Spain national football team
|Nickname(s)||La Roja (The Red One)|
La Furia Roja (The Red Fury)
|Association||Real Federación Española de Fútbol (RFEF)|
|Head coach||Luis Enrique|
|Most caps||Sergio Ramos (180)|
|Top scorer||David Villa (59)|
|Current||6 (7 April 2021)|
|Highest||1 (July 2008 – June 2009, October 2009 – March 2010, July 2010 – July 2011, October 2011 – July 2014)|
|Lowest||25 (March 1998)|
| Spain 1–0 Denmark |
(Brussels, Belgium; 28 August 1920)
| Spain 13–0 Bulgaria |
(Madrid, Spain; 22 August 1933)
| Spain 1–7 Italy |
(Amsterdam, Netherlands; 4 June 1928)
England 7–1 Spain
(London, England; 9 December 1931)
|Appearances||15 (first in 1934)|
|Best result||Champions (2010)|
|Appearances||11 (first in 1964)|
|Best result||Champions (1964, 2008, 2012)|
|Nations League Finals|
|Appearances||1 (first in 2021)|
|Appearances||2 (first in 2009)|
|Best result||Runners-up (2013)|
The Spain national football team (Spanish: Selección Española de Fútbol) represents Spain in international men's football competitions since 1920. It is governed by the Royal Spanish Football Federation, the governing body for Football in Spain.
Spain are one of the eight national teams to have been crowned worldwide champions, having participated in a total of 15 of 21 FIFA World Cups and qualifying consistently since 1978. Spain has also won three continental titles, having appeared at 10 of 15 UEFA European Championships.
Spain is the only national team with three consecutive major titles, becoming the first European team to win a FIFA World Cup outside of Europe in 2010, as well as the only to win back-to-back European Championships in 2008 and 2012. Because of this, from 2008 to 2013, the national team won the FIFA Team of the Year, the second-most of any nation, behind only Brazil. Also between February 2007 and June 2009, Spain went undefeated for a record-equalling 35 consecutive matches, shared with Brazil. Their achievements have led many experts and commentators to consider the 2008–2012 Spanish squad the best ever international side in world football.
Spain has been a member of FIFA since FIFA's foundation in 1904, even though the Spanish Football Federation was first established in 1909. The first Spain national football team was constituted in 1920, with the main objective of finding a team that would represent Spain at the Summer Olympics held in Belgium in that same year. Spain made their debut at the tournament on 28 August 1920 against Denmark, silver medallists at the last two Olympic tournaments. The Spanish managed to win that match by a scoreline of 1–0, eventually finishing with the silver medal. Spain qualified for their first FIFA World Cup in 1934, defeating Brazil in their first game and losing in a replay to the hosts and eventual champions Italy in the quarter-finals. The Spanish Civil War and World War II prevented Spain from playing any competitive matches between the 1934 World Cup and the 1950 edition's qualifiers. At the 1950 finals in Brazil, they topped their group to progress to the final round, then finished in fourth place. Until 2010, this had been Spain's highest finish in a FIFA World Cup finals, which had given them the name of the "underachievers".
Spain won its first major international title when hosting the 1964 European Championship held in Spain, defeating the Soviet Union 2–1 in the final at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium. The victory would stand as Spain's lone major title for 44 years. Spain was selected as host of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, reaching the second round and four years later they reached the quarter-finals before a penalty shootout defeat to Belgium. Spain reached the quarter-finals of the 1994 World Cup. The match became controversial when Italian defender Mauro Tassotti struck Luis Enrique with his elbow inside Spain's penalty area, causing Luis Enrique to bleed profusely from his nose and mouth, but the foul was not noticed nor sanctioned by referee Sándor Puhl. Had the official acknowledged the foul, Spain would have merited a penalty kick. In the 2002 World Cup, Spain won its three group play matches, then defeated the Republic of Ireland on penalties in the second round. They faced co-hosts South Korea in the quarter-finals, losing in a shootout after having two goals controversially called back for alleged infractions during regular and extra time.
