NASA picture of Knox Atoll
|Area||0.98 km2 (0.38 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
Knox Atoll (Marshallese: Ņadikdik, [ɳˠɑɑ̯r̪ʲi͡ɯɡ(ɯ͡i)r̪ʲi͡ɯk]) is an uninhabited coral atoll of 18 islands in the Pacific Ocean, and is the southernmost atoll of the Ratak Chain of the Marshall Islands. The total land area is only 0.98 square kilometres (0.38 sq mi), but it encloses a largely sand-filled lagoon with an area of 3.42 square kilometres (1.32 sq mi). The atoll measures 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) in length and is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) wide. The largest islets, located on the western and northern sides, include Aelingeo, Nadikdik and Nariktal. The atoll is separated by the Klee Passage from the southern point of Mili Atoll to which it was once connected.
Knox Atoll was claimed by the Empire of Germany along with the rest of the Marshall Islands in 1884. After World War I, the island came under the South Pacific Mandate of the Empire of Japan. Following the end of World War II, it came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands until the independence of the Marshall Islands in 1986.
On 30 June 1905 the atoll of Nadikdik was completely washed over by a huge typhoon that stripped the atoll down to the bare coral. All of the some 60 inhabitants perished, save two boys who survived a 24-hour drift voyage clinging on a breadfruit tree. In the century since then, the islands have largely regenerated.
- Marshall Islands site
- Oceandots entry for Knox Atoll at the Wayback Machine (archived December 23, 2010)
- 1905 Typhoon
- Nadikdik geomorphic adjustment & regeneration
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