
- Frank E. Boland (c. 1880 – 1913), James Paul Boland (1882 – 1970) and Joseph John Boland (1879 – 1964), early aircraft designers who started the Boland Airplane and Motor Company.
- Kimberly Brandão (born 1984), professional women's soccer player who is a captain of the Portugal Women's National Team, which she has represented since 2007.
- Chris Brantley (born 1970), former NFL wide receiver who played for the Los Angeles Rams and Buffalo Bills.
- Ronald Breslow (born 1931), chemist.
- Isaac Brokaw (1746-1826), clockmaker.
- Harvey Brown (1795-1874), American military officer who fought in the Black Hawk and Seminole Wars, the Mexican-American War and the American Civil War.
- Louis Campbell (born 1979), professional basketball player who plays for Strasbourg IG of the French League.
- Clifford P. Case (1904–1982), Representative of the Sixth District of New Jersey in the House of Representatives (1945–1954), United States Senator (R-N.J.) 1955-1979.
- Abraham Clark (1725–1794), signer of the Declaration of Independence, is buried at the Rahway Cemetery.
- Earl Clark (born 1988), professional basketball player who played in the NBA for the Brooklyn Nets.
- Samuel Hanson Cox (1793-1880), Presbyterian minister and abolitionist.
- Joseph T. Crowell (1817–1891), Speaker of the New Jersey General Assembly and President of the New Jersey Senate.
- Arnold D'Ambrosa (born 1933), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1974 to 1976, until is career was cut short by a political scandal.
- George Davenport (1783-1845), frontiersman, trader, United States Army officer and settler in the Iowa Territory who is the namesake of Davenport, Iowa.
- Evie (born 1956), contemporary Christian music singer.
- John Frazee (1790-1862), sculptor and architect.
- Amos Noë Freeman (1809-1893), abolitionist, educator and Presbyterian minister.
- Milton Friedman (1912–2006), economist and Nobel Prize winner.
- Leighton Gage (1942-2013), author of crime fiction.
- Antonio Garay (born 1979), defensive tackle for the San Diego Chargers.
- Wayne Gilchrest (born 1946), U.S. Congressman.
- Jerome Kagan (born 1929), professor emeritus of psychology at Harvard University who was one of the pioneers of developmental psychology.
- Janis Karpinski (born 1953), one of the first women Brigadier Generals of the Army and former commander of the Abu Ghraib Prison in Iraq.
- William H. Lash (1961–2006), the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Market Access and Compliance from 2001 to 2005.
- Dory Previn (1925-2012), lyricist and singer-songwriter, born here (as Dorothy Veronica Langan).
- Pearl Reaves (1929-2000), R&B singer and guitarist.
- Freddie Russo (1924–1987), professional boxer.
- Eric Roberson (born 1976), R&B and soul singer-songwriter.
- Carl Sagan (1934–1996), astronomer; winner of Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction Writing in 1978.
- Chris Smith (born 1953), U.S. Congressman.
- Dexter Strickland (born 1990), McDonald's High School All-American basketball player who attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill basketball player.
- Kurt Sutter (born 1966), screenwriter, director, producer and actor.
- Nikola Tesla (1856–1943), formed his company, Tesla Electric Light & Manufacturing, in Rahway.
- Kevin M. Tucker (1940-2012), Commissioner of the Philadelphia Police Department from 1986 to 1988.
- Allan Vache (born 1953), jazz clarinetist and younger brother of Warren Vache.
- Warren Vache (born 1951), jazz cornetist and veteran of the groups of Benny Goodman, Rosemary Clooney, Benny Carter, Annie Ross and many other jazz notables.
- Dr. P. Roy Vagelos (born 1929), retired Merck & Co. CEO.
- Carolyn Wells (1862–1942), author and poet.
- Emmanuel Yarborough (born 1964), 1995 USA World Sumo Champion.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Khavkine, Richard. "Rahway Mayor Rick Proctor resigns post after 32 turbulent months", The Star-Ledger, September 11, 2013. Accessed September 14, 2013. "With a single-sentence resignation letter, Rick Proctor has ended his tumultuous 32-month tenure as mayor of Rahway, effective immediately.... Council president Samson Steinman, a one-time political ally but more recently a frequent Proctor adversary, has been named acting mayor."
- 2015 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of October 20, 2015. Accessed November 14, 2015.
- Municipal Clerk, City of Rahway. Accessed July 6, 2012.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 98.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Rahway, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Rahway city, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 20, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Rahway city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed May 20, 2012.
- 2010 Census Populations: Union County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed May 20, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 19, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Rahway, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed May 20, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Rahway, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 14, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed May 20, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 6, 2012.
- "Rahway" from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition of 1911, accessed January 3, 2007.
- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 25. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 21, 2015.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 21, 2015.
