Kok Tobe

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Kok-Tobe Mountain
Kazakh: Көк Төбе,
Kók Tóbe

Russian: Кок Тобе
Highest point
Elevation1,100 m (3,600 ft)
Coordinates43°13′59″N 76°58′34″E / 43.23306°N 76.97611°E / 43.23306; 76.97611Coordinates: 43°13′59″N 76°58′34″E / 43.23306°N 76.97611°E / 43.23306; 76.97611
Geography
LocationAlmaty, Kazakhstan

Kok Tobe (Kazakh: Kók Tóbe - "Blue Hill"; Russian: Кок Тюбе, Kok Tyube) is a mountain in Almaty, Kazakhstan's largest city. There is a popular recreation area on top of the mountain. The mountain's height is 1100 meters above sea level. Kok Tobe is one of the main landmarks in the city, and it is popular among visitors and tourists to Almaty.

Recreational area[edit]

Kok Tobe Park
TypeUrban park, forest park
LocationAlmaty, Kazakhstan
Created2006

The Kok Tobe recreational area has a variety of amusement park type attractions and restaurants. It is connected to downtown Almaty by a cable car line. The City Terminal is located near Hotel Kazakhstan. Also, there is a 372 meters tall TV Tower at the foot of the mountain. The tower can be seen from most parts of the city.

History[edit]

Up until the 1960's, the Kok Tobe mountain was originally called Verigin. Before the Soviet Union, the hill was a favorite spot for the inhabitants of the city. During the Summer, the civilians organized May Day celebrations. At winter, it was a popular spot for skiing and sledding. Verny merchants called the mountain "Blue Hill", a name believed to originate back to medieval times.

During the 1960s, the Ministry of Communications of the Republic issued the initiative of constructing a television broadcasting tower that would reach the whole of Kazakhstan. In 1975, the design of a new Almaty TV tower began. The project involved building a broadcasting tower that would provide coverage throughout Kazakhstan as well as become a notable monument that would be visible throughout the whole of the city.

Engineers chose the Verigina mountain (Kok Tobe) as its location on account of high altitude (1080 meters above the city). The high altitude helped the tower provide better coverage throughout the area. When designing the tower, an agreement was concluded together with the Moscow Institute of Central Research Institute of Cryogenics. The architects chosen for the project were N.G. Terziev, A.N. Savchenko and N.K. Akimov. The construction budget was 600 million rubles. The funds were allocated by the State Planning Committee of the USSR.

One of the biggest problems in the construction of the television tower was the loose soil in the area. As a result, it was decided to reduce the mass of the tower, building it from metal beams and aluminum sheathing. The height of the concrete base of the tower is 60 meters. The base weighs 45 thousand tons (with an overall design weight of 50 thousand tons). From the inside, the tower is a lattice structure made of metal beams lined with aluminum plates. In the trunk was installed two lifts.

The construction of the television tower began in 1978. The initial steps involved ramming and leveling the soil where the tower was placed. This was followed by digging a 19-meter foundation trench. Asphalt was poured under the base for waterproofing. By the end of construction, the height of the tower was 372 meters long. The height of the mast for the antennas is 114 meters. A signal of 6 TV and 4 radio channels was transmitted from the TV tower. The television tower "Kok-Tobe" broadcast to 199 settlements.

In 2001, the television tower was reconstructed. After reconstruction, the television tower began broadcasting 14 television and 14 radio channels. In the spring of 2004, after heavy rains, mountain surfaces cracked and soil structures began to crumble, which became a threat of a landslide in the residential areas nearby. Former Almaty mayor Zamanbek Nurkadilov decided to close the area.

