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La Masia

Coordinates: 41°22′59″N 2°07′23″E / 41.3831°N 2.1231°E / 41.3831; 2.1231
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La Masia de Can Planes
Main façade of La Masia
La Masia is located in Spain
La Masia
Location within Spain
Alternative namesLa Masia
General information
Town or cityBarcelona
Coordinates41°22′59″N 2°07′23″E / 41.3831°N 2.1231°E / 41.3831; 2.1231
Completed1702; 322 years ago (1702)
Renovated1966; 58 years ago (1966)
OwnerFC Barcelona

La Masia de Can Planes, usually shortened to La Masia (Catalan pronunciation: [lə məˈzi.ə]; English: "The Farmhouse"),[1] is FC Barcelona's youth academy. It includes more than 300 young players and has been an instrumental factor in Barcelona's European success, and produced several world class players in the early 2000s.

In 2010, La Masia became the first youth academy to have trained all three finalists for the Ballon d'Or in a single year: Lionel Messi, Andrés Iniesta and Xavi.[2]

La Masia is also the name of FC Barcelona's football training facilities, originally located near the Camp Nou in the Les Corts district of Barcelona. The original building itself was an ancient country residence (in Catalan, masia) built in 1702, and once Camp Nou was inaugurated in 1957, the building was remodelled and extended for use as the club's social headquarters. With the gradual expansion of the club, the building became too small for headquarters, and on 20 October 1979, La Masia was converted into a dormitory for young players from outside Barcelona. On 30 June 2011, the Masia building ceased housing the academy players. In a simple ceremony, the doors were closed and the Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper took over the function of the residential centre for the players.


Johan Cruyff in 2013

La Masia de Can Planes was an old Catalan farmhouse, built in 1702. In 1979, it was first used by the club to house its young footballers who originated from outside Barcelona.[3] The idea for the youth academy was proposed to Núñez by Jaume Amat,[4] and Oriol Tort was put in charge of the facility.[5]

In 2011, it was announced that Barcelona would be moving all its football training activities to La Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper.[6]

La Masia received more publicity after Barcelona B's success with homegrown players; Rory Smith reported in The Daily Telegraph that La Masia "has replaced the fabled Ajax Academy as football's foremost production line".[7] The recent fame and success of La Masia as a talent school was ascribed by Ian Hawkey of The Times to the class of 1987, which featured prominent members such as Cesc Fàbregas, Lionel Messi, Gerard Piqué and Pedro.[8] In 2000, Louis van Gaal, coach of Barcelona's first team, was widely ridiculed by the city sports media for his dream to win the Champions League with 11 home-grown players. The first team won the trophy in 2009 with eight home-grown players.[9]

From 1979 to 2009, 440 youngsters have left their homes and families to stay at the academy. About half of them were from Catalonia, and the rest came from other regions of the Kingdom of Spain and beyond, including 15 from Cameroon, 7 from Brazil, 5 from Senegal and 3 from Argentina. Of those 440, 40 made it into Barcelona's first team.[10]


Sergio Busquets, a graduate of La Masia, was part of the Barcelona first team from 2008 until 2023.

La Masia houses about 60 players: 10 in the farmhouse, and the rest in rooms of the adjacent stadium; the rest of the youth players must provide for their own accommodation.[3] The academy is one of the most expensive in Europe, operating at a cost of £5 million a year. The main cost is the dormitory, La Masia itself. The minimum age for the youth program is six years; each year, more than 1,000 boys from the ages of six to eight try out for admission. The best 200 are selected.[11] The club also actively seeks for prospective students; it employs a system in which 15 scouts are deployed in Catalonia, 15 in the rest of Spain and 10 scattered throughout the world. To alleviate the expenses of this scouting, the club has an agreement with 15 local clubs for them to train players who are not ready for entry into the youth academy. In return, FC Barcelona gives money, coaching and technical advice to these clubs for their services.[12] While expanding its operations abroad, the club established five schools in Mexico and one in Egypt; successful applicants to these schools become full-time students, receiving academic education and football training.[13]

When Guardiola re-organised the reserve side, he set up a three-staged program to formalise the advancement from Juvenil to Barcelona B and finally to the first team. The first stage of a youth player's career involves a rotation scheme with Barcelona B. The second stage involves making the player aware of his importance to the team and the expectation that the player will improve cohesion and performance within the reserve side. In the last stage, he is designated a "key" player of the B team and might be called to the first team. One of the players in the third phase is made captain, regardless of the experience of older players.[9]

The teams at Barcelona play from August to May; mild weather at La Masia allows players to train outdoors throughout the year. The youth teams train after school; Barcelona B plays as a professional team, training in the morning and evening.[14] All of the trainers at FC Barcelona are former professional footballers.[15]

Barcelona B, the club's main youth team, and the 12 other youth teams contained 24 coaches and more than 300 players. There are 56 other employees, including doctors, psychologists, nutritionists, cooks and physiologists. In the 2009–10 season, the B team qualified for the Segunda División again. Barcelona B play in a 4–3–3 formation, which is the same formation employed by the first team.[16]


Guillermo Amor, Albert Ferrer, Josep Mussons (Barça Vice-president) and Pep Guardiola. This photo was displayed for many years at the entrance of La Masia dining room. Their signature, in Catalan language, encourages future young Barça players by saying "With effort and sacrifice, you can also make it. Just do it, it is worth it!".