At UEFA Euro 2008, Spain won all their games in Group D. Italy were the opponents in the quarter-final match, which Spain won 4–2 on penalties. They then met Russia again in the semi-final, beating them 3–0. In the final, Spain defeated Germany 1–0, with Fernando Torres scoring the only goal of the game. This was Spain's first major title since the 1964 European Championship. Xavi was awarded the player of the tournament. In the 2010 World Cup, Spain advanced to the final for the first time ever by defeating Germany 1–0. In the decisive match against the Netherlands, Andrés Iniesta scored the match's only goal, coming in extra time. Spain became the third team to win a World Cup outside their own continent, and the first European team to do so. Goalkeeper Iker Casillas won the golden glove for only conceding two goals during the tournament, while David Villa won the bronze ball and silver boot, tied for top scorer of the tournament. Spain qualified top of Group I in qualification for UEFA Euro 2012 with a perfect 100% record. They became the first team to retain the European Championship, winning the final 4–0 against Italy, while Fernando Torres won the Golden Boot for top scorer of the tournament.
Spanish team is commonly known by fans as "La Furia Roja", meaning the Red Fury in Spanish. However, there are another unofficial nicknames to refer to the national team of Spain.
The other most common nickname, known by fans, is "Los Toros" (Fighting Bulls), since Spanish Fighting Bull is one of Spain's famous national treasures and often used to define Spanish culture, and also often depicted by Spanish supporters alike. Spanish football team is sometimes also referred as the Bulls due to this cultural heritage.
Style of play
During Spain's most successful period between 2008 and 2012, the team played a style of football dubbed 'tiki-taka', a systems approach to football founded upon the ideal of team unity and a comprehensive understanding in the geometry of space on a football field.
Tiki-taka has been variously described as "a style of play based on making your way to the back of the net through short passing and movement", a "short passing style in which the ball is worked carefully through various channels", and a "nonsensical phrase that has come to mean short passing, patience and possession above all else". The style involves roaming movement and positional interchange amongst midfielders, moving the ball in intricate patterns, and sharp, one or two-touch passing. Tiki-taka is "both defensive and offensive in equal measure" – the team is always in possession, so doesn't need to switch between defending and attacking. Commentators have contrasted tiki-taka with "Route One physicality" and with the higher-tempo passing of Barcelona and Arsène Wenger's 2007–08 Arsenal side, which employed Cesc Fàbregas as the only channel between defence and attack. Tiki-taka is associated with flair, creativity, and touch, but can also be taken to a "slow, directionless extreme" that sacrifices effectiveness for aesthetics.
Tiki-taka was successfully employed by the Spanish national team to win UEFA Euro 2008, 2010 FIFA World Cup and UEFA Euro 2012. The team of this era is regarded as being among the greatest international teams in history.
Sid Lowe identifies Luis Aragonés' tempering of tiki-taka with pragmatism as a key factor in Spain's success in Euro 2008. Aragonés used tiki-taka to "protect a defense that appeared suspect [...], maintain possession and dominate games" without taking the style to "evangelical extremes". None of Spain's first six goals in the tournament came from tiki-taka: five came from direct breaks and one from a set play. For Lowe, Spain's success in the 2010 World Cup was evidence of the meeting of two traditions in Spanish football: the "powerful, aggressive, direct" style that earned the silver medal-winning 1920 Antwerp Olympics team the nickname La Furia Roja ("The Red Fury") and the tiki-taka style of the contemporary Spanish team, which focused on a collective, short-passing, technical and possession-based game.
Analyzing Spain's semi-final victory over Germany at the 2010 World Cup, Honigstein described the Spanish team's tiki-taka style as "the most difficult version of football possible: an uncompromising passing game, coupled with intense, high pressing". For Honigstein, tiki-taka is "a significant upgrade" of Total Football because it relies on ball movement rather than players switching position. Tiki-taka allowed Spain to "control both the ball and the opponent".
We have the same idea as each other. Keep the ball, create movement around and off the ball, get in the spaces to cause danger.
