|Benjamin William Mkapa|
Mkapa in 2010
|3rd President of Tanzania|
23 November 1995 – 21 December 2005
Omar Ali Juma (1995–2001)|
Dr Ali Mohamad Shein (2001–05)
|Prime Minister||Frederick Sumaye|
|Preceded by||Ali Hassan Mwinyi|
|Succeeded by||Dr. Jakaya Kikwete|
|Minister for Science, Technology and Higher Education|
|President||Ali Hassan Mwinyi|
|Minister for Information and Broadcasting|
|President||Ali Hassan Mwinyi|
12 November 1938|
Ndanda, Masasi, Tanganyika
Makerere University (B.A.) |
Columbia University (M.A.)
Benjamin William Mkapa (born November 12, 1938) is a Tanzanian former politician who was the third President of Tanzania, in office from 1995 to 2005. He was also Chairman of the Revolutionary State Political Party (Chama Cha Mapinduzi, CCM).
Mkapa was born in 1938 in Ndanda, near Masasi in southern Tanganyika. He graduated from Makerere University in Uganda in 1962 with a degree in English. He also attended The Columbia University in 1963 and was awarded a master's degree in international affairs. Previous posts include being an administrative officer in Dodoma and the Minister for Science, Technology and Higher Education. He also had the chance to led the Tanzanian mission to Canada in the year 1982 and to the United States Of America from 1983 to 1984. He was the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1977 to 1980 and again from 1984 to 1990.
In 1995, Mkapa was elected as President based on a popular anti-corruption campaign and the strong support of former president Julius Nyerere. Mkapa's anti-corruption efforts included creation of an open forum called the Presidential Commission on Corruption (Warioba Commission) and increased support for the Prevention of Corruption Bureau.
Mkapa's second five-year term of office as President ended in December 2005. During this term in office, Mkapa privatized state-owned corporations and instituted free market policies. His supporters argued that attracting foreign investment would promote economic growth. His policies won the support of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund and resulted in the cancellation of some of Tanzania's foreign debts.
He has been criticized for some ineffectiveness of his anti-corruption efforts as well as for his lavish spending. He spent £15 million on a private presidential jet, as well as almost £30 million on military aviation equipment which experts deemed beyond the limited needs of the country's armed forces. It was over the latter purchase that British International Development Secretary Clare Short expressed public outrage, resulting in her becoming known as 'Mama Radar' in the Tanzanian press.
Having left office due to a two-term limit, Mkapa is now dogged by many accusations of corruption, among them improperly appropriating to himself and his former finance Minister Daniel Yona the lucrative "Kiwira Coal Mine" in the southern highlands of Tanzania without following lawful procedures. By privatizing the Kiwira Coal Mine to himself, he is accused of a breach of the Tanzanian constitution, which does not allow a president to do business at the state house.
Honours and awards
|Order of the Golden Heart of Kenya (Chief)||Kenya||2005|||
|Order of Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere||Tanzania||2011|
|Sōka University||Japan||Honoris Causa||1998|
|Morehouse College||United States||Honoris Causa||1999|
|The Open University of Tanzania||Tanzania||Honoris Causa||2003|
|National University of Lesotho||Lesotho||Doctor of Law||2005|
|Kenyatta University||Kenya||Doctor of Education||2005|
|University of Dar es Salaam||Tanzania||Honoris Causa||2006|
|Newcastle University||United Kingdom||Doctor of Civil Law||2007|
|University of Cape Coast||Ghana||Doctor of Letters||2008|
|Makerere University||Uganda||Doctor of Law||2009|
- Benjamini Mkapa hall in Mbeya city located in Sokomatola street.
- Benjamini Mkapa road in Zanzibar, connecting Mtoni kidatu area to Abeid Aman Karume Airport via Daraja Bovu
- Mkapa Bridge, the longest bridge in the country (970 metres)
- Benjamin William Mkapa Pension Tower, one of the tallest buildings in the country
- Benjamin William Mkapa Special Economic Zone
- Mererani B W Mkapa Secondary School in Manyara Region
- Benjamin William Mkapa High School in Dar es Salaam
- East, Roger; Richard Thomas (2003). Profiles of People in Power: The World's Government Leaders. Routledge. p. 513. ISBN 1-85743-126-X.
- "Benjamin Mkapa". Encarta. Microsoft. 2001. Retrieved 19 October 2009.
-  Archived July 1, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- http://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/press-and-media-centre/news/WCMS_007824/lang--en/index.htm ILO Tackles Social Consequences of Globalization
- "Benjamin Mkapa". Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- Heilman, Bruce; Laurean Ndumbaro (2002). "Corruption, Politics, and Societal Values in Tanzania: An Evaluation of the Mkapa Administration's Anti-Corruption Efforts" (PDF). Afr. J. Polit. Sd. 7 (1). Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- "His Excellency Benjamin William Mkapa" Archived September 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., Board of Trustees, AKU University, retrieved 19-10-2009
- Gideon Burrows, "We sell arms to Saddam's friends", New Statesman, 8 September 2003
- "Mkapa lauds Kenya's democratic posture". panapress.com. 12 October 2005. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "JGI awards global leaders at 30th anniversary bicoastal events". Jane Goodall Institute. 10 October 2007. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "83RD Annual District Conference & Assembly" (PDF). Page 10, Rotary International District 9200. 17 May 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 June 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "HONORARY DEGREE Recipients". National University of Lesotho. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- "Prominent Alumni". Kenyatta University. Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Citation: Benjamin William Mkapa DCL" (PDF). Newcastle University. 2007. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "UCC honours former Tanzanian leader". modernghana.com. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- "H.E. Benjamin Mkapa receives Makerere Honorary PhD". Makerere University. 27 November 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2013.