"The player who has passed through La Masia has something different to the rest, it's a plus that only comes from having competed in a Barcelona shirt from the time you were a child."

— Former Barcelona coach Pep Guardiola[17]

Former technical director Pep Segura attributes the club's success to its "philosophy of play": "It is about creating one philosophy, one mentality, from the bottom of the club to the top". The philosophy consists of the application of total football mixed with traditional Spanish one-touch play (tiqui-taka). The total football approach was derived from the Netherlands football team through Cruyff.[7] The total football approach requires the players to move in a fluid formation, where players can interchange positions quickly. In the youth academy, there is a large focus on technical ability, which is seen as a pre-requisite for inter-changes.[7][18] An often-quoted reason for Barcelona's success is the continuity and commitment with which Barcelona follow the current philosophy of pass and move. Guardiola was the prototype of the pivotal midfielder; famous midfielders Xavi and Iniesta are its custodians.[19]

Another aspect of La Masia is its marked Catalan national character—local talent in the service of a club with a strong, defining sense of the cultural make-up of Catalonia.[20]


The new Masia residence, opened in 2011 at the Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper.

In 2009, Messi became the first player from La Masia to be awarded with the Ballon d'Or prize for the best footballer in Europe, and the FIFA World Player award, for the best footballer in the world.[21]

Spain won the 2010 FIFA World Cup with seven players from Barcelona in a World Cup final.[22] Joachim Löw, coach of Germany, said after his side's defeat by Spain that the opposition had a distinct Barcelona style: "You can see it in every pass, how Spain plays is how Barcelona plays. They can hardly be beaten. They are extremely confident and very calm in the way they circulate the ball."[23]

On 25 November 2012, for the first time, Barcelona fielded all eleven players that have come up through La Masia in a La Liga match. After Dani Alves was substituted by Martín Montoya due to an injury in the 13th minute,[24] Barça played the next 60 minutes with Víctor Valdés, Montoya, Carles Puyol, Gerard Piqué, Jordi Alba, Sergio Busquets, Xavi, Iniesta, Cesc Fàbregas, Pedro, and Messi.[25][26]

In the years immediately following this achievement, with those players aging and Barcelona seeking to maintain their position as one of the world's top clubs, they moved towards a more conventional recruitment strategy, signing some of the most talented players from around the globe for large transfer fees, such as Neymar,[26] Luis Suárez and Philippe Coutinho, plus younger players (most with origins in Brazil and France) expected to improve further with the club; however, this approach (combined with something of a 'stockpiling' of players due to a transfer ban for breaching regulations regarding the signing of non-EU youth players)[26] meant there was less opportunity for local academy graduates to appear with the first team, and a perception that the quality of players produced by Barcelona was not quite as high as the previous generation.[26] Nevertheless, the team continued to win trophies and some further canteranos did make a breakthrough into the squad, including Rafinha, Carles Aleñá and Sergi Roberto, the latter having to retrain as a right back due to the abundance of talent in his original midfield position.[26] The return of Joan Laporta as president and Xavi as head coach marked the return of the preference for La Masia players, such as Gavi, Ansu Fati, Lamine Yamal or Alejandro Balde, and the signing of previous La Masia graduates, such as Eric García and Oriol Romeu.

La Masia has opened a Residence Academy in Arizona that leverage the same methods that La Masia does in Spain. Top players from the AZ academy are invited to Spain annually to visit La Masia.[27]

Notable alumni[edit]

Pep Guardiola's reign at Barcelona (2008–2012) marked one of the most successful eras in the history of the club and its youth academy.[28][29][30]
Lionel Messi, the most notable alumnus of La Masia

Many players from Barcelona's youth system go on to have careers in football, whether at Barcelona or at other clubs. The following is a list of players who have played at least 70 league matches with the first team.