- History, Dr. Wm. Robinson Plantation Museum. Accessed May 22, 2013.
- History, City of Rahway. Accessed November 20, 2012. "In January 1777, the Battle of Spanktown was fought on St. Georges Avenue in the vicinity of Robinson’s Branch and the North Branch of the Rahway River. The battle lasted twelve hours with the rebels getting the best of the British, who lost almost one hundred men."
- Staff. "The Battle of Spanktown; Early History of Rahway and Its Environs", The New York Times, February 21, 1897. Accessed November 20, 2012. "The Rahway of to-day is what was known in the last century as Spanktown, the name having been given because an early settler publicly took his spouse across his knee and chastised her."
- The Merchants and Drovers Tavern: Historical background, Merchants' and Drovers' Tavern. Accessed June 7, 2006.
- Tavern - Merchants & Drovers Tavern, Rahway, Art & Architecture of New Jersey, Stockton University. Accessed May 20, 2012.
- Hill, Raven. "Colonial coin found at old home in Franklin", Home News Tribune, April 13, 2003. Accessed May 20, 2012. "It turned out to be a New Jersey Copper, minted in Rahway or Morristown between 1786 and 1790, the first coins to bear the national motto, 'E Pluribus Unum.'"
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 194. Accessed May 20, 2012.
- History, Rahway Police. Accessed May 22, 2013. "The Rahway Police Department was officially established on May 3, 1858, at the first meeting of the city council."
- Staff. "Suitable Site: Albany Merck Plant Targeted for Growth", The Albany Herald, June 14, 1987. "The company launched a manufacturing operation in Rahway, in 1903 where the company headquarters is located today."
- Areas touching Rahway, MapIt. Accessed April 14, 2015.
- Rahway River Park map, Union County, New Jersey Department of Parks and Community Renewal. Accessed May 20, 2012.
- Yearby, Jean P. Rahway River Park, Swimming Pool, Historic American Engineering Record, Library of Congress. Accessed April 14, 2015.
- SIGNIFICANT HABITATS AND HABITAT COMPLEXES OF THE NEW YORK BIGHT WATERSHED - Arthur Kill Complex, United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Accessed May 22, 2013.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed April 24, 2015.
- Climate Summary for Rahway, New Jersey
- Rahway weather, Weatherbase.com. Accessed October 18, 2013.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed May 21, 2013.
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- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 281, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 29, 2013. "Rahway is divided into four wards. In 1860 the population was 7,130; and in 1870, 6,258. This diminution is caused by the of Clark and Linden townships."
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 29, 2013.
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- Martin, Antoinette. "Can a Face Lift Offer a New Identity?", The New York Times, October 29, 2006. Accessed May 20, 2012. "Rahway’s train station, transformed after a $16 million renovation, is in the heart of its compact downtown, offering commuters a direct trip to Penn Station in Manhattan, about 15 miles northeast of here, or to Penn Station in Newark or to Trenton."
- Russell, Suzanne C. "Rahway parking project on track 524-space deck may open in December", Home News Tribune, July 20, 2004. Accessed May 20, 2012.
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- Russell, Suzanne C. "RAHWAY FEMA action closes books on Rahway's flood-damaged library", Home News Tribune, November 14, 1999. Accessed May 20, 2012. "The flood-damaged Rahway Public Library will never reopen at the St. Georges Avenue building because Federal Emergency Management Agency officials have deemed the damage too severe. Instead, a new library and technology center are planned by the city for the 40,000-square-foot SDI Technologies building on Main Street, Rahway officials said."
- Malwitz, Rick. "What's in a name? Plenty if we're talking prison", Home News Tribune, February 15, 2001. Accessed May 20, 2012. "The name was officially changed to East Jersey State Prison Nov. 30, 1988."
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- Juliette Atkinson, International Tennis Hall of Fame. Accessed July 30, 2014.
- Peter Boettke Interview, The Best Schools. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Boettke was born in Rahway, New Jersey, in 1960."
- New Jersey Aviation History, New Jersey Aviation Hall of Fame. Accessed September 21, 2015. "1909 - Rahway's Boland brothers built and flew the state's first fixed-wing aircraft. They were also the first to fly in South America."
- Stephenson, Colin. "Rahway's Brandao sisters find soccer success with Portuguese national team", The Star-Ledger, April 10, 2009. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Lissette and Kimberly Brandao rose through the youth soccer ranks in Rahway and were skilled enough to play alongside Heather O'Reilly at the club level and Carli Lloyd at Rutgers."
- Chris Brantley, NFL.com. Accessed September 21, 2015.
- Ronald Breslow, Columbia University. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Ronald Breslow was born in Rahway, New Jersey on March 14, 1931."
