Kirby Super Star

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kirby Super Star
Kirby Super Star Coverart.png
Developer(s)HAL Laboratory
Publisher(s)Nintendo
Director(s)Masahiro Sakurai
Producer(s)Satoru Iwata
Shigeru Miyamoto
Designer(s)Tsuyoshi Wakayama
Programmer(s)Shigenobu Kasai
Composer(s)Jun Ishikawa
SeriesKirby
Platform(s)Super NES
Release
  • JP: March 21, 1996
  • NA: September 20, 1996
  • PAL: January 23, 1997
Genre(s)Action, platforming
Mode(s)Single-player, multiplayer

Kirby Super Star,[a] released as Kirby's Fun Pak in PAL regions, is a 1996 platforming video game developed by HAL Laboratory and published by Nintendo for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, part of the Kirby series of platforming video games by HAL Laboratory. The game was advertised as featuring eight games: seven short subsections with the same basic gameplay, and two minigames. The game was later released for the Wii and Wii U Virtual Consoles. An enhanced remake titled Kirby Super Star Ultra was released for the Nintendo DS in 2008.[1] Nintendo re-released Kirby Super Star in Japan, the United States and Europe in September 2017 as part of the company's Super NES Classic Edition.[2]

Gameplay[edit]

Cutter Kirby and Rocky, fighting Dyna Blade in the unlockable game The Arena.

In Kirby Super Star, players play as Kirby, who can float, inhale blocks and enemies and spit them out. By swallowing certain enemies after inhaling them, Kirby can copy their abilities and use them as his own, becoming able to perform a wide range of attacks. A unique feature of the game is the addition of helpers. When Kirby has an ability, he can transform it into a helper character which can be controlled by a second player or the computer. Certain abilities such as Crash or Mike cannot be turned into helpers. Kirby can choose to give the helper a different form, or revert them into a power up in an emergency. Certain helpers, such as Wheelie, allow Kirby to interact with them during two player play. If the helper takes too much damage, there is a short time for Kirby to grant it a new power before it disappears until Kirby creates a new one. However, if Kirby takes too much damage, he will lose a life.

Gameplay takes place across seven main modes and several sub-games.

  • Spring Breeze: a simplified remake of the original Kirby's Dream Land, albeit with the gameplay enhancements of Super Star. Kirby must make his way to a castle to challenge King Dedede, who has stolen food from the citizens of Dream Land. Unlike the original, Float Islands and Castle Lololo have merged and Kabula does not appear. Also, upon reaching Castle Dedede, Kirby does not have to face all the previous bosses he fought.
  • Dyna Blade: an original mode in which Kirby must stop Dyna Blade, a giant bird, from disturbing Dream Land's crops. The mode consists of four levels that the player must clear before facing off against Dyna Blade. There are also two secret areas and a mini-boss that moves across the world map.
  • Gourmet Race: a race type mode in which Kirby must race against King Dedede whilst eating as much food as possible. Taking place across three levels of varying length, the winner is whoever earns the most points by the end of all three levels, with bonus points awarded for being the first to finish each race. Players can choose to race either King Dedede or his "ghost", which is the player's best attempt at the race, or simply race alone for the fastest time. The DS version features multiplayer functionality.
  • The Great Cave Offensive: a Metroidvania[3][4][5] adventure type mode which sees Kirby exploring a cave searching for treasure. Hidden throughout the game's four areas are sixty treasure chests, with a maximum score of 9999990 achievable by collecting all 60 treasures. Some of the treasures are references to other Nintendo games, such as the Triforce of The Legend of Zelda, the Screw Attack from Metroid, the helmet of Captain Falcon from F-Zero and a Mr. Saturn from EarthBound. Other treasures reference valuable items that appear in role-playing games such as Orichalcum.
  • Revenge of Meta Knight sees Kirby attempt to destroy Meta Knight's battleship, the Halberd, before Meta Knight can conquer Dream Land. Each area has a time limit, which will cost Kirby a life if it hits zero. It is particularly plot-based, featuring comments from the various crew members of the Halberd. The ship takes damage after every round beaten. At the bottom of the screen, there is a meter showing how the Halberd is doing. Bosses appear such as Twin Woods, two Whispy Woods, and Heavy Lobster, a robotic lobster-like machine. This culminates in fighting Meta Knight twice, in a duel, and in a chase to escape the falling Halberd.
  • Milky Way Wishes: the largest game in the collection. Because the Sun and Moon around planet Popstar are fighting, a creature named Marx tells Kirby he must travel across nine different planets and restore the giant wish-granting comet-clock NOVA. Unlike the other modes, Kirby cannot copy the abilities of enemies he inhales; instead, he collects "Copy Essence Deluxes". Once in Kirby's possession, they allow the player to select a Copy Ability from a list and are permanently kept throughout the entire game. The mode also features scrolling shooting sections near the end. In the end, Marx wishes to NOVA to control Popstar. Kirby stops this by destroying NOVA's heart, then battling Marx and defeating him. Beating Milky Way Wishes grants The Arena subgame.
  • The Arena: an endurance mode that challenges the player to fight every boss in the game. The total boss battles include 26 bosses in 19 rounds. In between rounds is a room with five Maximum Tomatoes, which can only be used once each, and two randomly selected pedestals which will grant the player certain powers (the player can choose any power at the beginning of the game). Beating The Arena grants the Sound Test function, which allows the player to replay any of the sounds from the game.