Kits and crest
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spain national football team kits.|
Spain's kit is traditionally a red jersey with yellow trim, dark blue shorts and black socks, whilst their current away kit is all predominantly white. The colour of the socks altered throughout the 1990s from black to the same blue colour as the shorts, matching either the blue of the shorts or the red of the shirt until the mid-2010s when they returned to their traditional black. Spain's kits have been produced by manufacturers including Adidas (from 1981 until 1983), Le Coq Sportif (from 1983 until 1991) and Adidas once again (since 1991). Rather than displaying the logo of the Spanish football federation, Spain's jersey traditionally features the coat of arms of Spain over the left breast. After winning the 2010 World Cup, the World Cup winners badge was added to the right breast of the jersey and a golden star at the top of the Spanish coat of arms.
|Le Coq Sportif||1983–1991|
|Adidas||1991–present||Current until 2030|
Spain does not have a designated national stadium, and as such, major qualifying matches are usually played at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid. The capital city Madrid (Bernabéu and Metropolitano), Seville (Pizjuán and Villamarín), Valencia (Mestalla and Orriols) and Barcelona (Camp Nou and Montjuïc), are the four Spanish cities that have hosted more than 15 national team matches, while also being home to the largest stadiums in the country.
Other friendly matches, as well as qualifying fixtures against smaller opponents, are played in provincial stadia. The 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification campaign included matches at the Reino de León in León, Los Cármenes in Granada, El Molinón in Gijón, and the Rico Pérez in Alicante.
Spain's UEFA European Qualifiers and UEFA Nations League matches, and all friendly games from 2018 until 2022, will be televised nationwide by La 1, flagship television channel of the public broadcaster TVE.
Spain has two main rivalries with other top footballing nations.
- Their rivalry with Italy, sometimes referred to as the Mediterranean Derby, has been contested since 1920, and, although the two nations are not immediate geographical neighbours, their rivalry at international level is enhanced by the strong performances of the representative clubs in UEFA competitions, in which they are among the leading associations and have each enjoyed spells of dominance. Since the quarterfinal match between the two countries at Euro 2008, the rivalry has renewed, with its most notable match between the two sides being in the UEFA Euro 2012 Final, which Spain won 4–0.
- Their rivalry with Portugal, also known as the Iberian Derby, is one of the oldest football rivalries at a national level. It began on 18 December 1921, when Portugal lost 3–1 to Spain at Madrid in their first ever international friendly game. Portugal lost their first matches, with their first draw (2–2) only coming in 1926. Portugal's first win came much later (4–1) in 1947. Both belong to the strongest football nations of the world, and have met a total of 36 times (of which 9 matches were competitive) which resulted in 18 victories for Spain, 12 draws and 6 victories for Portugal.
|Head coach||Luis Enrique|
|Assistant coach||Jesús Casas|
|Goalkeeping coach||José Sambade|
|Fitness coach||Rafel Pol|
|Data analysts|| Aitor Unzué |
|Video analyst||Pablo Peña|
|Doctor||Juan José García Cota|
|Physiotherapists|| Lorenzo del Pozo |
Juan Carlos Herranz
Fernando Galán del Río
|Kit men|| Joaquín Retamosa |
José Damián García
|Sporting director||José Francisco Molina|
|Team manager||Antonio Limones|
The following players were called up to the Spain squad for the 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification matches against Greece, Georgia and Kosovo on 25, 28 and 31 March 2021, respectively.
Caps and goals correct as of: 31 March 2021, after the match against Kosovo.
