Kitulo National Park

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Kitulo National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Kitulo National Park Entry.JPG
Map showing the location of Kitulo National Park
Map showing the location of Kitulo National Park
Location in Tanzania
Location Tanzania
Nearest city Mbeya
Coordinates 9°05′S 33°55′E / 9.083°S 33.917°E / -9.083; 33.917Coordinates: 9°05′S 33°55′E / 9.083°S 33.917°E / -9.083; 33.917
Area 413 km2
Established 2005
Visitors 409 (in 2012[1])
Governing body Tanzania National Parks Authority

Kitulo National Park is a protected area of montane grassland on the Kitulo Plateau in the southern highlands of Tanzania. The park is at an elevation of 2,600 metres (8,500 ft) between the peaks of the Kipengere and Poroto mountains and covers an area of 412.9 square kilometres (159.4 sq mi),[2] lying in Mbeya Region and Njombe Region. The park is administered by Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA) and is the first national park in tropical Africa to be established primarily to protect its flora.[3]

Locals refer to the Kitulo Plateau as "Bustani ya Mungu" ("The Garden of God"), while botanists have referred to it as the "Serengeti of Flowers".[2]

Protection of the Kitulo Plateau's unique flora was first proposed by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), in response to the growing international trade in orchid tubers and increased hunting and logging activities in the surrounding forests.[4] In 2002, President Benjamin Mkapa announced the establishment of the park. The park was formally gazetted in 2005,[5] becoming Tanzania's fourteenth national park. TANAPA has stated that the park could be expanded in the future to include the neighbouring Mount Rungwe forest.[6]

Moraea callista, a species of iris found in Kitulo National Park

In 2005, field scientists from the WCS discovered a new species of primate on and around Mount Rungwe and in the Livingstone Forest area of the park.[7] Initially known as the Highland Mangabey, later changed to its Tanzanian name of Kipunji, it is one of the 25 most endangered primates in the world.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tanzania National parks Corporate Information". Tanzania Parks. TANAPA. Archived from the original on 20 December 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Kitulo National Park, Official Website, Tanzania National Parks, accessed 20 November 2014 Archived 20 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Tanzania's New National Park Protects Edible Orchids". Environment News Service. 21 March 2002. 
  4. ^ "Tasty orchids are selling like hotcakes in Tanzania". Mail and Guardian Online. 6 March 2003. 
  5. ^ "Strengthening the Protected Area Network in Southern Tanzania: Improving the Effectiveness of National Parks in Addressing Threats to Biodiversity" (PDF). Global Environment Facility. 24 December 2010. p. 21. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2013. 
  6. ^ Corporate Information, Official Website, Tanzania National Parks, accessed 20 November 2014 Archived 20 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "New Primate Discovered In Mountain Forests Of Tanzania". sciencedaily.com. 29 May 2005. 
  8. ^ "25 Most Endangered Primates: The Kipunji". Primate Specialist Group. Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 

External links[edit]