Kuakata

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Kuakata
কুয়াকাটা

Daughter of ocean
সাগর কন্যা
Beach
Skyline of Kuakata  কুয়াকাটা
Coordinates: 21°49′16″N 90°07′11″E / 21.82111°N 90.11972°E / 21.82111; 90.11972
Country Bangladesh Bangladesh
Division Barisal Division
District Patuakhali District
Upazila Kalapara
Time zone BST (UTC+6)

Kuakata (Bengali: কুয়াকাটা) is a town known for its panoramic sea beach.[1][2] It is located in south-eastern Bangladesh, and is the number two tourist destination in the country. Kuakata beach is a sandy expanse 18 kilometres (11 mi) long and 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) wide.[3] From the beach one can have an unobstructed view of both sunrise and sunset over the Bay of Bengal.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The name Kuakata originated from the word 'Kua'-the Bengali word for "Well" which was dug on the sea shore by the early Rakhine settlers in quest of collecting drinking water, who landed on Kuakata coast in the eighteenth century after being expelled from Arakan (Myanmar) by the Mughals.[4] Afterwards, it has become a tradition of digging Well in the neighborhoods of Rakhaine tribes for water.

Geography[edit]

Kuakata is located in Kalapara Upazila, Patuakhali District.[5] It is about 320 kilometres (200 mi) south of Dhaka, the capital, and about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the district headquarters.[1]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Kuakata had 2,065 households and a population of 9,077.[6]

Culture[edit]

Kuakata Beach
Sunrise at Kuakata beach
Sunset at Kuakata beach

Kuakata is the place of pilgrimage for both Hindu and Buddhist communities. Innumerable devotees arrive here at the festival of 'Rush Purnima' and 'Maghi Purnima'. On these two occasions the pilgrims take holy bath at the bay and participate in the traditional fairs.[1] One may also visit the 100 years old Buddhist Temple where the statue of Goutama Buddha and two wells of 200 years old are located.

Beach[edit]

Kuakata offers a full view of the sunrise and sunset from the same white sandy beach in the water of the Bay of Bengal.

Locally known as Shagor Kannya (Daughter of ocean), the long strip of dark, marbled sand stretches for about 18 kilometres (11 mi). The long and wide beach at Kuakata has a typical natural setting. This sandy beach has gentle slopes into the Bay of Bengal. Kuakata is also a sanctuary for migratory winter birds.

On the eastern end of the beach is Gongamati Reserved Forest, an evergreen mangrove forest and snippet of the original Kuakata. When the Rakhines settled in the area in 1784, Kuakata was part of the larger Sundarbans forest. However, the Sundarbans is now at a distance of one-hour by speed boat. As a mangrove forest, Gongamati, like the Sundarbans, offers some protection against tidal surges, however it too is being threatened by logging and deforestation. The best way to reach the forest is by foot or bike along the beach, where a flock of flag flying fishing boats can be seen trawling the coast. Choosing to visit Gangamati in the late afternoon is a perfect time to watch the sun cast shadows on the abstract exposed mangrove roots.

On September 13, 2007 government had announced a red alert in Kuakata as caution for a possible Tsunami.[7]

Gallery[edit]

[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Tourist Attractions in Bangladesh". Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. 
  2. ^ "List of Bangladeshi Villages". Travel Tips (USA Today). Retrieved April 4, 2015. 
  3. ^ Kabir, Ekramul (2012). "Kalapara Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  4. ^ Majida, Mustapha (2005). The Rakhaines: Aborigines in Bangladesh. Dhaka: Mowla Brothers. ISBN 978-9844104662. 
  5. ^ "NGA GeoName Database". National Geospatial Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 9, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Population Census 2011: Patuakhali Table C-01" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Coasts evacuated on tsunami alert". The Daily Star. September 13, 2007. 
  8. ^ km

External links[edit]