Sub games[edit]

Both of these modes are playable either against the computer or with two players.

  • Samurai Kirby is a timing based mini-game, similar to Kirby's Adventure's Quick Draw, in which the player must quickly attack his opponent when the signal is given without being too early or late.
  • Megaton Punch is another timing based game in which the players must time a series of button presses to punch a crack in the planet, the goal being to try to make a bigger crack than their opponent.

Development[edit]

Development on Kirby Super Star lasted longer than usual for the era, and as a result it released late in the Super Nintendo Entertainment System's (pictured) life cycle.

Kirby Super Star was developed in Japan by HAL Laboratory[6] and directed by Kirby creator Masahiro Sakurai. It was the third Kirby game he directed, following Kirby's Dream Land and Kirby's Adventure.[7] Although a Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) title, the Kirby Super Star prototype was developed for the original Nintendo Entertainment System. According to Sakurai, although the prototype was for internal use only, it was almost complete and some of Kirby's animations were nearly identical in the final game. The prototype was used to test out ideas before implementing them in the final product; Sakurai said having the game operating on an internal build made it easier to develop ideas.[8] HAL president Satoru Iwata had little involvement with the game, and left development under Sakurai's supervision.[7]

For Kirby Super Star, Sakurai "had three pillars in mind. One was two-player cooperative gameplay and another was including actions similar to those in fighting games. The third was an omnibus format."[7] The addition of cooperative gameplay was something Shigeru Miyamoto requested. While Sakurai knew a SNES Kirby game would mean bigger, more detailed characters and graphics, he wanted to hear from Miyamoto before thinking about the foundation and other important aspects. Sakurai and Iwata traveled to Kyoto; there, Miyamoto told them he wanted cooperative gameplay, something uncommon in side-scrolling platform games. Miyamoto had dreamed of creating a cooperative game in his Super Mario franchise for many years, but was unable to until New Super Mario Bros. Wii in 2009 because of how fast the series' gameplay is. Kirby, on the other hand, is slower-paced, so Miyamoto figured it would be possible. Sakurai thought about it and came up with the idea to have a main player and an assisting one; this led to the conception of Helpers, which he thought opened the door for inexperienced players.[7]

As for including fighting game-like moves, Sakurai made enemies stronger. He did this because "[t]he main player would simply hurl blades and lay waste to opponents while the Helper just watched."[7] Additionally, he expanded copy abilities' possibilities so players could perform multiple actions by pressing the same button, similar to fighting games.[7] The game was also the first in the series in which Kirby's appearance changed depending on his copy ability. The omnibus format was chosen because Sakurai noted most SNES and some NES games were of considerable length, and prices were high. Kirby Super Star served as "the antithesis to that trend," with Sakurai hoping to create sections with different stories and gameplay that appealed to both experienced and inexperienced players.[7][9] Spring Breeze, a remake of Kirby's Dream Land, was designed for beginners and is thus Super Star's first mode. The title is a quote from the Dream Land manual that "describe[s] Kirby as a youth who came with the spring breeze," and was chosen to signify its simplicity.[7] Originally, Sakurai was going to remove copy abilities to remain faithful to the original game while teaching beginners how to play, but ultimately did not.[7]