In summer 2004, work began on the reconstructing and strengthening the slope of Kok-Tobe. At the top of moutain, illegally erected buildings (mostly cafes) were removed. Construction workers drilled and concreted 395 wells up to 24 meters. Their main task was to keep the soil from slipping. Cable car and viewing platforms were restored.[1][2]

In 2006, the mountain opened a recreational entertainment center, which was the start of Kok-Tobe Park. A Beatles monument was constructed in 2007. In September 2014, the mountain was closed for the construction of a new cable car, as well as the reconstruction of the northern side of the mountain and the park. In March 2016, the park completed its construction of the cable car and the park. Transport in the area currently comprises 17 cable cars. A new Ferris wheel was also built in the park.[3] [4][1]

Kok Tobe TV tower[edit]

Almaty Tower (aka Kok Tobe Tower), the city's television tower, is located on the south-eastern slope of the hill.[5] It was built during 1975 and 1983, and if measured from sea level, this tower is one of the highest in the world – 372 meters tall. It has a couple observation platforms, but they are not open to the public. It is unique, because unlike other TV towers, it was built entirely of steel, and has a tubular structure. Locals considered constructing the TV tower somewhere else, but it ended up being built in Kok Tobe area.[6]

Beatles monument[edit]

A bronze statue of The Beatles by sculptor Eduard Kazaryan was placed on Kok Tobe mountain on May 15, 2007.[7] The monument was inaugurated as part of the launch of the National Award "Music feature - 2007". This is the first monument of the legendary Fab Four in full. John Lennon is seen sitting on a bench with his guitar, while behind him stand Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr.[8]

Entertainment[edit]

Kok Tobe park has various entertainments such as a fountain of "desire" in the shape of an apple, a children's playground, a climbing wall, the Fast Coaster ride, an art gallery, and tea house. The park also includes restaurant "Yurt", which was modeled after traditional nomadic houses called Yurta. The restaurant is embellished with traditional Kazakh carpentry and tapestry. In addition to these attractions, on the Kok Tobe there are viewing platforms, a petting zoo, a concert hall, a lovers alley, ponds, and shops selling national souvenirs.

Fast Coaster[edit]

Fast Coaster is a roller coaster located on the hillside. It is the only roller coaster in Kazakhstan that is located on a side of a mountain. Going down with a speed of 45 km / h, users can enjoy the view of the picturesque landscape of the city. Sliding down at night, one will see stunning views of the city.[9]

Alley of Lovers[edit]

Alley lovers on Kok Tobe Mountain is a place for romantic walks and dates.

Fountain of Desires[edit]

The Fountain of Desires in the form of granite apple, the symbol of Almaty, welcomes guests at Kok Tobe Peak. Some people thoughtfully throw coins into the depths of its waters, while others make memorable photos near it.

Ferris Wheel[edit]

Located in the park Ferris wheel's height is 30 meters. It is 1,136 meters above sea level. There are 20 closed highly comfortable and safe cabins, 6 passengers for each cabin. There is great view on Almaty from cabins.[10]

Transportation[edit]

Kok tobe is connected to Almaty's city center by rope way. The departing point from the city center is a station located on the intersection of Dostyk and Abay avenues. The city center's terminal is situated behind Arman Cinema and Hotel Kazakhstan. The length of the rope-way is 1727 meters, and it takes about 6 minutes to reach the Kok Tobe's station.[11] There are also alternative ways to reach Kok Tobe such as by taking a shuttle bus that starts at the foot of the mountain, or by walking. Cars are not allowed access inside of the park due to environmental reasons.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Названы 15 любопытных фактов о горе Коктобе". Tengrinews.kz. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Секреты алматинской телебашни". VoxPopuli.kz. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  3. ^ http://almatykala.info/geography/koktobe.html
  4. ^ http://www.koktobe.com/page/park/doroga
  5. ^ "Silkroadadventures". www.SilkRoadAdventures.net. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  6. ^ "A Visit To The Almaty Television Tower - English Russia". EnglishRussia.com. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Beatles Statue of Almaty". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Back in the USSR The Spirit of Beatlemania in Kazakhstan". Stephen M. Bland. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-04. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  10. ^ "Kok Tobe official website". Archived from the original on 2016-07-14.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-19. Retrieved 2016-07-18.