|No.||Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club|
|1||GK||David de Gea||7 November 1990||45||0||Manchester United|
|13||GK||Robert Sánchez||18 November 1997||0||0||Brighton & Hove Albion|
|23||GK||Unai Simón||11 June 1997||6||0||Athletic Bilbao|
|2||DF||Pedro Porro||13 September 1999||1||0||Sporting CP|
|3||DF||Diego Llorente||16 August 1993||7||0||Leeds United|
|4||DF||Iñigo Martínez||17 May 1991||15||0||Athletic Bilbao|
|12||DF||Eric García||9 January 2001||7||0||Manchester City|
|14||DF||José Gayà||25 May 1995||13||2||Valencia|
|15||DF||Sergio Ramos (captain)||30 March 1986||180||23||Real Madrid|
|18||DF||Jordi Alba||21 March 1989||72||8||Barcelona|
|5||MF||Sergio Busquets (vice-captain)||16 July 1988||122||2||Barcelona|
|6||MF||Sergio Canales||16 February 1991||10||1||Betis|
|8||MF||Koke (3rd captain)||8 January 1992||49||0||Atlético Madrid|
|10||MF||Thiago||11 April 1991||41||2||Liverpool|
|16||MF||Rodri||22 June 1996||19||1||Manchester City|
|17||MF||Fabián||3 April 1996||11||1||Napoli|
|20||MF||Pedri||25 November 2002||3||0||Barcelona|
|22||MF||Marcos Llorente||30 January 1995||4||0||Atlético Madrid|
|7||FW||Álvaro Morata||23 October 1992||39||19||Juventus|
|9||FW||Gerard||7 April 1992||10||5||Villarreal|
|11||FW||Ferran Torres||29 February 2000||10||6||Manchester City|
|19||FW||Dani Olmo||7 May 1998||11||3||RB Leipzig|
|21||FW||Mikel Oyarzabal||21 April 1997||13||4||Real Sociedad|
|FW||Bryan Gil||11 February 2001||2||0||Eibar|
The following players have been called up for the team in the last twelve months.
|Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club||Latest call-up|
|GK||Kepa Arrizabalaga||3 October 1994||11||0||Chelsea||v. Germany, 17 November 2020|
|DF||Sergi Roberto||7 February 1992||10||1||Barcelona||v. Germany, 17 November 2020|
|DF||Pau Torres||16 January 1997||7||1||Villarreal||v. Germany, 17 November 2020|
|DF||Sergio Reguilón||16 December 1996||5||0||Tottenham Hotspur||v. Germany, 17 November 2020|
|DF||Héctor Bellerín||19 March 1995||4||0||Arsenal||v. Germany, 17 November 2020|
|DF||Marc Cucurella||22 July 1998||0||0||Getafe||v. Germany, 17 November 2020|
|DF||Jesús Navas||21 November 1985||46||5||Sevilla||v. Netherlands, 11 November 2020 INJ|
|DF||Dani Carvajal||11 January 1992||25||0||Real Madrid||v. Portugal, 7 October 2020 INJ|
|MF||Marco Asensio||21 January 1996||26||1||Real Madrid||v. Germany, 17 November 2020|
|MF||Mikel Merino||22 June 1996||6||0||Real Sociedad||v. Germany, 17 November 2020|
|MF||Dani Ceballos||7 August 1996||11||1||Arsenal||v. Ukraine, 13 October 2020|
|MF||José Campaña||31 May 1993||1||0||Levante||v. Ukraine, 13 October 2020|
|MF||Óscar||28 June 1998||2||0||Sevilla||v. Ukraine, 6 September 2020|
|FW||Adama Traoré||25 January 1996||5||0||Wolverhampton Wanderers||v. Germany, 17 November 2020|
|FW||Ansu Fati||31 October 2002||4||1||Barcelona||v. Netherlands, 11 November 2020 INJ|
|FW||Rodrigo||6 March 1991||25||8||Leeds United||v. Ukraine, 13 October 2020|
INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury
David Villa holds the title of Spain's highest goalscorer, scoring 59 goals from 2005 to 2017, during which time he played for Spain on 98 occasions. Raúl González is the second highest goalscorer, scoring 44 goals in 102 appearances between 1996 and 2006.
Between November 2006 and June 2009, Spain went undefeated for a record-equaling 35 consecutive matches before their loss to the United States in the Confederations Cup, a record shared with Brazil, and included a record 15-game winning streak. In the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Spain became the inaugural European national team to lift the World Cup trophy outside Europe; along with Brazil, Germany and Argentina, Spain is one of the four national teams to have won the FIFA World Cup outside its home continent.