Development lasted three years, longer than usual for the era. This was partially due to the influence Rare's Donkey Kong Country (1994), a game that incorporated CG graphics. Sakurai was certain using CG would be beneficial, so the team redid the artwork about halfway through development. HAL's development schedule also lengthened development. Sakurai planned to include an additional game mode, Kagero Mansion, which was discarded due to time constraints. Kagero Mansion was a horror game with an emphasis on action and puzzle elements; it saw Kirby stuck in a mansion and unable to inhale.[7] HAL also planned to add a move that allowed Kirby to create an explosion from guarding, but cut the idea.[9]

Kirby Super Star was one of the last SNES games, released just three months before the launch of the system's successor, the Nintendo 64.[7] Publisher Nintendo released the game in Japan on March 21, 1996,[10] in North America on September 20, 1996,[11] and in Europe on January 23, 1997.[12] In Japan, the title is Kirby of the Stars: Super Deluxe,[7] while in Europe, it is Kirby's Fun Pak.[12] Its working title was Kirby of the Stars: Active, which "suggest[ed] that the game was more proactive and had more active gameplay."[7] Mother series creator Shigesato Itoi came up with the final title, which Sakurai said "convey[s] how rich it is in content".[7] The Japanese packaging was designed to resemble a Paulownia box, an idea that originated from Itoi. This was because expensive sake and silverware is often sold in Paulownia boxes, and the team thought the game was special.[7][9]

Rereleases[edit]

Kirby Super Star was rereleased on the Wii and Wii U via Nintendo's Virtual Console, a digital distribution service. The Wii version was released in Japan in October 2009 and in the West in May 2010, and the Wii U version was released worldwide in May 2013.[6] The game was also included in Kirby's Dream Collection (2012), a 20th anniversary compilation of Kirby titles for the Wii.[13]

Kirby Super Star Ultra[edit]

Kirby Super Star Ultra, known in Japan as Kirby of the Stars: Ultra Super Deluxe,[b] is a remake of Kirby Super Star for the Nintendo DS, developed to commemorate the series' 15th anniversary.[14] Kirby Super Star Ultra retains all game modes found in the original,[15] but adds four new ones:[14] Revenge of the King, a more difficult version of Spring Breeze; Meta Knightmare Ultra, which allows the player to traverse levels as Meta Knight; Helper to Hero, in which the player controls Helpers and fights bosses; and True Arena, an updated version of The Arena.[16] It also includes three new minigames, integration of the DS touchscreen, wireless multiplayer for up to four players via DS Download Play, enhanced graphics and audio, and full-motion video cutscenes.[14][16]

HAL's Shinya Kumazaki directed Super Star Ultra. It was originally called Super Deluxe Plus, but was retitled after producer Masayoshi Tanimura requested that the team provide fan service that exceeded customer expectations. The team's goal was to retain all modes from the SNES original; despite the game's considerable size, Kumazaki believed he could not remove anything due to fans' hopes. Adjustments were made for new players, while HAL managed to retain multiplayer through the DS's wireless functionality.[15] Some developers thought the game changed so much it could be considered a new product.[14][15] The packaging was designed with a coat of glitter to retain the sense of luxury the Paulownia box design gave to the original, as project coordinator Mari Shirakawa felt Paulownia would not appeal to children.[15] Kirby Super Star Ultra was released in North America on September 22, 2008, in Japan on November 6, 2008, and in Europe on September 18, 2009.[17]

Reception[edit]

Reception
Review scores
PublicationScore
DSSNESWii
1UP.comA−[18]N/AN/A
Destructoid8.5/10[19]N/AN/A
EGMN/A8.625/10[20]N/A
Eurogamer6/10[21]N/AN/A
Famitsu32/40[22]N/AN/A
Game Informer7/10[23]7.25/10[24]N/A
Game RevolutionB−[25]N/AN/A
GameZone7.7/10[26]N/AN/A
IGN(AU) 8.3/10[27]
(US) 7.9/10[28]
N/A8.5/10[29]
Nintendo LifeN/AN/A9/10[30]
Nintendo Power9/10[31]N/AN/A
411Mania9/10[32]N/AN/A
Aggregate scores
GameRankings80%[33]86%[34]N/A
Metacritic76/100[35]N/AN/A