- Van Hoesen, Walter Hamilton. Crafts and Craftsmen of New Jersey, p. 70. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1973. ISBN 9780838610800. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Brokaw was born in Raritan, Somerset County, in 1746, and died in 1826.... Isaac began his trade in Elizabeth around 1770 and remained there until 1790, when he removed to Bridge Town, on the south side of the Rahway River, which is now known as Rahway."
- Hunt, Henry Jackson. Sketch of the Life and Services of Gen. Harvey Brown, U.S. Army, p. 3. Appleton, 1874. Accessed September 21, 2015. ""He was born in Bridgetown, now forming part of the town of Rahway, New Jersey, in 1796."
- Carino, Jerry. "In Jeff Lubreski, Plainfield’s loss is Rahway’s gain", Courier News, July 1, 2015. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Not that Rahway is a basketball wasteland. The Indians produced Earl Clark and Louis Campbell, among others, and achieved steady success under previous coach Kevin Conroy."
- Staff. "Case: Eisenhower Stalwart and McCarthy Foe; Republican Nominee for Senate Big Vote Getter in Jersey", The New York Times, October 28, 1954. Accessed April 15, 2011. "Clifford P. Case of Rahway is a lean scholarly looking man, whose quiet manner, philosophical speeches and natural inclination for unostentatious campaigning hardly fit the mold of political orthodoxy."
- Staff. "HOUSE OF ABRAHAM CLARK, A SIGNER, WILL BE REBUILT; Duplicate of Rahway Home to Memorialize Him and Two Sons as Revolutionary Patriots", The New York Times, February 6, 1927. Accessed September 21, 2015. "ABRAHAM CLARK, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, is to be honored by the erection of a memorial house in his home town, Rahway, N.J."
- Earl Clark, University of Louisville. Accessed June 17, 2009.
- McCullough, Andy. Rahway's Earl Clark picked by Phoenix Suns in first round of NBA Draft", The Star-Ledger, June 25, 2009. Accessed September 21, 2015.
- Fowler, Henry. The American Pulpit: Sketches, Biographical and Descriptive, of Living American Preachers, and of the Religious Movements and Distinctive Ideas which They Represent, p. 351. J.M. Fowler, 1856. Accessed September 21, 2015. "They were members of the Society of Friends; were married February 13, 1791; removed from Philadelphia March 23, 1792, to Rahway, New Jersey, where, at Leesville, as now called, Samuel H. Cox was born."
- American Ancestry 4. Albany: Joel Munsell's Sons. 1889. p. 210.
- Wallye. "The story of the Assemblyman who got caught stealing an air conditioner", PolitickerNJ, May 7, 2009. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Arnold D'Ambrosa was the 40-year-old Rahway Democratic Municipal Chairman and Public Works Director when he was elected to the State Assembly in 1973.... In July 1974, six months after taking office, D'Ambrosa was arrested on charges that he sold an air conditioner owned by Rahway for $600, pocketing the money, and he took a $200 bribe from a contractor."
- Downer, Harry E. History of Davenport and Scott County Iowa: Illustrated, Volume 1, p. 856. S.J. Clarke, 1910. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Acting upon this advice he went to New Jersey and stopped at the pleasant village of Rahway, where he remained some time and then went to Carlisle, Pennsylvania."
- Sutherland, Emily. "Hall of Honor: Evie", Homecoming magazine, August 1, 2011. Accessed September 21, 2015. "BORN: 1957 in Rahway, New Jersey"
- Bodovitz, Sandra. "'FORGOTTEN' SCULPTOR HAS DAY IN GALLERY", The New York Times, June 15, 1986. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Born in the Union County community of Rahway in 1790, Frazee first demonstrated his novel style by carving tombstones, many of which still dot New Jersey cemeteries."
- Washington, Ethel M. Union County's Black Soldiers and Sailors of the Civil War, p. 17. The History Press, 2011. ISBN 1596294469. Accessed September 19, 2012. "Ana Maria Weems escaped slavery through the Underground Railroad with the assistance of Rahway-born Amos Noe Freeman."
- Milton Friedman - Biographical, Nobel Prize. Accessed August 4, 2013. "When I was a year old, my parents moved to Rahway, N.J., a small town about 20 miles from New York City."
- Slotnik, Daniel E. "Leighton Gage, Crime Novelist, Dies at 71", The New York Times, August 2, 2013. Accessed August 4, 2013. "Leighton Gage was born on May 13, 1942, in Rahway, N.J."
- Antonio Garay, Chicago Bears. Accessed May 17, 2007. "Earned Prep Star All-American and All-New Jersey Group III honors as a senior at Rahway H.S. in Rahway, N.J. after totaling 141 tackles and 10 sacks in his final season... Outstanding wrestler who was tabbed the 275-pound national champion by the National High School Coaches' Association"
- About Wayne, Congressman Wayne Gilchrest. Accessed May 17, 2007. "Born in Rahway, New Jersey, he was the fourth of Elizabeth and Arthur Gilchrest's six boys."