Most capped players
|1||David Villa (list)||59||98||0.6||2005–2017|
|3||Fernando Torres (list)||38||110||0.35||2003–2014|
|8||Alfredo Di Stéfano||23||31||0.74||1957–1961|
Last update was on 28 November 2019. Source:
|Spain's FIFA world rankings|
|Best Ranking Worst Ranking Best Mover Worst Mover|
The following table shows Spain's all-time international record, correct as of 31 March 2021.
Results and fixtures
- For all past match results of the national team, see single-season articles and the team's results page
The following matches were played or are scheduled to be played by the national team in the current or upcoming seasons.
|3 September 2020 UEFA Nations League||Germany||1–1||Spain||Stuttgart, Germany|
|20:45||Werner 51'||Report||Gayà 90+6'||Stadium: Mercedes-Benz Arena|
Referee: Daniele Orsato (Italy)
|6 September 2020 UEFA Nations League||Spain||4–0||Ukraine||Madrid, Spain|
|20:45||Ramos 3' (pen.), 29'
F. Torres 84'
|Report||Stadium: Alfredo di Stefano Stadium|
Referee: Benoît Bastien (France)
|7 October 2020 Friendly||Portugal||0–0||Spain||Lisbon, Portugal|
|19:45 WEST (UTC+1)||Report||Stadium: Estádio José Alvalade|
Referee: Paolo Valeri (Italy)
|10 October 2020 UEFA Nations League||Spain||1–0||Switzerland||Madrid, Spain|
|20:45||Oyarzabal 14'||Report||Stadium: Alfredo Di Stefano Stadium|
Referee: Ali Palabıyık (Turkey)
|13 October 2020 UEFA Nations League||Ukraine||1–0||Spain||Kyiv, Ukraine|
|20:45||Tsyhankov 76'||Report||Stadium: Olimpiyskiy National Sports Complex|
Referee: Paweł Gil (Poland)
|11 November 2020[a] Friendly||Netherlands||1–1||Spain||Amsterdam, Netherlands|
|20:45||Van de Beek 47'||Report||Canales 19'||Stadium: Johan Cruyff Arena|
Referee: Davide Massa (Italy)
|14 November 2020 UEFA Nations League||Switzerland||1–1||Spain||Basel, Switzerland|
|20:45||Freuler 26'||Report||Gerard 89'||Stadium: St. Jakob-Park|
Referee: Willie Collum (Scotland)
|17 November 2020 UEFA Nations League||Spain||6–0||Germany||Seville, Spain|
|20:45||Report||Stadium: Estadio de La Cartuja|
Referee: Andreas Ekberg (Sweden)
|25 March 2021 2022 FIFA W.C. Q||Spain||1–1||Greece||Granada, Spain|
|20:45 CET (UTC+01:00)||Morata 33'||Report||Bakasetas 57' (pen.)||Stadium: Nuevo Estadio de Los Cármenes|
Referee: Marco Guida (Italy)
|28 March 2021 2022 FIFA W.C. Q||Georgia||1–2||Spain||Tbilisi, Georgia|
|18:00 GET (UTC+04:00)||
||Report||Stadium: Boris Paichadze Dinamo Arena|
Referee: Radu Petrescu (Romania)
|31 March 2021 2022 FIFA W.C. Q||Spain||3–1||Kosovo||Seville, Spain|
|20:45 CEST (UTC+02:00)||Report||
||Stadium: Estadio de La Cartuja|
Referee: Jakob Kehlet (Denmark)
|TBD Friendly||Spain||v||TBD||TBD, Spain|
|14 June 2021 UEFA Euro 2020||Spain||v||Sweden||Bilbao, Spain|
|21:00 CEST (UTC+02:00)||Report||Stadium: San Mamés|
|19 June 2021 UEFA Euro 2020||Spain||v||Poland||Bilbao, Spain|
|21:00 CEST (UTC+02:00)||Report||Stadium: San Mamés|
|23 June 2021 UEFA Euro 2020||Slovakia||v||Spain||Bilbao, Spain|
|18:00 CEST (UTC+02:00)||Report||Stadium: San Mamés|
|6 October 2021 Nations League SF||Italy||v||Spain||Milan, Italy|
|CEST (UTC+02:00)||Report||Stadium: San Siro|
- For the all-time record of the national team against opposing nations, see the team's all-time record page.