Kirby Super Star was both a critical and commercial success, selling over one million copies in Japan.[36] It received "favorable" reviews according to the review aggregation website GameRankings,[34] and is widely regarded as one of the best games of the franchise.[37] The four reviewers of Electronic Gaming Monthly applauded the large amount of content, simultaneous two-player mode, graphics, and Kirby's power-absorbing ability.[20] Captain Cameron of GamePro gave it a perfect 5 out of 5 in sound, control, and FunFactor, and a 4.5 out of 5 in graphics. He commented that "The perfect execution of the varied controls leads to simple-but-charming fun."[38] Reviewing the Virtual Console release, Nintendo Life praised the "impressive" musical score and "colorful" visuals.[30]

Kirby Super Star Ultra received "generally favorable reviews" according to the review aggregation website Metacritic.[35] In Japan, Famitsu gave it a score of 32 out of 40.[22] 1UP praised the game for its multiplayer and described it as "excellent", but noted that it was not very difficult and the level design was not as intricate as in the Mario series.[18] IGN's Craig Harris said that, while fun, the game is "a bit on the easy side".[28]

Electronic Gaming Monthly named Kirby Super Star a runner-up for Side-Scrolling Game of the Year (behind Guardian Heroes).[39]

On December 11, 2008, Super Star Ultra became a Famitsu Gold title.[40] As of January 11, 2009, Kirby Super Star Ultra has sold 1,021,000 copies in Japan.[41] It was also the ninth best-selling game of Japan in 2008.[42] As of December 2008, it was the fifth best-selling Nintendo DS game in the U.S.[43]

Legacy[edit]

Many of the music tracks in Kirby Super Star have been remixed in various games, such as the Super Smash Bros. series; the Nintendo 64 game, for instance, had a new version of the Gourmet Race theme as Kirby's theme song.

Kirby Super Star was made available on the Wii Virtual Console in Japan on October 13, 2009, in North America on May 17, 2010 and in the PAL region on May 28, 2010. The Wii U Virtual Console version was released in Japan on May 1, 2013 and in North America and Europe on May 23, 2013. When released in Europe for the Wii U Virtual Console, the North American version was included instead of the European version. It was also one of the games included in Kirby's Dream Collection, which was released for the Wii in celebration of the series' 20th anniversary.

Meta Knight's battleship, the Halberd, would reappear in Kirby: Squeak Squad, Super Smash Bros. Brawl, Kirby's Epic Yarn, Super Smash Bros. for Wii U, and Kirby: Planet Robobot.

A stage based on The Great Cave Offensive appears in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. In reference to the scope of the mode of the same name, the arena is amongst the largest stages in the game's catalog, and thus supports up to eight players. It features a unique mechanic dubbed the "Danger Zones", stage hazards that instantly KO any fighter whose percentages exceed 100%.

The game is also included in the Super NES Classic Edition.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Released in Japan as Hoshi no Kirby Super Deluxe (星のカービィスーパーデラックス, Hoshi no Kābī Sūpā Derakkusu, Kirby of the Stars Super Deluxe)
  2. ^ Hoshi no Kirby Ultra Super Deluxe (星のカービィ ウルトラスーパーデラックス, Hoshi no Kābī Urutora Sūpā Derakkusu, lit. "Kirby of the Stars Ultra Super Deluxe")

