Hannover CL.V

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CL.V, F.6, FF.7 Hauk
Hannover CL.V front quarter.jpg
Role Attack aircraft
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Hannover, Kjeller
First flight 1918
Primary users Luftstreitkräfte
Norwegian Army Air Service
Number built ca 120
Hannover CL.V with biplane tail
Hannover CL.V

The Hannover CL.V was a biplane ground-attack aircraft built in Germany during World War I, which saw some service and additional production in Norway following the war.


Development[edit]

Derived from the Hannover CL.II, the CL.V shared the same conventional biplane configuration and incorporated the overhanging, aerodynamically-balanced ailerons developed for the Hannover CL.III. The characteristic biplane tail used on earlier Hannover CL-class machines was dispensed with, and a conventional empennage was fitted to the prototype, although German production machines reverted to the earlier tail.

The CL.V was first tested in July 1918, which led to an initial order from Idflieg for 20 aircraft powered by the Mercedes D.III engine for evaluation. Further orders followed for CL.Vs powered by the BMW.IIIa engine, which gave superior performance and were intended as dedicated two-seat fighters. Only 46 were built before the end of the war, and none of them had been put into service by that time. Hannover built another 62 examples after the Armistice.[1]

In its civil configuration, designated F.6, the aircraft dispensed with the rear cockpit, and used the monoplane tail unit that had been fitted to the CL.V prototype. One stripped-down example was used to set a world altitude record of 8,340 m (27,335 ft) on 22 October 1919.[2]

In 1923, another 14 CL.Vs were produced for the Norwegian Army Air Service by Kjeller Flyvemaskinsfabrik with the original monoplane tail. These were known by the Norwegians as the Kjeller FF.7 Hauk ("Hawk") and remained in service until 1929.

Operators[edit]

 Germany

 Norway

Specifications (CL.V)[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: two, pilot and gunner
  • Length: 7.00 m (23 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.56 m (34 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 2.84 m (9 ft 3 in)
  • Wing area: 28.5 m2 (307 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 720 kg (1,587 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × BMW IIIa, 138 kW (185 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 185 km/h (115 mph)
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Service ceiling: 9,000 m (29,530 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 5.0 m/s (990 ft/min)

Armament

  • 2 × fixed, forward-firing 7.92 mm MG08 machine guns
  • 1 × trainable, rearward-firing 7.92 mm Parabellum MG14 machine gun

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Grosz August 1971,pp.290—292.
  2. ^ Grosz August 1971, p.293.
Bibliography
  • Grosz, Peter M. "Hannover Aircraft 1915-1919:Part 2". Air Pictorial (August 1971): 290–293. 
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 469. ISBN 0-7106-0710-5. 
  • World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 986 Sheet 09. ISBN 1-156-94382-5.