FIFA World Cup
Champions Runners-up Third place Fourth place
|FIFA World Cup record||FIFA World Cup qualification record|
|1930||Did not enter||Did not enter|
|1954||Did not qualify||3||1||1||1||6||3|
|1970||Did not qualify||6||2||2||2||10||6|
|1982||Round 2||12th||5||1||2||2||4||5||Qualified as host|
|1990||Round of 16||10th||4||2||1||1||6||4||8||6||1||1||20||3|
|2006||Round of 16||9th||4||3||0||1||9||4||12||6||6||0||25||5|
|2018||Round of 16||10th||4||1||3||0||7||6||10||9||1||0||36||3|
|2022||To be determined||3||2||1||0||6||3|
|2026||To be determined|
- *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
- ***Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil.
|Spain's World Cup record|
|First match|| Spain 3–1 Brazil |
(27 May 1934; Genoa, Italy)
|Biggest win|| Spain 6–1 Bulgaria |
(24 June 1998; Lens, France)
|Biggest defeat|| Brazil 6–1 Spain |
(13 July 1950; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
|Best result||Champions at the 2010 FIFA World Cup|
|Worst result||Group stage in 1962, 1966, 1978, 1998 and 2014|
UEFA European Championship
|UEFA European Championship record||Qualification record|
|1960||Did not qualify[b]||2||2||0||0||7||2|
|1968||Did not qualify||8||3||2||3||7||5|
|1992||Did not qualify||7||3||0||4||17||12|
|2016||Round of 16||10th||4||2||0||2||5||4||10||9||0||1||23||3|
|2024||To be determined||To be determined|
|Spain's European Championship record|
|First match|| Spain 2–1 Hungary |
(Madrid, Spain; 17 June 1964)
|Biggest win|| Spain 4–0 Republic of Ireland |
(Gdańsk, Poland; 14 June 2012)
Spain 4–0 Italy
(Kyiv, Ukraine; 1 July 2012)
|Biggest defeat|| France 2–0 Spain |
(Paris, France; 27 June 1984)
West Germany 2–0 Spain
(Munich, West Germany; 17 June 1988)
Italy 2–0 Spain
(Saint-Denis, France; 27 June 2016)
|Best result||Champions in 1964, 2008 and 2012|
|Worst result||Group stage in 1980, 1988 and 2004|
UEFA Nations League
|UEFA Nations League record|
|2022–23||A||To be determined|
|Spain's Nations League record|
|First match|| England 1–2 Spain |
(London, England; 8 September 2018)
|Biggest win|| Spain 6–0 Croatia |
(Elche, Spain; 11 September 2018)
Spain 6–0 Germany
(Seville, Spain; 17 November 2020)
|Biggest defeat|| Spain 2–3 England |
(Seville, Spain; 15 October 2018)
Croatia 3–2 Spain
(Zagreb, Croatia; 15 November 2018)
Ukraine 1–0 Spain
(Kyiv, Ukraine; 13 October 2020)
|Best result||1st–4th place in 2020–21|
|Worst result||7th place in 2018–19|
FIFA Confederations Cup
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|1992||UEFA did not participate|
|1995||Did not qualify|
|2017||Did not qualify|
|Spain's Confederations Cup record|
|First match|| Spain 5–0 New Zealand |
(Rustenburg, South Africa; 14 June 2009)
|Biggest win|| Spain 10–0 Tahiti |
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 20 June 2013)
|Biggest defeat|| Brazil 3–0 Spain |
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 30 June 2013)
|Best result||Runners-up in 2013|
|Worst result||Third place in 2009|
|Olympic Games record|
|1948||Did not qualify|
|1968–1988||See Spain national amateur football team|
|Since 1992||See Spain national under-23 football team|
|Total||1 Silver Medal||3/9||9||5||1||3||18||15|
- Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
|Mediterranean Games record|
|1951||Did not qualify|
|1955–1967||See Spain national amateur football team|
|1971||Did not enter|
|Since 1991||See Spain national under-23 football team or Spain national under-20 football team|
or Spain national under-18 football team
- Spain women's national football team
- Spain national under-23 football team
- Spain national under-21 football team
- Spain national under-20 football team
- Spain national under-19 football team
- Spain national under-18 football team
- Spain national under-17 football team
- Spain national under-16 football team
- Spain national under-15 football team
- Spain national youth football team
- Spain national football team head to head
- International Double
- The Netherlands v Spain match, originally scheduled for 29 March 2020, 21:00 at the Johan Cruyff Arena, Amsterdam was postponed on 17 March due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe. The match was later rescheduled to November 2020.