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nintendo's Wario, Kirby Bring the Fun; Sleuths Get a New Mystery Case Files Game". Business Wire. June 25, 2008. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
  2. ^ "Super NES Classic Edition". Nintendo of America, Inc. September 29, 2017.
  3. ^ Meli, Jowi (April 26, 2014). "Month of Kirby: A Series With Rewarding Game Design". Nintendo Life. Retrieved September 12, 2016. Many of the following games have also provided useless such an incentive, hitting a peak with fan-favourite Kirby Super Star's The Great Cave Offensive. This Metroidvania-style treasure hunt is one of the most popular Kirby adventures to date...
  4. ^ Wanderer (September 21, 2008). "Review: Kirby Super Star Ultra". Hardcore Gamer. Retrieved September 12, 2016. 'The Great Cave Offensive' is as close as you’ll get to a 'Metroidvania' Kirby...
  5. ^ Parish, Jeremy (June 12, 2012). "Metroidvania". GameSpite. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Kirby Super Star (SNES / Super Nintendo) News, Reviews, Videos & Screenshots". Nintendo Life. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Sao, Akinori (October 10, 2017). "Kirby Super Star Developer Interview - SNES Classic Edition". Nintendo.
  8. ^ Yasuda, Toshiaki (April 4, 2017). "「星のカービィ25周年記念オーケストラコンサート」東京公演が開催". Impress Watch (in Japanese).
  9. ^ a b c Nintendo 2012, p. 20–21.
  10. ^ "星のカービィ スーパーデラックス" (in Japanese). Nintendo Co., Ltd. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  11. ^ Brown, Andrew; Hernandez, Pedro; Miller, Zachary (June 2, 2012). "Mainline Kirby Games: The Early Years". Nintendo World Report.
  12. ^ a b "Kirby's Fun Pak I Super Nintendo I Games". Nintendo of Europe. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  13. ^ Dillard, Corbie (September 22, 2012). "Kirby's Dream Collection: Special Edition Review (Wii)". Nintendo Life. Archived from the original on July 17, 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d Nintendo 2012, p. 35.
  15. ^ a b c d NOM staff (November 2008). "N.O.M 2008年11月号 No.124:星のカービィ ウルトラスーパーデラックス 開発スタッフインタビュー". Nintendo Online Magazine (in Japanese). Nintendo (124): 1–5.
  16. ^ a b Davis, Ashley (October 3, 2008). "Destructoid review: Kirby Super Star Ultra". Destructoid.
  17. ^ "Kirby Super Star Ultra (DS) Game Profile". Nintendo Life. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  18. ^ a b Pfister, Andrew (September 23, 2008). "Kirby Super Star Ultra Review". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on January 23, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  19. ^ Davis, Ashley (October 3, 2008). "Destructoid review: Kirby Super Star Ultra". Destructoid. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  20. ^ a b "Review Crew: Kirby's Super Star". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 86. Ziff Davis. September 1996. p. 30.
  21. ^ MacDonald, Keza (September 28, 2009). "Kirby Super Star Ultra". Eurogamer. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  22. ^ a b "Kirby". Famitsu Scores Archive. Archived from the original on December 26, 2008. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  23. ^ Helgeson, Matt (December 2008). "Kirby: Super Star Ultra: Respectable Platforming with the Pink Puff". Game Informer (188). Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  24. ^ McNamara, Andy; Reiner, Andrew; Anderson, Paul (October 1996). "Kirby Superstar [sic]". Game Informer (42). Archived from the original on November 20, 1997. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  25. ^ Gunn, Sara (October 7, 2008). "Kirby Super Star Ultra Review". Game Revolution. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  26. ^ Bedigian, Louis (October 5, 2008). "Kirby Super Star Ultra - NDS - Review". GameZone. Archived from the original on January 2, 2009. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  27. ^ Barraza, Clara (November 24, 2008). "Kirby Super Star Ultra AU Review". IGN. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  28. ^ a b Harris, Craig (September 22, 2008). "Kirby Super Star Ultra Review". IGN. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  29. ^ Thomas, Lucas M. (May 25, 2010). "Kirby Super Star Review (Wii)". IGN. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  30. ^ a b Dillard, Corbie (May 20, 2010). "Review: Kirby Super Star (SNES)". Nintendo Life. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
  31. ^ "Kirby Super Star Ultra". Nintendo Power. 234: 100. November 2008.
  32. ^ Robbins, Drew (October 2, 2008). "Kirby Super Star Ultra (DS) Review". 411Mania. Archived from the original on October 13, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  33. ^ "Kirby Super Star Ultra for DS". GameRankings. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  34. ^ a b "Kirby Super Star Ultra for Super Nintendo Entertainment System". GameRankings. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  35. ^ a b "Kirby Super Star Ultra for DS Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  36. ^ "Japan Platinum Game Chart". The Magic Box. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
  37. ^ dalmatianlover (2007). "Kirby's Most Memorable Games". Retro Junk. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  38. ^ "ProReview: Kirby Superstar [sic]". GamePro. No. 98. IDG. November 1996. p. 130.
  39. ^ "The Best of '96". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 92. Ziff Davis. March 1997. p. 88.
  40. ^ "ハル研究所ウェブサイト:HAL LABORATORY, INC.|DIARY|". Hallab. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  41. ^ "Sony Opens 2009 With a Bang: Dissidia and Monster Hunter Take Top Two Spots". Chart Get. January 7, 2009. Archived from the original on August 3, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2009.
  42. ^ Parfitt, Ben (January 9, 2009). "JAPANESE 2008 MARKET REPORT". MCV. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  43. ^ Kohler, Chris (January 16, 2009). "Top 10 Games of December 2008, By Platform". Wired. Retrieved October 12, 2016.

External links[edit]