- Kagan, Jerome. An Argument for Mind, p. 4. Yale University Press, 2007. ISBN 9780300126037. Accessed May 30, 2014. "Rahway, New Jersey, a town twenty miles south of New York City, with a population of about twenty thousand in my childhood, had a relatively large working-class population and a small group of Jewish merchants, including my father."
- Copeland, Libby. "Prison Revolt: Brig. Gen. Janis Karpinski Says the Abu Ghraib Investigation Is About Scapegoating, but She's Having None of It", The Washington Post, May 10, 2004. Accessed April 15, 2011. "As a child growing up in Rahway, N.J., Janis Beam once tried to jump from her second-story window because it didn't seem that far down."
- Rahway, New Jersey Native, William H. Lash III Appointed as Assistant Secretary for Market Access and Compliance at the U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration Office of Public Affairs, August 30, 2001. Accessed May 22, 2013.
- Weber, Bruce. "Dory Previn, Songwriter, Is Dead at 86", The New York Times, February 14, 2012. May 20, 2012. "Dorothy Veronica Langan was born in New Jersey — sources differ on the town, Rahway or Woodbridge — on Oct. 22, 1925, and she grew up in Woodbridge."
- Goldberg, Marv. "The Concords", Marv Goldberg's Yesterday's Memories Rhythm & Blues Party. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Enter Pearl Reaves, a singer originally from Raleigh, North Carolina, who had moved to Rahway, New Jersey in the late 40s."
- Kochakian, Dan. "Pearl Reaves", Women, Whiskey and..., December 1985, Issue 15. pp. 25-27.
- Freddie Russo, New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame. Accessed May 22, 2013. "Freddie Russo was born in Brooklyn, New York on October 3, 1924. His family moved to Rahway, New Jersey and that city became the home base for one of the classiest boxer-punchers of that era."
- Jordan, Chris. "Rahway's Eric Roberson heads to L.A. for a possible Grammy", Courier News (New Jersey), January 30, 2010. Accessed December 28, 2010.
- Oral history interview with Carl Sagan, 1991 August 27., American Institute of Physics. Accessed May 22, 2013.
- Chris Smith, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed June 5, 2007.
- Prunty, Brendan. "Rahway's Dexter Strickland enjoying quick basketball baptism with North Carolina", The Star-Ledger, November 19, 2009. Accessed April 23, 2011.
- Staff. "Sagal adds edge to FX's new 'Sons'", Philadelphia Daily News, September 3, 2008. Accessed May 20, 2012. "Created by Kurt Sutter, a New Jersey native whose biography boasts that he was 'raised in the shadow of Rahway prison' and spent much of his childhood indoors, away from people, three feet from a TV screen."
- Cheney, Margaret. "Tesla: Man Out of Time". Accessed June 5, 2007. "The Tesla Electric Light Company was formed, with headquarters at Rahway, New Jersey, and a branch office in New York.
- Warner, Bob. "Former Police Commissioner Kevin M. Tucker dies at 71", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 20, 2012. Accessed July 6, 2012. "He was one of six children born to Irish immigrants William and Catherine Tucker. The family moved to Rahway, N.J., and Mr. Tucker attended St. Mary High School in Elizabeth."
- Staff. "Vaches Now a Brother Act", St. Paul Pioneer Press, April 1, 1993. Accessed December 28, 2010. "The best place to freelance Allan figured is the New York area So he moved back to his and Warren's nearby hometown Rahway NJ."
- Rodriguez, Alex W. "Jazz happenings for the week of Dec. 22", The Star-Ledger, December 22, 2010. Accessed December 28, 2010.
- Johnson, Robert. "Looking Back Is Not an Option", The New York Times, November 28, 2004. Accessed October 19, 2007. "He is also promoting his new book "Medicine, Science and Merck" (Cambridge University Press), written with Louis Galambos, describing his path from son of a luncheonette owner in Rahway, N.J., to leader of a pharmaceutical giant."
- Staff. "CAROLYN WELLS, NOVELIST, DEAD; Noted for Mystery Stories and Nonsense Verse, Also for Children's Works BEGAN WRITING IN RAHWAY Wrote 170 Books by 1937 and 70 Were Mysteries -- Widow of Publisher's Son", The New York Times, March 27, 1942. Accessed May 22, 2013.
- Rourke, Bryan. "At the Black Ships Festival: Saki, sushi, sumo and more", The Providence Journal, July 16, 2009. Accessed December 28, 2010. "Yarbrough, 44, of Rahway, N.J., is visiting Newport this weekend for the Black Ships Festival."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rahway, New Jersey.|
- Official municipal web site
- Rahway Public Schools
- Rahway Public Schools's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Rahway Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Rahway Center Partnership
- Union County Arts Center
- History of the Rahway Train Station