Bold Denotes players still with the club
Player Nationality Position Barcelona career League appearances League goals
Lionel Messi  Argentina Forward 2004–2021 520 474
Xavi  Spain Midfielder 1998–2015 505 58
Sergio Busquets  Spain Midfielder 2008–2023 481 11
Andrés Iniesta  Spain Midfielder 2002–2018 442 35
Carles Puyol  Spain Defender 1999–2014 392 12
Gerard Piqué  Spain Defender 2008–2022 397 29
Víctor Valdés  Spain Goalkeeper 2002–2014 387 0
Jordi Alba  Spain Defender 2012–2023 313 17
Guillermo Amor  Spain Midfielder 1988–1998 311 47
Sergi Barjuán  Spain Defender 1993–2002 267 6
Pep Guardiola  Spain Midfielder 1990–2001 263 6
Francisco Carrasco  Spain Forward 1978–1989 262 49
Sergi Roberto  Spain Midfielder 2010–2024 245 9
Tente Sánchez  Spain Midfielder 1976–1986 236 16
Pedro  Spain Forward 2007–2015 204 58
Albert Ferrer  Spain Defender 1990–1998 204 1
Antonio Olmo  Spain Defender 1976–1984 188 4
Gabri García  Spain Midfielder 1999–2006 129 7
Oleguer Presas  Spain Defender 2001–2008 127 1
Ramón Calderé  Spain Midfielder 1984–1988 110 15
Bojan  Spain Forward 2007–2011 104 26
Cesc Fàbregas  Spain Midfielder 2011–2014 96 28
Gavi  Spain Midfielder 2021– 82 5
Ansu Fati  Spain Forward 2019– 80 22


  • McShane, Kevin (2002). Coaching youth soccer: the European model. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1088-4.
  • Martí Perarnau, Senda de campeones : De La Masía al Camp Nou, 10 Books (Grup 62), 2011.
  1. ^ Price, Sean (6 July 2010). "School of Soccer Champions". Scholastic. Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
  2. ^ totalbarca.com, It’s an all Barça affair at FIFA Ballon d’Or Archived 10 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b Rogers, Iain (22 October 2009). "Barca talent farm marks 30 years of success". Reuters. Archived from the original on 4 January 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  4. ^ "La Masía nació en un minuto" (PDF). Mundo Deportivo. 22 October 2009. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
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  6. ^ "Inside : Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper". Inside Spanish Football. 29 September 2011. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  7. ^ a b c Smith, Rory (17 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Spain's battle won on the playing fields of Barcelona". Telegraph. Archived from the original on 20 July 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
  8. ^ Hawkey, Ian (28 March 2010). "Friends reunited: Cesc Fabregas and the class of 1987". The Times. Archived from the original on 27 December 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2010.(subscription required)
  9. ^ a b Perarnau, Martí (18 August 2010). "La Masia, como un laboratorio" (in Spanish). SPORT.es. Retrieved 19 August 2010. [dead link]
  10. ^ Rogers, Iain (25 May 2009). "INTERVIEW-Soccer-La Masia a fertile breeding ground for Barca". Reuters. Archived from the original on 29 December 2022. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
  11. ^ McShane, Kevin. p. 39
  12. ^ McShane, Kevin. p. 53
  13. ^ "FCBEscola". FC Barcelona. Archived from the original on 3 October 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  14. ^ McShane, Kevin. p. 74-79
  15. ^ McShane, Kevin. p. 105
  16. ^ McShane, Kevin. p. 77
  17. ^ "Barça kids at home at La Masia". UEFA. 1 January 2009. Archived from the original on 8 February 2011. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
  18. ^ McShane, Kevin. p. 74
  19. ^ Lowe, Sid (24 May 2009). "Andrés Iniesta graduates from cameo role to take centre stage at Barcelona". Guardian. Archived from the original on 30 April 2020. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  20. ^ Hawkey, Ian (14 May 2006). "Fame academy". The Times. Archived from the original on 12 August 2020. Retrieved 30 July 2010.(subscription required)
  21. ^ Pellicer, Miquel (1 December 2009). "Messi, primer Balón de Oro de la Masia del Barça". El Mundo Deportivo. Archived from the original on 20 September 2010. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
  22. ^ "Meet Spain's 2010 World Cup team". Archived from the original on 14 May 2020. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  23. ^ Hughes, Rob (9 July 2010). "Talent to Spare, but There's Only One Trophy". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
  24. ^ "Dani Alves gives way to a La Masia all-eleven". FCBarcelona.com. 25 November 2012. Archived from the original on 19 June 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  25. ^ "La Masia puts four past Levante". FCBarcelona.com. 25 November 2012. Archived from the original on 19 June 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
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  27. ^ "Barca Academy AZ". chasingacup.com. 27 October 2020. Archived from the original on 3 July 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  28. ^ Hunter, Graham (September 2012). Barça: The Making of the Greatest Team in the World, 2nd revised edition. (BackPage Press, ISBN 9780956497154)
  29. ^ Lowe, Sid (24 May 2013). "The great European Cup teams: Barcelona 2009–2011". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 15 September 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  30. ^ Martín, Dúnia (11 July 2015). "The greatest teams of all time: Barcelona 2008–12". UEFA.com. Archived from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016.

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