- Spain refused to travel to the Soviet Union for their qualification quarter-final, so Spain were disqualified and the Soviet Union were awarded a walkover victory.
- ""La Roja"". 17 June 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
- "Statistics – Most-capped players". European football database. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 7 April 2021. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
- Since 1992, squads for Football at the Summer Olympics have been restricted to three players over the age of 23. These matches are not regarded as part of the national team's record, nor are caps awarded.
- Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". eloratings.net. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
- "Are Spain the greatest international team of all time?". Goal. 2 July 2012.
- "Spain dominate the decade: national-team winners". UEFA. 26 December 2019.
- "Spain win again to extend unbeaten streak". CNN. 20 June 2009.
- "Euro 2012: Are Spain the best team of all time?". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- "Klinsmann: Spain win over Italy would make them team of century". BBC. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- "The greatest team of all time: Brazil 1970 v Spain 2012". The Independent. 3 July 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
- "Why this Spain side is all-time best". ESPN. Archived from the original on 6 July 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- "Spain have reached end of an era, but their gift will not be forgotten - they forced all countries to raise their game". Telegraph. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
- "Antwerp, 1920". FIFA. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Delight for the Azzurri as home advantage tells". FIFA. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Uruguay triumph brings heartbreak for Brazil". FIFA. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Bull, JJ. "Xavi: The greatest midfielder of a generation". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Sanghera, Mandeep (12 May 2012). "Euro 1964: A forgotten Spanish triumph". BBC Sport. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Estepa, Javier. "Los penaltis cerraron las puertas de las 'semis' a La Roja" [Penalties close the doors to the semis for La Roja] (in Spanish). Marca. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Jurado, J. Carlos. "El perdón de Luis Enrique a Tassotti que nunca llegó" [The pardon from Tassotti to Luis Enrique which never arrived] (in Spanish). Marca. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Hayward, Paul (23 June 2002). "Korean miracle spoilt by refereeing farce". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- "Euro 2008 Final Preview: Germany vs Spain". 29 June 2008. Archived from the original on 29 December 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- McNulty, Phil (29 June 2008). "Germany 0–1 Spain". BBC Sport. London. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
- Spanish players named in the team of the tournament were: goalkeeper and captain Iker Casillas; defenders Carles Puyol and Carlos Marchena; midfielders Xavi, Cesc Fàbregas, Andrés Iniesta and Marcos Senna; and strikers David Villa and Fernando Torres.
- "Euro 2012: Spain striker Fernando Torres wins Golden Boot award". BBC Sport. 2 July 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- Krishnan, Joe (18 June 2014). "World Cup 2014: Spain and the World Cup holders who crashed out at the group stage". The Independent. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
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- Bevan, Chris (1 July 2018). "Spain 1–1 Russia". BBC Sport. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
- "Systems Football: The Basics – Tiki-Taka / Totaal-Voetball. This system is highly influenced by Fc Barcelona passing game (already based on Dutch 70s football principles)". EPLindex. 16 July 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- "New coaching breed gives heart to Spain". The Times. 14 April 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
- "Fábregas takes positive view, from the bench". The Guardian. 10 June 2008. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- "The definitive story of how Aragonés led Spain to Euro 2008 glory". The Guardian. 2 July 2008. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
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